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The Pumi, affectionate, faithful and cheerful dog

Don't be fooled by its plush appearance. The Pumi is a master in the art of guarding large herds. Today, he is less used as a sheepdog and has found a new vocation as a pet. A role that he assumes wonderfully as a dog affectionate, faithful, constant and always cheerful.

Characteristics of the Pumi

Its original appearance is a great advantage. At first glance, the Pumi seems to come straight out of a cartoon with its unusual physique. It is a medium-sized dog that is between 38 and 44 cm for females and between 41 and 47 for males. The animal has a vigorous body, inscribable in a square and which resembles the terrier. This similarity is especially striking at the level of the head. The Pumi has a skull whose top is rounded and wide. The forehead is slightly rounded and long. What makes the head very typical is the elongated muzzle with a barely visible stop, a truncated and narrow nose, a muzzle with a straight muzzle as well as tight and dark lips. The ears are also particular since they are carried high on the head with the ends folded forward. Expressive and mobile, they form a sort of inverted V. As for the eyes, they are in oblique position, oval, of intermediate size and of dark brown color. The Pumi has a curly and wavy coat that should not be corded or smooth. The length of the coat ranges from 4 to 7 cm. The coat is gray in all shades, fawn or black.

History of the Pumi breed

Not much is known about the history of the Pumi. Its origin goes back a long way since it dates back to the 18th century. The breed was born in Hungary from a cross between the Puli, terriers and other Shepherds from Germany and France. This explains why it looks so much like the terrier varieties. Nevertheless, it is especially with the Puli that it was related for more than two centuries before benefiting from its own standard. In 1919, the two breeds were definitely separated. The Pumi was officially recognized in 1923. In 2011, while Hungary is introducing a tax on dogs, the government of Viktor Orbán creates the national dog preference in a way, exempting owners of Pumi recognized as "Hungarian breed" ...

Living conditions and behavior of the Pumi

The Pumi is known for its versatility. It can be used as a sheepdog, guard dog, hunting dog, search dog and companion dog. It is a playful animal and will not miss any opportunity to show it. He is very affectionate and attached to his family. It is also a very playful animal that loves to spend time with children. It is said that it is very lively and has an overflowing energy that is why it can not live in an apartment. Indeed, it needs to spend constantly and especially, it tends to bark a lot which may disturb the neighbors.

Food and main health problems of the Pumi

The Pumi has the chance to have a very robust health. It does not develop any specific pathology. As far as food is concerned, he is satisfied with classic meals which will nevertheless have to be adapted to his physical activity as well as to his age.

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen, a vigorous and agile little dog

If we had to summarize its characteristics in a few words, the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is a vigorous, agile, kind and courageous little dog that will make a perfect companion at home. It's hard to resist his little face, which is always in a good mood.

Characteristics of the Small Basset Griffon Vendeen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is a vigorous and lively dog with an average height of 34 to 38 cm. Its relatively long body, straight limbs and short tail are among its physical characteristics. The animal is identifiable by its very expressive head. It has a slightly elongated skull, slightly domed and a little wide with a stop whose break of the forehead is accentuated. The muzzle is square at the end, elongated and straight while the nose with open nostrils is developed and well out with a black, brown or white and orange color. The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen has large eyes that are dark in color and whose white must be invisible. The look reveals a beautiful expression of intelligence. A few hairs can come to hide the eyes, but without excess. As for the ears, they are fine, narrow and flexible and end in oval. Long hairs come to garnish them. Concerning the coat, it is medium long and hard without being woolly or soft. The coat is black with fawn, sandy or white markings or it is fawn with white or black and white markings.

