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Dogs of the group 9: dogs of pleasure and company, which particularities?

Group 9 includes 25 dog breeds, plus the Russian Toy Terrier, a breed provisionally recognized by the FCI, the Fédération Canine Internationale. These dogs are morphologically different from each other and come from different geographical areas. Let's discover the 11 sections of the group 9 and let's take stock of the particularities of these companion dogs.

First section of Group 9: Bichons and related breeds

Section 1 includes 6 dog breeds and is divided into 3 sub-sections.

1.1 Bichons

  • Bichon Frise
  • Havanese
  • Bolognese
  • Maltese

1.2 Coton de Tulear

  • Coton de Tulear

1.3 Small lion dog

  • Small lion dog
Second section of Group 9: Poodles

Only 1 breed is registered in this second section.
  • Black, brown, grey, white, red fawn, orange fawn (apricot) poodle:
    • Large
    • Medium
    • Dwarf
    • Toy

Third section of Group 9: Small Belgian Dogs

3 dog breeds divided in 2 sub-sections.

3.1 Griffons

  • Brussels Griffon
  • Belgian Griffon

3.2 Small Brabançon

  • Small Brabançon

Fourth section of Group 9: Bare Dogs

1 breed forms this section 4.
  • Chinese Crested Dog
    • Naked
    • With wispy coat and puff

Fifth section of Group 9: Tibetan Dogs

There are 4 dog breeds in section 5.
  • Tibetan Terrier
  • Tibetan Spaniel
  • Shih Tzu
  • Lhasa Apso

Sixth section of Group 9: Chihuahua

1 breed makes up this section 6.
  • Chihuahua
    • Shorthair
    • Longhair

Seventh section of Group 9: English Toy Spaniels

We find here 2 dog breeds.

  • King Charles Spaniel
    • Black and tan
    • Ruby
    • Pearl white with chestnut markings
    • Tricolor (Prince Charles)
  • Cavalier King Charles Spaniel
    • Black and tan
    • Ruby
    • Pearl white with chestnut markings
    • Tricolor (Prince Charles)

Eighth section of Group 9: Japanese Spaniels and Pekingese

2 breeds make up section 8.
  • Japanese Spaniel (Chin)
  • Pekingese Spaniel (Pekingese)

Section 9 of Group 9: Continental Toy Spaniels

Section 9 has 2 breeds of dogs.
  • Russian Toy Terrier : dog breed provisionally recognized by the FCI
  • Smooth-haired
  • Longhaired
  • Continental Toy Spaniel
  • Straight-eared (Papillon)
  • Floppy-eared (Phalène)

Tenth section of Group 9: Kromfohrländer

Only 1 breed is in this section 10.
  • Kromfohrländer
    • Smooth-haired
    • Wire-haired

Eleventh section of Group 9: Small Molossoids

3 dog breeds make up section 11.
  • Pug
    • Fawn and clear with black mask
    • Black
    • Silver
    • Apricot with black mask
  • Boston Terrier
  • French Bulldog
    • Uniform fawn, brindle, unbrindle, limited patchiness
    • Fawn, brindle, non-brindle, medium and heavy spotted

Main qualities of the dogs of group 9

Except for the Great Poodle, the dogs of group 9 are small, but all of them, without exception, are used exclusively as companion dogs. This is the only criterion on which their classification in this group is based even if, because of their specific aptitudes, some of them could be used as rakers in stables (Griffon), for duck hunting (Poodle) and even for guarding warehouses (French Bulldog).

They are alert, like to play and like to be stimulated in their thinking. They do not tolerate solitude very well. They accept a sedentary lifestyle, but they are not completely content with it because they absolutely need to be able to go out several times a day to exercise. Each one can live happily in an apartment as long as the owner takes care to maintain the daily physical activity of his little companion.

Although they have some points in common, some of the dogs in Group 9 are distinguished by their mischievous and particularly dynamic side, as is the case with the Poodle for example. We can also note the calm and composed character of the Tibetan dogs, but they deign to obey only the orders that suit them.

All of them are descended from small working dogs. However, nowadays, these dogs are no longer called working dogs. They integrate our homes for their pleasant company. They are loyal, affectionate, protective and friendly. They are deeply attached to their master, following him everywhere, being very attentive to his every move, and systematically seeking his attention. They can even be a little jealous when they are no longer the center of interest of their owner. Although not very demanding, they can only blossom with a loving, attentive and available family.

