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The Polish Lowland Shepherd or Nizinny

If you're looking for a teddy bear on legs, you're in luck: the Polish Lowland Shepherd is for you. This ball of hair will please those who are not discouraged by the idea of maintaining this long and thick coat. In any case, it is said that its hair does not fall on the ground during the moulting period and remains attached to the body.

Characteristics of the Polish Lowland Shepherd

It is not complicated to recognize the Polish Lowland Sheepdog also called Nizinny. It is enough to refer to its long coat which covers densely the whole of its body. The hair is abundant and thick and the coat can have all sorts of colors, markings and shades. Medium-sized dogs are distinguished by their elegant coat, but also by their well-developed musculature and massiveness. The height ranges from 41 to 51 cm and the weight from 14 to 16 kg depending on sex and age. The dog has a medium-sized round head covered with dense hair from the forehead to the chin and cheeks. It reveals a convex and broad skull, a pronounced stop and a dark nose. The eyes are also hidden behind long bangs. They are oval, hazel colored and have an intermediate size. When they are visible, they express a piercing and lively look. As for the ears, they are also of medium size and are set high.

History of the Polish Lowland Sheepdog

The Nizinny has relatively unclear origins. It is known that the breed originated from small Asian shepherds of the Tibetan Terrier type. The first writings dedicated to the breed date back to the 16th century. In one of them, mention is made of the dog's exceptional abilities. An order states that three shepherds with three Nizinny were sufficient to keep 1000 sheep. Like many other dogs, the Polish Lowland Sheepdog suffered the consequences of the Second World War, which led to a dramatic decrease in its numbers. The intervention of Dr. Danuta Hryniewicz helped to preserve the breed.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Polish Lowland Sheepdog

The Nizinny is a lively, intelligent and affectionate dog that has successfully made the transition from sheepdog to family dog. He has many qualities: dynamic, joyful, playful by nature, easy to train ... It has everything to seduce families even if unfortunately, its population is very low especially in France. As it is an outdoor dog par excellence, the Nizinny will not necessarily like to live in a small apartment. He prefers the great outdoors and the vast spaces of the countryside. Nevertheless, a life in the city can be considered if he enjoys regular walks.

Diet and main health problems of the Polish Lowland Shepherd

The Polish Lowland Shepherd is a robust animal. It is recommended to pay attention to certain diseases such as retinal atrophy which leads to a decrease in vision. Hip dysplasia is also to be feared although breeders do their best to eliminate this defect.

Why does the dog bury its bones?

Bill, the red cocker spaniel from the comic strip Boule and Bill, has a habit of hiding his bones. You may think that this is just an imaginary cliché that can in no way concern your real dog. And yet... Dogs hide their food and it's a perfectly normal behavior. Here are some explanations.

Burying his bones is a natural behavior for the dog

Since the dog exists, before it was domesticated by man, it buries its bones. Carnivorous animal, in the wild, it must find food by itself by capturing prey. Under these conditions, the animal does not know when it will be able to feed again since it depends on the seasons, the availability of prey and its ability to catch them. Storage is therefore a good strategy to overcome possible shortages.

Bones are a rich source of food

While some humans are rediscovering the benefits of bone broth, dogs instinctively know the richness of bone.

Bones contain collagen, rich in amino acids such as glycine, which is beneficial to the skin and hair. Collagen is generally good for the digestive system by strengthening the lining of the intestinal wall and the stomach and by detoxifying the liver. It thus helps to prevent many diseases.

Bones contain other essential nutritional elements such as calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. These minerals help strengthen the dog's own skeleton and prevent osteoporosis. They are also involved in muscle exchange and the proper functioning of the heart.

Bone marrow also contains vitamins, A and K2, omega 3 and 6, and minerals such as iron, zinc, selenium, boron and manganese. That's not all! Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate contained in all connective tissue, nourish the joints.

Beware of bones that can be dangerous for your dog

Some bones can hurt your dog. It's not a matter of banning bones altogether, but of paying attention to what he eats. Rabbit or Chicken bones have small sharp parts that can hurt your dog if he swallows them whole. It can injure the tongue, get the bone stuck in the jaw, in the dog's esophagus, trachea, stomach or intestines. In many cases, surgery may be necessary. Bone fragments can cause simple constipation. It is important to monitor how long this lasts. The expulsion of bone fragments can also cause bleeding from the rectum, without any consequences on the health of the animal in general.

On the other hand, a large beef bone, containing a lot of marrow, is less dangerous. A dog can still break one or more teeth by gnawing on it.

As soon as you give your dog bones, he will probably bury them since that is his nature, like wolves, foxes, squirrels, hamsters... If you don't want him to make a hole in the garden because it will damage it, because your dog will get dirty, or because you are too afraid he will hurt himself, it is simply better not to give him any.