History of the breed Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

Originating from the Vendée region as its name suggests, the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen is a miniature version of the Grand Griffon Vendéen, which is said to have originated from the old Saint-Hubert pack. In the past, the two breeds had the same standard since the only difference was their size. However, the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen was heavier in comparison with the large variety. The creation of the standard for this small dog was the initiative of Abel Desamy in 1947. The breed was mainly used for hunting hares and rabbits. Moreover, the first French Cup on rabbits was won by a pack of Petit Bassets Griffons Vendéens.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen has an exemplary character. It is certainly passionate about hunting, but it also proves to be an excellent pet at home. He is a playful, cheerful, sociable, dynamic and always friendly dog. In spite of its small size, it shows courage. Above all, he is appreciated for his ability to adapt. He can be an angel at home and turn into a ball of energy outside. He loves long walks in the woods and develops a strong endurance for running. This dog needs to live outside to expend its energy. Hikers, sportsmen or better yet, hunters are perfect for him.

Diet and main health problems of the Petit Basset Griffon Vendéen

The Petit Basset Griffon Vendeen is prone to certain diseases that must be monitored very closely, including congenital malformations, hip dysplasia and spinal problems due to its elongated back. As far as food is concerned, it must be adapted to the animal's lifestyle: if it is very active, it will need food rich in energy and nutrients.

5 recipes for do-it-yourself dog treats

Store-bought dog treats can be expensive. The alternative of making them yourself is even more appealing because you control the quality of the ingredients you use. You can also choose the recipes that are best suited to your four-legged friend's taste and body type. And finally, you can use the leftovers from your meals so you don't throw anything away. To inspire you, we present five easy-to-make and easy-to-tailor treat recipes that will delight your dog.

Precautions to take with dog treats

Treats can be used to train dogs. If you do, you'll be giving your dog treats quite often, so it's important to include treats in the daily ration to avoid inappropriate weight gain.

In general, do not feed your dog raw food. Beware of certain foods that are harmless to us but dangerous to the dog: cocoa, onions, raw garlic and shallots, grapes (dried or fresh), avocado, nuts and dried fruit, yeast, cabbage, radishes and leeks... Avoid salt. High-fiber ingredients can also cause intestinal problems in dogs. Lactose is not well digested either.

You should also be wary of dried liver, which is rich in vitamin A. As this vitamin is stored in fat, it is not easily eliminated by the body: overdose is therefore possible, leading to hair loss, pain, lethargy, skin disease.

If you start making treats without having accustomed your pet to them since it was a puppy, it is preferable to make small quantities beforehand in order to test its reactions to the different cookies you offer it.

1- A recipe for chicken dog treats

Ingredients:
  • 210 g wheat flour
  • 1 egg
  • 1 teaspoon of unsalted chicken stock
  • 160 g chicken fillet, cooked and cut into small cubes
  • 250 ml of hot water
Preparation:
  • Preheat oven to 180 °C
  • Dilute the chicken stock in the hot water
  • Mix flour, egg and water to obtain a homogeneous paste
  • Add the chicken pieces and knead until the pieces are evenly distributed in the dough
  • Roll out the dough to a thickness of 0.5 cm and cut the cookies into the shape you want
  • Place the cookies on a baking sheet covered with parchment paper and bake until golden brown

2 - A recipe for tuna dog treats

Ingredients:
  • 1 can of natural tuna
  • 125 g breadcrumbs
  • 30 g spelt flour
  • 2 tablespoons sunflower oil
  • 1 egg white
Preparation:
  • You proceed as in the previous recipe: preheat the oven to 180 °C, mix all the ingredients, mix, spread the dough and cut the cookies before baking them.

3 - A recipe for apple and banana dog treats

Ingredients:
  • 200 g of rice flour
  • 2 tablespoons of honey
  • 2 eggs
  • 2 apples
  • 1 ripe banana
  • 1 tablespoon of olive oil
Preparation:
  • Preheat the oven to 180 °C
  • Peel the banana and the apples, remove the center of the apples and especially all the seeds
  • Blend the fruits
  • Add all the other ingredients and mix to obtain a homogeneous paste
  • Pour the batter into small pans
  • Bake until the cakes are golden brown