Dogs of the group 8: retrievers and game hounds, water dogs

Group 8 is made up of 3 sections, including hunting specialists who show great willpower, outstanding dedication and who are not deterred by any difficulty. Let's take a look at the 22 dog breeds in Group 8 and their main qualities.

First section of Group 8: game retrievers

This section includes 6 dog breeds. With an amazing obedience, these dogs show a great perseverance and are the real accomplices of their hunting masters.
  • Chesapeake Bay Retriever
  • Nova Scotia Retriever
  • Labrador Retriever
  • Flat-haired Retriever
  • Curly Coated Retriever
  • Golden Retriever

Second section of Group 8: Game hounds and scavengers

9 dog breeds make up this second section of group 8. These dogs are very agile and never give up, even under extreme conditions. Tough, they are active, cunning, enterprising, and have a highly developed sense of smell.
  • Small Dutch Waterfowl Hunting Dog (Kooikerhondje)
  • American Cocker Spaniel
  • Sussex Spaniel
  • Field Spaniel
  • Welsh Springer
  • English Springer
  • English Cocker Spaniel
  • Clumber Spaniel
  • German Oysel Dog

Third section of Group 8: Water Dogs

Here are the 7 dog breeds that we find in the 3rd section of group 8. They are aces at hunting water game that they do not hesitate to retrieve, whatever the constraints imposed by the environment.
  • Barbet
  • American Water Dog
  • Irish Water Dog
  • Spanish Water Dog
  • Portuguese Water Dog
  • Friesian Water Dog
  • Romanian Water Dog

Main qualities of group 8 dogs

Group 8 dogs are used for hunting because they have exceptional abilities. They are able to fetch game in places that are very difficult to access where group 6 and 7 hunting dogs do not go (marshes, very uneven terrain, thorny brush...). But they are also excellent pets and guide dogs. Faithful, calm, intelligent, they are very sociable. Courageous, helpful, they like to work and these dogs are happy to help.

It is not necessary to be an inveterate hunter (nor a hunter at all) to welcome in his home a dog of the group 8 which will be integrated easily within a loving family with children. However, it is essential that the owner is calm, consistent, affectionate and likes long escapades in the nature where his faithful companion can really blossom.

A special mention for the Chesapeake, which is not recommended for people adopting a dog for the first time as a pet rather than a hunting companion. It does not pose any particular problem, even with children, in terms of personality because it is sociable, affectionate, likes to be with humans. It should be noted that it also enjoys the company of other animals. But he likes to keep his independence and can be a bit rough when he plays simply because it is his nature. For a first dog, it is therefore better to choose a more delicate animal if it must share its games with children. Apart from this little peculiarity, the Chesapeake is naturally protective of the members of its foster family.

These dogs, as we have seen, find their balance in sharing activities with their master. The latter does not fail to notice how endearing these companions are because a real complicity can be established between man and animal. They have a very flexible character and are very easy to train / educate. The dogs of group 8 are classified among the best friends of the Man.

Dogs of the group 7 : pointing dogs, which particularities ?

Group 7 includes 37 dog breeds according to the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) and only 36 according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). They are categorized in 2 sections. These are hunting dogs of course, all of them being recognized for their innate ability to stop when spotting game, especially birds. Let's take a closer look at these continental, British and Irish pointing dogs that make up this group 7.

First section of group 7: continental pointing dogs

Three categories make up this first section: the Braque type, the Spaniel type and the Griffon type.

Braque type

  • Braque Francais Gascogne type of large size
  • French Pyrenean type small-sized pointer
  • Braque bourbonnais,
  • Braque d'Ariège
  • Braque d'Auvergne
  • Braque Saint-Germain
  • Braque italien
    • roan-brown
    • white-orange
  • Braque de Burgos
  • Portuguese Pointer
  • Danish ancestral pointing dog
  • Pudelpointer
  • German Wirehaired Pointer
  • German Wirehaired Pointer
  • Weimar Pointer
    • Long-haired pointing dog
    • Short-haired pointing dog
  • German Shorthaired Pointer
  • Slovakian wirehaired pointer
  • Hungarian wirehaired pointer (Vizsla wirehaired)
  • Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer (Vizsla Shorthair)