The Norwegian Buhund or Norwegian Shepherd, a compact and dynamic dog

Vigor and power are expressed in this Norwegian dog. Like all Spitzes, the Norwegian Buhund has a compact and dynamic appearance. This dog is well known for herding and guarding and also specializes in avalanche, narcotics and explosives searches for law enforcement.

Characteristics of the Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund belongs to the large Spitz family. Moreover, its physique does not deceive. It has a body inscribable in a square with an average size that is between 41 and 45 cm if it is a female and between 43 and 47 cm if it is a male. The weight varies between 12 and 18 kg. The Norwegian Buhund has a head in harmony with the rest of the body and is not heavy. The skull is revealed in an almost flat way with a marked stop, but without excess. The muzzle is of the same length as the skull, is neither heavy nor narrow and ends in a black nose. This breed is characterized by an expressive look through dark oval eyes surrounded by a black eyelid. The ears are pointed like all Spitzes, of medium size and carried erect. To recognize the Norwegian Buhund, it is enough to refer to the dress. The semi-long, hard and abundant coat is wheaten (cookie) in color, which can be beige or yellowish-red. The standard also tolerates black coats, preferably solid colors, although white is accepted, but to a lesser extent.

History of the Norwegian Buhund breed

The Norwegian Buhund is an ancient breed that appeared around the Middle Ages in Scandinavia. Several writings about the existence of this breed in Iceland refer to the period when Norwegian settlers invaded the island. The story goes that Buhund skeletons were found in Viking graves. From that time until now, the Norwegian Buhund continues to be a sensation, especially for its versatility. It is used as a sheep herder, farm dog, guard dog or to watch over cattle and ponies. This breed is rare in France, but is developing more in Australia and England.

Living conditions and behavior of the Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund is always ready to please its masters. He is very attached to his social group and is ready to participate in all activities that can be proposed to him. What he likes most of all: walks and games. He is a great playmate for children. Sporty masters, on their side, will be able to count on him during their hikes, jogging or other physical activities. The Norwegian Buhund is also appreciated for its docility, its courage and its sympathy. He gets along very well with cats and other dogs.

Diet and main health problems of the Norwegian Buhund

The Norwegian Buhund lives up to 14 years on average. The breed is strong and robust and is not subject to any particular genetic defect. Moreover, it is not a huge glutton. It can eat high quality kibbles or homemade food based on vegetables, raw meats and starches.

The Field Spaniel, a dog with many assets that needs space

A long muzzle, a dense coat, large ears, a mischievous look, unrivaled vigor... the Field Spaniel is a dog with many assets and qualities that make it indispensable as an auxiliary for hunting, but also as a pet. At home, this English breed needs a lot of space.

Characteristics of the Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel has a body that does not deceive on its role as a hunting dog specialized as a retriever. It benefits from a robust and well-proportioned body, built for endurance and activity. The dog is of medium size and measures about 47.5 cm for a weight ranging from 18 to 25 kg. It is immediately recognizable by its long, silky, flat and shiny coat. The standard prohibits hard, short and curly hair. The coat has a beautiful roan, brown (liver) or black color. Traces of white are accepted on the roan hair. The dog displays a well chiseled skull with raised eyebrows and a medium stop. The muzzle is dry and long and the nose has well developed nostrils. Because they are built to retrieve game, Field Spaniels have strong jaws. Its eyes are wide open and have a gentle yet serious expression. The ears are large, long, hanging and densely decorated with drooping bangs.

History of the Field Spaniel breed

In the past, dogs like the Field Spaniel were called "Field Spaniels". This animal is quite old since it exists since the XIXth century and was born from the cocker spaniel in an objective to have a dog more resistant and larger. Crossings between big cocker spaniels and basset hounds were made. In spite of its qualities of hunting dog, the Field Spaniel did not have its public. The breed was on the verge of extinction during the first two world wars. Fortunately, a few enthusiasts chose to maintain the numbers. It was not until 1954 that the breed was officially recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale).

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel has many qualities. It is an animal happy to live, kind and attached to its masters. It is cheerful, active, lively and always looking for a stimulating and playful activity. Moreover, he is smart and intelligent although he has difficulty adapting to all environments. As a true athlete, it will certainly not be able to live in an apartment. He needs large spaces to spend himself as he wants. Because of its dynamism, it will make the joy of the sporting Masters as well as of the children. But beware of his education especially in the management of solitude. Staying alone for too long makes him destructive. A defect to be corrected from his young age.

Food and main health problems of the Field Spaniel

The Field Spaniel has large heavy ears, making it vulnerable to ear infections. This dog can be affected by pathologies causing lameness and pain such as IOHC (incomplete ossification of the humeral condyle) and hip dysplasia. Retinal pathologies should also be closely monitored.

Why is my dog rolling on the floor?

Whether it's on the kitchen floor, the terrace, in the wet grass, in the mud or even in his own excrement, the dog frequently rolls on the ground and nothing stops him. It is an attitude that often surprises the owners. If it is sometimes a sign of itching, it can also be a natural behavior, a form of canine language that can have several meanings. Let's take a look at it.