4 - A recipe for beef and carrot dog treats

Ingredients:
  • 2 cups whole grain flour
  • 1 cup of pureed beef
  • 1 cup shredded carrots
  • 1/2 cup sunflower oil
  • 2 eggs
Preparation:
  • Preheat oven to 180°C
  • Mix all ingredients to form a homogeneous dough
  • Take small balls of dough and roll them out by hand on a floured work surface to form rounds of 2 cm in diameter and 0.5 cm thick
  • Place the cookies on a baking sheet covered with parchment paper and bake until golden brown

5 - Make dried sausage strips for dogs

Ingredient:
  • Turkey sausages
Preparation:
  • Cut the sausages into thin strips and then cut the strips into 0.5 cm wide strips
  • Place on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper
  • Place in a 70°C oven for one day (about 10 hours). Make sure that the sausages do not burn, the aim is only to dry them out
  • Throughout the process, if the fat rendered by the sausages is too abundant, you absorb it with paper towels. At the end, the strips have a leathery appearance. Store them in a plastic box.

Uterine tumor in female dogs: causes, symptoms and treatment

Unspayed female dogs are the most affected by uterine tumors, especially older and middle-aged female dogs. However, no more than 0.4% of all tumors diagnosed in female dogs are uterine. What are the causes and what are the symptoms that may lead to the suspicion of a uterine tumor in female dogs? Can this type of pathology be treated and how serious is it?

The different types of uterine tumors in female dogs

Uterine tumors in female dogs are not very common, but they occur in the following proportions:
  • 9 out of 10 are benign,
  • 1 in 10 is malignant.
A benign tumor is one that is not life threatening. This is the case of leiomyoma which is located in the smooth muscle tissue.

As for leiomyosarcoma or LMS, it is a malignant tumor of the uterus in female dogs with a poor prognosis. It develops in the smooth muscle. It is therefore a soft tissue sarcoma. This rare, slow growing tumor is serious because it is locally aggressive.

Uterine tumor in a female dog: symptoms

There are few symptoms in a female dog with a uterine tumor. The most that can be noted are:
  • An increase in abdominal volume,
  • Vulvar discharge that is not systematic:
    • Either blood,
    • Or pus.
  • A loss of weight,
  • Fatigue.
One must be very vigilant because the tumor can settle down in an almost asymptomatic way, the manifestations intervening only much later. If it is a cancerous tumor of the uterus, the female dog is seriously exposed if not treated. As with all types of cancer, the earlier the diagnosis, the greater the chance of a cure.

Uterine tumor in female dogs: treatment

Once the tumor has been diagnosed by the veterinarian, the only option is surgical intervention to remove the entire reproductive system. The female dog undergoes an ovariohysterectomy, which means the removal of the ovaries and the uterus.

In the case of cancer, and moreover if there are metastases, the animal must undergo radiotherapy (radiation) or chemotherapy (drugs) in order to stop their proliferation but also to destroy these cancerous cells.

The prognosis is quite favorable in the case of a benign tumor. For a malignant tumor, the prognosis is also favorable if the female dog has undergone an ovariohysterectomy, provided that there are no metastases.

Uterine tumors in female dogs are rare and should not be confused with uterine infections, which are much more frequent and often caused by hormones. In any case, having your female dog spayed as soon as possible is the best way to protect her health. It is also the best way to actively fight against dog overpopulation and considerably reduce the number of abandonments.

So that the sterilization of a dog or a female dog does not impact the budget of its owner, it is in his interest to subscribe a contract with a mutual health insurance company for pets. Depending on the formula chosen, he/she can be reimbursed for all or part of the expenses incurred, up to an annual reimbursement limit.

The Jack Russell Terrier, a lively and affectionate little dog

The Jack Russell Terrier owes its name to Pastor John Russell. Despite its small size, this dog is full of vitality, he needs to spend time. That's why he'll be happier in the country than in an urban area. Affectionate and intelligent, he appreciates children's games and family life.

Characteristics of the Jack Russell Terrier

Belonging to the Terrier group, the Jack Russell Terrier is intriguing because of its small size, ranging from 25 to 30 cm for both males and females. Its body is rather long than high and quite muscular with a broad chest and a drooping tail that should be at the same level as the ears if it is docked.