Spaniel type

  • French Spaniel
  • Blue Picardy Spaniel
  • Brittany Spaniel
    • white and orange
    • Other colors
  • Saint-Usuge Spaniel (dog breed not included in the list of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale but recognized by the Société Centrale Canine)
  • Picardy Spaniel
  • Pont-Audemer Spaniel
  • Small Munsterlander
  • Large Munsterlander
  • German Longhaired Pointer
  • Drente partridge dog
  • Friesian Pointer

Griffon type

  • Wirehaired Pointing Dog Korthals
  • Czech Bearded Dog
  • Spinone
    • roan-brown
    • white-orange

Second section of group 7: British and Irish pointing dogs

This section consists of two categories of pointing dogs, namely Pointer and Setter.


  • English Pointer


  • Red Irish Setter
  • Red and white Irish Setter
  • Gordon Setter
  • English Setter

Main characteristics of Group 7 dogs

These pointing dogs have an extremely developed sense of smell that allows them to search for game, and as soon as it is spotted, they stop. This is not an attitude acquired through long training but absolutely instinctive. To indicate to his master the location of the game, the dog stops, then points his muzzle towards it. The name of some dogs of group 7 contains the appropriate vocabulary such as pointing, and the category itself (pointing dog) is very evocative.

These dogs are loyal, love company, are willing, intelligent, live well in a pack and are very easy to train (educate). Their ideal master is active, preferably he likes hunting and does it regularly or, failing that, spends a good part of his time outdoors with his little companion. It is better to abstain if you are very sedentary and it should also be noted that the pointing dog does not fulfill the function of simple pleasure dog. He is much happier hunting and is very docile.

Group 6 dogs: hounds and bloodhounds, what are the particularities?

This group 6 is composed of sporting dog breeds. These dogs, whose predatory instinct is very developed, are used for hunting or guarding. Here is an overview of the dogs in Group 6.

First section of Group 6: Hounds

This section 1 of Group 6 is divided into 3 sub-sections: large hounds, medium hounds and small hounds.

Large Hounds (Section 1 - Group 6)

  • French white and black
  • French white and orange
  • French tricolor
  • Billy
  • Great Anglo-French white and black
  • Great Anglo-French white and orange
  • Great Anglo-French tricolor
  • Great Vendéen griffon
  • Great blue of Gascony
  • Great Gascon saintongeois
  • Poitevin
  • English Foxhound
  • Otterhound
  • St. Hubert's Hound American Foxhound
  • Black and Tan Coonhound

Medium sized hounds (section 1 - Group 6)

  • Blue Griffon of Gascony
  • Griffon fauve de Bretagne
  • Nivernais Griffon
  • Anglo-French small game hound
  • Beagle-Harrier
  • Bruno Saint Hubert Français (note that this breed is recognized by the SCC but not by the FCI)
  • Artois Dog
  • Porcelain
  • Small blue of Gascony
  • Small gascon saintongeois
  • Briquet griffon vendéen
  • Ariegeois
  • Spanish hound
  • Austrian black and tan hound
  • Styrian wirehaired hound
  • Tyrolean Hound (Tiroler Bracke)
  • Istrian wirehaired hound
  • Istrian Shorthaired Hound
  • Posavatz Hound
  • Bosnian wirehaired hound, called Barak
  • Italian Shorthaired Hound
  • Italian wirehaired hound
  • Finnish Hound
  • Polish Hound (Ogar Polski)
  • Polish Hound
  • Greek Hound
  • Norwegian Hound
  • Halden Hound
  • Hygenian Hound
  • Serbian Tricolor Hound
  • Montenegrin Mountain Hound
  • Serbian Hound
  • Hamilton Hound
  • Schiller's Hound
  • Småland Hound
  • Swiss Hound (Schweizer Laufhund)
  • Transylvanian Hound
  • Lucerne Hound, Schwyz Hound (Bernese Hound, Bruno du Jura, Hound)
  • Slovakian Hound

Small Hounds (Section 1 - Group 6)

