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Which crate to choose for your dog?

The transport crate allows you to travel with a small or medium dog and the transport crate with a large dog. It is an equipment that comes in different models and must be chosen carefully when you want to travel by car with your dog to ensure safety and comfort. Note that to travel by plane with your dog, only the transport cage that meets the IATA standard is accepted because the animal must be placed in the hold if it cannot travel in the cabin. Let's review.

Criteria for choosing a dog carrier

There is a wide range of crates and transport cages available, so much so that the consumer sometimes has trouble finding the right one. Generally, the crate is suitable for dogs weighing less than 11 kg, while the crate is designed for larger dogs.

For short or long car journeys with your dog, it is much better to have a crate or transport box in the trunk than to use a harness on the back seat or to leave your dog in the trunk separated from the rest of the car by a protective net. All these solutions are allowed. But it is in a perfectly chosen crate/cage that the dog will travel in the car as comfortably and safely as possible. This also guarantees the comfort and safety of the driver and passengers. Therefore, it is important to pay attention to the following criteria
  • The weight and size of the dog: it must be comfortable lying down, sitting, standing and turning around without difficulty,
  • The weight of the animal,
  • The material of manufacture, knowing that :
    • The transport crate for small or medium dogs is made of plastic,
    • The transport cage for large dogs is made of metal but can have a rigid plastic tray.
  • The closing system which can be with latches, clips, rivets, centralized,
  • Its ease of maintenance,
  • Its smaller size when not in use: in this case, you can opt for a foldable model that is very easy to store,
  • The means of transport that you wish to use because, depending on the case, only a cage that meets the current standard can be accepted. This point is detailed in the second part of this article dealing with air travel with a dog.
We recommend that you get your pet used to staying in its crate or cage, starting with short trips some time before departure. This will avoid disappointments when leaving on vacation.

Travelling dog crate: IATA standard required for air travel!

Only small dogs are allowed to travel in the cabin, but the conditions should be checked before check-in as they may vary depending on the airline. On the other hand, it is necessary to obtain a transport cage if you plan to fly with your dog whose size does not allow it to be carried in the cabin. It is mandatory to choose a model that complies with the IATA (International Air Transport Association) standard. This one imposes the following characteristics:
  • Hull material: fiberglass or rigid plastic.
  • Body door: two-point locking system (top and bottom) with centralized anti-fugue latch.
  • Hinges: 1.6 cm minimum over the horizontal edges of the door.
  • The top and bottom of the transport box are bolted together.
  • Wheels: not mandatory. However, if the transport box is equipped with them, they must be removed during the trip. Retractable wheels must be secured with strong adhesive tape.
  • Bowl: must be attached to the screen door. It must be accessible without having to open the cage.
As an indication, the price of an IATA-approved cage/carrying case costs from $50 to several hundred dollars, depending on its size. If you are traveling with your dog on an exceptional basis, it may be more interesting to rent a crate rather than buy one.
The IATA mention on the label does not exempt you from verifying the presence of all these mandatory criteria because only this dog transport material can be placed in the hold.

It should be noted that the owner must also ensure the comfort of his pet during the entire trip by respecting the following points:
  • Choose a crate with IATA standards adapted to the size of the dog which must be able to :
    • Lie down completely,
    • Turn over,
    • Stand upright. Note that the height of the crate must be at least 5 cm higher than the height of the dog (from the ground to the tip of the ears).
  • Place an absorbent material on the bottom of the crate (blanket, newspaper, mattress, sheet...) knowing that straw is not allowed,
  • Do not use a leash or muzzle, and do not leave these accessories in the crate either.
  • Do not lock the crate with a padlock.
It is totally forbidden to give tranquilizers to your dog during air transport, to make an injured or physically weak animal travel. Moreover, before taking the plane tickets, you must make sure that the company accepts dogs on board, which is not always the case.

How do I know if my dog is sad?

We humans have a strong tendency to project our emotions onto the animals we observe. And if animals are not devoid of emotions, they do not have the same awareness of the world as ours and their relationship to the events they face is more "raw", less elaborate.