At the level of the head, the skull is of average width and becomes increasingly small until the muzzle. The stop is defined without being very accentuated. The ears are drooping and in buttons. They are of fawn color or white simply. The jack russell terrier has a short coat that is either hard, smooth or wiry. The coat has black spots or tan markings that are less accentuated.

History of the Jack Russell Terrier breed

The Jack Russell Terrier originated in England in 1880. It was born under the impulse of the pastor John Russell who was a great amateur of fox hunting. For this activity, he developed a breeding of hunting dogs. He selected the best breed of terriers, taking care to choose only the most skilful subjects for hunting. He wanted them to be small so that the dogs could slip into the burrows without difficulty. Several crosses were then made, in particular with other breeds of terriers with a variegated or single-colored coat. The breed was recognized in 1990 by the English Kennel Club, of which John Russell was one of the founders.

Living conditions and behavior of the Jack Russell Terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier is very popular with families looking for a pet. However, when adopting this breed, it is important to keep in mind that it is initially a very dynamic hunting dog that should preferably evolve in an environment with large spaces. The ideal would be to offer him a house with a garden, without which the owners will be obliged to walk him regularly every day so that he can spend his energy. Because of its vitality, this dog is not suitable for the elderly or those with a sedentary lifestyle. New owners will need to enjoy outdoor physical activities or walks in nature.

Jack Russell Terrier Diet and Major Health Concerns

One of the Jack Russell Terrier's greatest strengths is its hardiness. It does not develop diseases or health problems in particular except if it comes from a poorly controlled reproduction as inbreeding. It can nevertheless be prone to hyperactivity.

As for the food, it must be rich and balanced because the Jack Russell Terrier is a very active animal and needs a maximum of nutrients. It is possible to give him traditional home-made meals or premium kibbles once a day.

Should you feed your dog bones: precautions and dangers

Give your dog bones: yes, but not just any bones. Some of them can cause serious health problems, especially injuries to the esophagus, stomach and teeth. Precautions must be taken.

Giving bones to your dog, yes...

Gnawing on bones is one of the greatest pleasures of dogs, who consider them real treats. Moreover, several benefits are attributed to this practice. The first is the preservation of the animal's oral health. Thanks to the rubbing of the teeth against the bone, the dental plaques causing the appearance of tartar are gradually eliminated. This method can be used in addition to brushing the teeth. It also cleans the inside of the mouth and ensures a better breath for the animal. And since bones contain minerals such as calcium, all these properties are beneficial for the dog.

...but beware of danger

In view of its many benefits, giving bones to your four-legged friend is therefore highly recommended. However, it is important to choose them carefully because not all of them are suitable. Rabbit and chicken bones as well as fragile, sharp or breakable bones should be avoided. As they break easily, bones become a source of injury: bleeding from the rectum, broken teeth, bleeding from the gums and tongue, bones stuck in the esophagus, digestive problems. A surgical intervention may even be necessary in case of stuck fragments.

Which bones to give him?

The best bone for dogs is the beef marrow bone, preferably from the middle of a femur. This type of bone is hard and will not yield to the pressure of the jaw. Raw bones are preferable because they are less easy to chew. Nevertheless, it is important to pay particular attention to the sanitary quality of the food to avoid food poisoning. The bone must also be large enough so that the animal cannot swallow it whole, thus avoiding intestinal obstruction or choking.

Precautions to take

When eating the bones, it is important to keep a close eye on the dog to make sure it does not swallow the treat all at once. He should be left alone in a quiet corner as he may become aggressive if you get too close. Children should understand that they should never disturb the doggie while it is eating its bone. He could think that they want to take it away from him and, out of a desire to protect his bone, he could bite.

Another important point is to remove the bone before the dog buries it somewhere. Under the ground, the food can rot and become brittle, which can be dangerous for the animal. To avoid being bitten at this time, it is advisable to divert his attention and quickly retrieve the bone.

As for the frequency of consumption, once or twice a month will be more than enough, otherwise risks of food imbalance and digestive disorders may occur.