  • Basset artesian normand
  • Basset bleu de Gascogne
  • Basset fauve de Bretagne
  • Great Basset griffon vendéen
  • Small Basset griffon vendéen
  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Drever (Swedish Basset)
  • Small Swiss Hound
  • Small Lucerne Hound, Small Schwyz Hound (Bernese Hound, Jura Hound)
  • German Hound (Deutsche Bracke)
  • Westphalian Basset Hound

Section 2 of Group 6: Bloodhounds

This section 2 has only 3 dog breeds. Bloodhounding is a hunting technique that consists of tracking wounded game so that it can be finished off by hunters in order to shorten its suffering. These dogs undergo a BST (Bloodhound Aptitude Test) and if they pass, a mention is added to their pedigree.
  • Alpenländische Dachsbracke
  • Bavarian Mountain Bloodhound (Bayrischer Gebirgsschweisshund)
  • Hannoveraner Schweisshund (Hannover'scher Schweisshund)

Third section of Group 6: Related breeds

Only 2 dog breeds represent this section 3 and are used for guarding as well as for hunting due to their great versatility.
  • Dalmatian
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback

Main characteristics of Group 6 dogs

These dogs are hardworking, dynamic, intelligent, and have great tenacity. They are obedient, dedicated, have incredible stamina, and are known for their exceptional scent. It is no wonder that they are excellent companions for hunters.

Accustomed to the great outdoors, Group 6 dogs are nonetheless - for most of them - good companions that adapt perfectly to a family life with attentive but firm and consistent masters, because these dogs need to be channeled. It is better not to be sedentary to raise this type of small companion in order to be able to meet its great need for exercise.

Group 5 dogs: Spitz and Primitive, what are the particularities?

Group 5 is divided into 8 sections, the dog breeds being grouped according to their morphology, while the other groups have been constituted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) according to the aptitudes of the canines. Here is the list of Spitz and Primitive type dogs found in Group 5, section by section, and their main characteristics.

First section of Group 5: Nordic Sled Dogs

We find here 4 dog breeds.
  • Alaskan malamute
  • Syberian Husky
  • Greenland Dog
  • Samoyed

Second section of Group 5: Nordic hunting dogs

This section consists of 10 dog breeds.
  • Karelian bear dog
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Russian-European Laika
  • West Siberian Laika
  • East Siberian Laika
  • Norwegian grey elk dog
  • Norwegian Puffin Dog
  • Norwegian black moose dog
  • Swedish Elkhound or Jämthund
  • Norrbotten Spitz

Third Section of Group 5: Nordic Guard and Sheepdogs

It includes 6 dog breeds.
  • Visigoth Spitz or Swedish Vallhund
  • Swedish Lapphund
  • Icelandic Sheepdog
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Norwegian Buhund

Fourth section of Group 5: European Spitz

This section includes the following breeds:
  • German Spitz (Deutscher Spitz):
    • Wolf Spitz,
    • Large white, brown or black Spitz
    • Medium Spitz white, wolf/grey shaded, brown or black, orange and other colors
    • Small Spitz white, brown or black, wolf/grey, orange and other colors
    • Pomeranian Spitz any color
  • Italian Volpino

Fifth section of Group 5: Asian Spitz and relatives

There are 12 dog breeds in this section.
  • Eurasier
  • Chow Chow
  • Bangkaew of Thailand
  • Japanese Spitz
  • Kai ken
  • Kishu Inu
  • Shiba Inu
  • Akita Inu
  • American Akita
  • Shikoku
  • Hokkaido Inn
  • Korean Jindo

Sixth section of Group 5: Primitive type

This section consists of 5 dog breeds.
  • Peruvian Hairless Dog
    • Large
    • Medium
    • Small
  • Mexican Hairless Dog
    • Standard
    • Intermediate
    • Miniature
  • Basenji
  • Pharaoh's dog
  • Canaan Dog

Seventh section of Group 5: Primitive hunting type

6 dog breeds constitute this section.
  • Corsican Dog Cursinu
  • Cirneco of Etna
  • Canary Cattle Dog or Podenco of the Canary Islands
  • Balearic Cattle Dog or Ibizan Podenco
    • wirehaired
    • Smooth-haired dog
  • Portuguese Podengo or Portuguese wild dog
    • large, long-haired and rough, short-haired and smooth
    • medium longhaired, smooth shorthaired
    • small longhair, smooth shorthair
  • Taiwan Dog

Group 5, section 8: Primitive type hunting dogs with linear back spike

This section has only 1 dog breed.
  • Mahtai or Thai Dorsal Crested Dog

Main characteristics of Group 5 dogs

Spitz-type dogs can be recognized by their tails, which they carry either curled over their backs or erect, and by their thick, soft coat. Their head is fine, their muzzle is pointed, and their ears are straight and triangular.