For example, your dog may be sad. But how can you be sure that he is really sad?

Observe your dog's behavior to know if he is sad

In humans, emotions can be read on the face. Scientists conduct many experiments to find out what the basic emotions are. Kindergarten and elementary school children are regularly asked to draw minimalist pictures where only the eyes, eyebrows and mouth, depending on their position, can signify a particular emotion.

A dog's face is not structured in the same way as a human's and the expressiveness of this body part is essentially limited to showing or hiding the fangs.
To identify your dog's emotions, you need to observe him and note the differences in his behavior compared to his habits. And you'll find that we have a lot in common with our four-legged friends in terms of behavior. If you can't know exactly what emotion your dog is working on, you can be sure that something is wrong and, once you understand the cause of his worries, you can do something about it.

Aggression in a dog that was not aggressive before is an extreme behavior, the source of which can be sadness. It is important not to wait for a catastrophe to happen before reacting. Consult a veterinarian quickly!

But beyond aggressiveness, there is also a whole range of reactions that should be deciphered.

Your dog's sleep

A healthy and happy dog sleeps between 8 and 10 hours per 24 hours, roughly the same amount as a human being. Unlike cats, dogs are active during the day.

If your dog wakes up at night and sleeps most of the day, he's not doing well. Take him to your veterinarian to check his health. If all is well, your dog may not be getting enough attention or exercise. Your veterinarian will be able to direct you to solutions that will help your dog regain his well-being.

Your dog's appetite

Like sleep quality, regularity of appetite is a major sign of good physical and psychological health.

If your dog does not eat with the same eagerness, if he leaves leftovers in his bowl while you give him his usual ration, it means that your dog has psychological or physical health problems. Don't delay in consulting a veterinarian for a thorough examination and diagnosis, as your dog's health condition can deteriorate rapidly.

Your dog's energy level

Each dog, depending on its breed and character, has its own behavior. Dogs are generally sought after for their companionship, so you may have established a rhythm and routine for playing and going out.
If you notice that your dog no longer reacts positively during these times of exchange and physical activity, or that he even remains prostrate, something is wrong.

When a dog is sad, he may start destroying objects in his environment in your absence, whereas he used to respect them. These are signs of hyperactivity that should alert you. Seek immediate medical attention, especially if your dog starts urinating and defecating when he was clean.

Similarly, if your dog no longer parties with you when you come home, or doesn't want to be petted as much, then you need to ask yourself what's causing the change in his behavior.

Your dog wants your attention

Unwanted barking can be a sign of a lack of attention. If he feels the need for activity when you're not taking him out enough, he'll do anything to get the message across to you. And if you are slow to respond to his requests, if you drag your feet to meet his needs, he may become apathetic and even depressed.

Your dog may also be constantly glued to you, following you wherever you go. This type of behavior can be observed when you move to a new place, while the dog gets used to its new surroundings. If the behavior continues, there is something on your dog's mind and it is important that you find out what it is.

Welcoming a dog into your life means taking care of him and giving him what he needs. If the dog is not satisfied on a relational level, it can quickly become unmanageable or lose its will to live. Take good care of your companion! Watching him live is an essential step to understand who he is, beyond the main criteria common to the breed.

The Cane Corso, an imposing dog of the molossoid family

Belonging to the molossoid family, the Cane Corso impresses with its imposing posture. However, underneath its large guard dog appearance lies a calm and balanced personality. It is also affectionate and can be suitable for families, provided that it is well trained from the start.

Characteristics of the Cane Corso

The Cane Corso is an athletic dog that develops a strong and solid musculature. This dog is longer than it is tall and is between 60 and 64 cm for females and 64 and 68 cm for males for an approximate weight of 40 to 50 kg. Its elegant body despite its power expresses resistance and strength. It has a grey-lead, black, light grey, slate grey, dark fawn, light fawn, stag fawn or brindle (with gradations or stripes) coat.

The breed has a more or less arched and wide skull, with a deep and wide muzzle and a pronounced stop. The ears in the shape of a triangle fall downwards. All the particularity of the Cane Corso is in its lips which are imposing and display an inverted U.