Soothing itchy skin

Dogs can suffer from unbearable itching due to a skin disease or caused by parasites. To scratch, he can certainly use his paws or his teeth, but some areas of his body are impossible to reach. He has no other means than to roll on the ground and wriggle in all directions to relieve his itching, especially on the neck and back.

When this happens several times a day, you should check your dog's coat and skin for fleas and other unwanted guests, or for signs of skin disease such as redness, pimples, discharge, scabs, etc. In the first case, an anti-parasite should be applied. In the second case, a consultation with the veterinarian is essential so that the disease can be diagnosed and an appropriate treatment can be prescribed as soon as possible.

The expression of happiness

That's right! When a dog is happy, he can run like crazy, jump around, bark and roll around on the floor. He's probably trying to express his joy when his owners share a game of ball with him or when they get the leash, a sign that a walk is imminent. In fact, when he wants to play, the dog also adopts this attitude.

Eliminating the smell of his shampoo

You can be disappointed to see your dog rolling in the mud just after a good bath... He is not trying to hurt his owner, but simply to eliminate from his coat that chemical scent that has nothing to do with his own smell. And in this case, some dogs will not only wallow in freshly watered flower beds, they can also roll in a pond full of mud! There's no need to get angry, as this is part of a dog's natural behavior.

Masking his own smell

Rolling in materials that give off a strong (even if foul) odor is a common behavior of wild animals. But let's not forget that the dog retains its natural instinct, despite its domestication by man. In any case, it is an attitude that can be noticed more frequently in hunting dogs. Masking its own scent allows the animal to avoid being spotted by a prey. This is a hunting technique that wolves always adopt. It's not surprising that the dog still has some similarities with the wolf, as they both belong to the Canis lupus species.

Asserting your position

Even if he has never been hunting in his life, the dog has an instinct to assert his position. This can be seen in a pack, but it's just as verifiable in a dog raised alone. As if he had gone hunting, he rolls around on the ground to soak up the smell of muck or carrion, thus expressing that he is a wild animal capable of bringing back food to his fellow dogs. In these moments, he doesn't make any difference between a pack and the members of his foster family since he acts by instinct. It is a natural behavior that should not be disturbed.

Punishing your dog: when, how, what to do and what not to do?

Scolding your dog is part of your daily life. The question now is to know if they did it right and if the punishment really had the desired effect. Here are some tips on how to properly punish your dog.

Why scold your dog?

Even if scolding your pet gives you a twinge of guilt every time, don't forget that punishments are also an integral part of his education. Otherwise, anarchy could quickly set in between you and your dog. It will then be very difficult for you to be obeyed and respected.

Being too lax and permissive with your pet can lead to behavioral problems. Worse, your dog will start to act out in the home. And to get control of the situation again, you'll have no choice but to turn to a professional to handle his rehabilitation.

It's best to start as early as possible so that your puppy can tell the difference between right and wrong very quickly. Even if he's only a few months old, don't be afraid to scold him when he does something wrong. At the same time, you should also set the rules of the house by making it clear where the limits are. This is simply essential if you want a balanced and healthy relationship with your dog. The cohabitation will only be better.

The art and manner of punishment

However, even if punishments are useful, you should not abuse them by scolding your dog indiscriminately. The reprimand must be both fair and well-founded. It is not a question of mistreating your dog, since he could lose his confidence in you and your relationship would suffer. And so that your pet understands that it has made a mistake, always punish it at the moment. Don't delay even a minute because your pet won't understand. The risk is that the doggie won't be able to associate your gesture with the nonsense he has just done and that he will consider your displeasure as malice towards him. On the other hand, in order for him to learn once and for all what is forbidden, he will need to be reminded each time he repeats the same bad behavior.

The mistake not to make is to sometimes let the nonsense go because of fatigue or pure laziness. By alternating hot and cold, but especially by contradicting you, your dog will be confused and will end up losing his bearings. Be firm. In addition, to avoid any misunderstanding, always use the same tone of voice when you are correcting your dog.

For each mistake, a precise order

Often, the dog will repeat the same nonsense because he has not really understood what his owner wants from him. Hence the importance of using only precise and short commands that the dog will be able to understand, but especially to execute easily. When the dog has not behaved well and by dint of regularly repeating the "go basket", "stay down" or "no touching", you will see that he will assimilate little by little your orders.

Otherwise, just like the rewards you give your pet when he is obedient, the punishment must also be commensurate with the seriousness of the mistake. Fortunately, there is a wide range of punishments available to owners when your pet is not behaving properly.

However, because of their effectiveness, vocal reprimands are still the most common. Indeed, dogs always react instantly to their owner's voice, especially if there is a change in tone. Ignorance and disinterest are also used a lot by handlers, especially in puppy training.