The dogs of the other sections of group 5 have only a few similarities with the Spitz, but they differ mainly because they were domesticated much longer ago. In addition, the domestication of these dogs is less marked, so they are not very well trained. They are sometimes considered as semi-wild breeds, hence the term "primitive", as their natural instincts are still quite present.

In the vast majority of cases, the dogs of this group are proud, quite independent. They are relatively wary of strangers, either out of shyness or fear, and they are recognized as having characteristics quite similar to those of the cat. This is why some breeders even give them the nickname of cat-dogs. We quickly realize that group 5 dogs have only one master to whom they are faithful, but sometimes have difficulty showing affection with other people.

Nevertheless, this group of dogs are endearing companions, capable of being protective of their adopted family members, especially children.

Which master for group 5 dogs?

These dogs must be trained with tact, patience, consistency, and in no case by bullying because they have a strong character. It is necessary to be careful before adopting a group 5 dog, the most biting being without question the Chow-chow. But besides this fact, you should not only be bewitched by their beauty. Too many people take in a sled dog because it is indeed fascinating, but do not have the disposition or knowledge to become the ideal owner of this type of dog.

Adopting one of these dog breeds requires careful consideration. These animals need peace and quiet because they are quite distant, but they also need a dynamic master because they need activity. The trust must absolutely be reciprocal so that master and dog become accomplices and are happy.

Group 4 dogs: Dachshunds, what are the particularities?

Group 4 has very few dog breeds since it only includes Dachshunds, as established by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Société Centrale Canine (SCC). It should be noted, however, that three varieties of Dachshunds are allowed and different types of coats.

Group 4 dogs: Dachshunds

As surprising as it may seem, Group 4 is made up of Dachshunds and... only Dachshunds, so unclassifiable that they are enough to form a group on their own. The following are allowed:
  • Different textures:
    • The long-haired Dachshund,
    • The short-haired Dachshund,
    • The wire-haired Dachshund.
  • Different sizes:
    • The Kaninchen Dachshund: it is the smallest with a maximum chest size of 30 cm and a weight less than or equal to 3.5 kg,
    • The Dachshund : not very big either, it has a chest circumference of 30 to 35 cm and a weight which must be lower than 4 kg,
    • The Standard Dachshund: his chest size is 35 cm and his ideal weight is between 6 and 7 kg but a tolerance is conceded up to 9 kg at most.
  • Different dresses :
    • Harlequin: it is a rare dress in the Dachshund,
    • Unicolor : charcoal or not, from red to fawn,
    • Bicolor: it can be a brown and tan peppered color that we call boar, or a black and tan, or even a chocolate brown and tan.

Main characteristics of Group 4 dogs

All Dachshunds are German Basset Hounds. These are dogs born from various crossbreeds, the first (short-haired) dating from the 16th century. Dachshunds form a group by themselves because they cannot be classified in any other group. They have very specific characteristics that are not found in any other dog breed.

They are small dogs that have been around since the Middle Ages and are known for their willpower, alertness, dynamism and agility. Excellent companions, Dachshunds were used to hunt foxes and badgers. And for that, you really don't need to lack courage! It's no wonder that they are all excellent hunters, both underground and on land. The Dachshund is neither timid nor aggressive. It is very appreciated for its many qualities, knowing that it is well balanced in terms of character.

As far as the morphology of these dogs is concerned, it is compact and close to the ground, as the expression goes, which is why Dachshunds are said to be ellipometric, and the profile of these little dogs is straight. Their legs are short, their body is long with a nice musculature. The Dachshund has a high head carriage that gives him a certain presence, a rather haughty look.

Many generations remember Patapouf, absolutely touching, who is none other than the short-haired Dachshund of the eponymous character of "Martine", whose first album was released in 1954. Of course, we can't forget Marcel Marlier (1930 - 2011), a genius cartoonist who knew how to give life to all these characters.