History of the Cane Corso breed

The Cane Corso originated in the south of Italy, in the Puglia region. It was originally used as a dog for warfare or to play against lions during Roman times. This breed would also have been used for bear hunting, driving cattle, hunting boars or simply as a guard dog. It has a close cousin in the Naples Mastiff, also known as the Cane Corso. In relation to the etymology of the breed, the name "Corso" does not mean Corsican but rather Roman cohort (praetorian bodyguard).

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Cane Corso

Even if it is not a dangerous dog as defined by the 1999 law, the Cane Corso is a watchdog and defense dog par excellence, which must be educated from an early age to avoid extreme or even aggressive behavior, because the animal is a bit stubborn. He will watch his territory with vigilance and discretion. Faithful and loyal, it will be happy to live in families with children. He can live in an apartment as long as he gets regular walks and games, because he is a very active dog whose energy needs to be channeled. The advantage is that he barks very little so you won't have any problems with your neighbors. And if you're new to dog training, it's best to leave this part to a specialist.

Feeding and major health problems of the Cane Corso

The Cane Corso is a model of strength and robustness. It can live up to 12 years with proper care and feeding. As such, it must be given highly nutritious food given its size and its boundless energy. This food should prevent the appearance of digestive problems, skin problems or overweight.

Concerning the diseases that can affect it, this breed can be affected by a coxo-femoral dysplasia.

Hunting dog: top 10 breeds suitable for hunting

Since time immemorial, man has domesticated wolves that evolved in contact with man and gave the first dogs to help them hunt. The first hunting dogs date back to more than 9000 years ago, according to dog burials found in Japan. Today, many breeds of dogs exist, some of which were created by man to have characteristics that are particularly useful for hunting.

So we are going to review the top 10 dog breeds that are the most suitable for hunting in France. But before we start, it is important to understand the different types of hunting dogs, each of which has a very specific purpose.

The different types of hunting dogs

  • Pointing dogs: the purpose of these dogs is to find game (mainly birds) by scent and to catch them,
  • Terriers: as their name indicates, these hunting dogs will go and look for prey hidden in the burrows, such as rabbits.
  • Bloodhounds: these dogs are excellent trackers once the prey is wounded, since they can follow any game over several kilometers, via the smell of blood.
There are others, but they are either not used enough, or are forbidden for hunting. So we won't talk about them in this article. Now that we have talked about the basics, the top 10 can begin.

Weimar Hound

Originally from Germany, the Weimar Hound is used in hunting as a pointing dog. It is a medium-sized dog with a gray coat. It measures from 62 to 67cm at the withers for males, and 59 to 63cm for females, weighs on average from 30 to 40kg, and generally lives from 10 to 12 years.

The Weimar Hound was already used as a hunting dog by Louis IX. Nowadays, the Weimaraner is a sociable dog, which needs a lot of exercise. The master must also be firm enough to educate him. It is a dog that loves children, and is quite protective, without being aggressive.

Beagle

This small dog of English origin is a rather popular breed nowadays as a simple pet dog, because of its frequent presence in movies. The beagle measures between 33 and 40cm at the withers, weighs between 8 and 22kg and has a life span of 10 to 15 years on average.

It is however originally a hunting dog, with a white coat spotted with beige or black, used as a bloodhound. It is a very playful dog that loves children and also makes a good watchdog. Moreover, the education of this rather docile dog is not very complicated, as long as it can practice a daily physical activity.

English Setter

The English Setter is a medium-sized British hunting dog with a white coat dotted with black, beige or brown depending on the individual. It measures 61 to 68cm at the withers, weighs an average of about 30 kilos, and generally lives from 10 to 12 years.

When hunting, it is used as a pointing dog. This dog requires a fairly firm education, but is very friendly with other dogs and children, although some may be fearful of strangers.

Brittany Spaniel

As its name suggests, the Brittany Spaniel is a dog that originated in Brittany. It has a white coat spotted with light brown. It is a very intelligent and obedient dog. It measures 45 to 51cm at the withers, weighs 14 to 18kg and lives about 14 to 15 years.

It is quite popular among hunters who use it as a pointing dog. It is very socially balanced and can adapt to any life, even with children or other animals. Moreover, he is very easy to train.

Bruno du Jura

The Bruno du Jura, originally from Switzerland, is medium-sized and has a white coat with light brown spots and long floppy ears. It measures 50 to 60cm at the withers, weighs between 20 and 25kg and lives on average between 12 and 13 years.

The Bruno du Jura, calm and docile, is used as a bloodhound. It is very attached to its master, but also very dynamic and will need to exercise daily.

English Cocker

This cocker spaniel, resulting from the crossing between Spanish cocker spaniels and English hunting dogs, is today much represented as a pet dog, in particular thanks to the comic strip "Boule et Bill". The English cocker spaniel has the dress generally clear fawn, even if there is some with a black or white spotted dress. It measures from 38 to 41cm to the withers, weighs from 12 to 16kg and has a life span which oscillates between 12 and 15 years.

It is however originally a bloodhound. Easy to train, this dog loves to play, and likes to be in contact with children, with whom he will be quite protective without being aggressive.

Dachshunds

This is a family and not a single breed, as there are wirehaired dachshunds, short-haired dachshunds and long-haired dachshunds. This small dog originating from Germany with a brindle coat, generally measures 35cm at the withers for a weight of 9kg, and lives between 10 and 15 years.

The Dachshund was originally a dog for digging, but it turned out to be an excellent bloodhound, as well as a very good terrier. He prefers to live in the company of other dogs, because of his origins as a pack dog, but he can also live alone. This very docile little dog is also adapted to family life.

Cairn Terrier

The Cairn Terrier is a dog that originated in Scotland. This small dog with a fawn coat measures between 26 and 31 cm on average, weighs between 6 and 10 kg and has a lifespan of about 13 years.
The Cairn Terrier is excellent at finding rodents in their burrows. It is one of the first known terrier dogs. It is a very playful dog, which loves children, but it will be necessary to be firm during its education, because it tends to bite when it is a puppy. He will also need to be physically active every day.

Fox terrier

Of English origin, there are two varieties of fox terrier: those with curly hair, which are the most widespread, and those with smooth hair, a little rarer. They have a white coat, spotted with brown or black. These medium-sized dogs measure 35 to 40cm at the withers, weigh 7 to 9.5kg, and generally live about 15 years.

Fox terrier dogs are very good fox hunters. This breed is very intelligent, quite playful, but also very protective of children. It is also a very good guard dog.

Great Blue of Gascony

This dog, originally from Gascony, France, is part of the Gascony blue family which has four breeds: the petit bleu de Gascogne, the basset bleu de Gascogne, the griffon bleu de Gascogne and the grand bleu de Gascogne which is one of the most widespread. It is of medium size and has a white coat spotted with black. This dog measures 62 to 72cm at the withers, weighs 35 to 39kg on average and generally lives 12 years.

It is a very good bloodhound and is also used for hunting in the backyard.

The Grand Bleu de Gascogne is an intelligent breed and very attached to its master. It is also gentle with children, quite protective, and sociable with other dogs.

The Hanoverian Red Dog, a dog close to its owners

Created especially for searching for wounded game during hunting, the Hanoverian Red Dog excelled in bloodhounding before gradually becoming a pet today. This breed is close to its owners and develops a balanced and calm character.

Characteristics of the Hanoverian Red Dog

The Hanoverian Red Dog was created to offer very high performance. They are remarkable for their powerful, supple and dynamic gait and their well-proportioned, robust and muscular body. Female dogs measure between 48 and 53 cm for a weight of 25 to 35 kg and males are between 50 and 55 cm and weigh 30 to 40 kg. The breed develops a powerful head with a broad skull and a pronounced stop. On the forehead, some wrinkles are visible. The animal has a wide, deep and muscular muzzle and powerful cheeks. It needs it, because during hunting activities, it has among other things the role of finishing off injured prey to prevent them from suffering unnecessarily. The head is supported by a long, strong neck. The Hanoverian Red Hound stands out with its medium-sized eyes offering a lively and open look, with dark brown irises. The ears are fairly large, broad, set high and hanging. The coat is thick, short and rough. The coat goes from light to dark red and can be brindle. The stag color is also admitted.

History of the Hanoverian Red Dog breed

The Hanoverian Red Dog is a breed that originated in Germany in the northern city of Hanover, Lower Saxony. It was developed on the initiative of a Hanoverian gamekeeper who wanted to obtain a specialist in the search for injured big game. To do this, he crossed the now extinct Haidbracke with German bloodhounds. The Hanoverian Red Dog was mainly bred and trained in German hunting schools called Jägerhöf. These prestigious institutions were responsible for training hunters for the princely courts. The art of bloodhounding was also developed in these institutions.

Living conditions and behavior of the Hanoverian Red Dog

The Hanoverian Red Dog is a persevering, dynamic animal with an exceptional sense of smell. They can be used as a companion dog, although in reality they can't stand to do nothing. It is therefore advisable to welcome him in a place with space and to make him practice activities like mantrailing, tracking or canicross. At home, he is balanced, calm, smart and intelligent. He is also a great player, cuddly and kind. He can get along with other animals provided he is socialized early. Its hunting instincts can take over when faced with small animals. Because it can be dominant and stubborn, the Hanoverian Red Dog also needs an experienced owner.

Diet and major health problems of the Hanoverian Red Dog

The Hanoverian Red Dog is free of any particular diseases. Before using him for hunting activities, it is important to keep his vaccinations, anti-parasite treatments and deworming up to date. On the other hand, they require a rich and healthy diet to meet the high energy requirements of the hunting season.

The Kromfohrländer, a cheerful and affectionate dog

The Kromi, as the Kromfohrländer is known, is a good companion and family dog. Always cheerful, he is constant and affectionate. A real ray of sunshine that will brighten up children's lives with its playfulness.

Characteristics of the Kromfohrländer

The Kromfohrländer is a rather medium sized breed that is between 38 and 46 cm and weighs on average 15 kg depending on age and sex. It is a well-proportioned animal with a slightly protruding chest and muscular legs. It expresses an active, clear and regular gait. The tail is of medium length with a strong set on. The Kromi is recognizable by its head marked by a rounded skull, a frontal furrow slightly accentuated and a visible stop. The muscular cheeks end in strong jaws. As for the eyes, they are ovalized, of intermediate size and positioned slightly slanting while displaying a beautiful dark brown color. The ears for their part are of triangular form, attached high, mobile and close to the cheeks. The dog has a semi-long, hard and dense coat with a beard. It can also have a smooth coat and in this case, will be exempt of beard. The coat is white with tan and tan markings on the body. The cheeks, top of the eyes and ears are reddish-brown, light brown or darker.

History of the Kromfohrländer breed

The Kromfohrländer has its origins in Germany. It would have existed since the XVIIIth century, but its development is made only from the end of the Second World War. This recent breed would be born from a cross between a fox terrier and a great basset hound. It was created under the impulse of the breeder Ilse Scheifenbaum who was installed near Krom Fohr located in the region of Siegen, from where the name of the animal. It was not until 1955 that the breed was recognized. It should be noted that there are very few specimens outside its native country

Living conditions and behavior of the Kromfohrländer

The Kromi is a rare and confidential breed, which is a pity, because it has many qualities that deserve to be in the spotlight. This dog is a gentle and pleasant companion, adapting to all situations and revealing a clever and intelligent character. Thanks to his playfulness, he will quickly become a child's best friend. He is also very attached to his master, but this does not prevent him from enduring solitude as long as he spends as he wants upstream. He is receptive and docile, which facilitates his education. Be careful, sometimes he is stubborn.

Diet and main health problems of the Kromfohrländer

The Kromi shines for its robustness. Nevertheless, there are some pathologies that need to be monitored, especially those affecting the knee joints. It also happens that this dog is affected by hereditary hyperkeratosis of the pads, which causes them to harden and thicken. As for food, the Kromi loves treats as rewards, but it is important not to overdo it.