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Dogs of the group 7 : pointing dogs, which particularities ?

Group 7 includes 37 dog breeds according to the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) and only 36 according to the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). They are categorized in 2 sections. These are hunting dogs of course, all of them being recognized for their innate ability to stop when spotting game, especially birds. Let's take a closer look at these continental, British and Irish pointing dogs that make up this group 7.

First section of group 7: continental pointing dogs

Three categories make up this first section: the Braque type, the Spaniel type and the Griffon type.

Braque type

  • Braque Francais Gascogne type of large size
  • French Pyrenean type small-sized pointer
  • Braque bourbonnais,
  • Braque d'Ariège
  • Braque d'Auvergne
  • Braque Saint-Germain
  • Braque italien
    • roan-brown
    • white-orange
  • Braque de Burgos
  • Portuguese Pointer
  • Danish ancestral pointing dog
  • Pudelpointer
  • German Wirehaired Pointer
  • German Wirehaired Pointer
  • Weimar Pointer
    • Long-haired pointing dog
    • Short-haired pointing dog
  • German Shorthaired Pointer
  • Slovakian wirehaired pointer
  • Hungarian wirehaired pointer (Vizsla wirehaired)
  • Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer (Vizsla Shorthair)

Spaniel type

  • French Spaniel
  • Blue Picardy Spaniel
  • Brittany Spaniel
    • white and orange
    • Other colors
  • Saint-Usuge Spaniel (dog breed not included in the list of the Fédération Cynologique Internationale but recognized by the Société Centrale Canine)
  • Picardy Spaniel
  • Pont-Audemer Spaniel
  • Small Munsterlander
  • Large Munsterlander
  • German Longhaired Pointer
  • Drente partridge dog
  • Friesian Pointer

Griffon type

  • Wirehaired Pointing Dog Korthals
  • Czech Bearded Dog
  • Spinone
    • roan-brown
    • white-orange

Second section of group 7: British and Irish pointing dogs

This section consists of two categories of pointing dogs, namely Pointer and Setter.

Pointer

  • English Pointer

Setter

  • Red Irish Setter
  • Red and white Irish Setter
  • Gordon Setter
  • English Setter

Main characteristics of Group 7 dogs

These pointing dogs have an extremely developed sense of smell that allows them to search for game, and as soon as it is spotted, they stop. This is not an attitude acquired through long training but absolutely instinctive. To indicate to his master the location of the game, the dog stops, then points his muzzle towards it. The name of some dogs of group 7 contains the appropriate vocabulary such as pointing, and the category itself (pointing dog) is very evocative.

These dogs are loyal, love company, are willing, intelligent, live well in a pack and are very easy to train (educate). Their ideal master is active, preferably he likes hunting and does it regularly or, failing that, spends a good part of his time outdoors with his little companion. It is better to abstain if you are very sedentary and it should also be noted that the pointing dog does not fulfill the function of simple pleasure dog. He is much happier hunting and is very docile.

Group 6 dogs: hounds and bloodhounds, what are the particularities?

This group 6 is composed of sporting dog breeds. These dogs, whose predatory instinct is very developed, are used for hunting or guarding. Here is an overview of the dogs in Group 6.

First section of Group 6: Hounds

This section 1 of Group 6 is divided into 3 sub-sections: large hounds, medium hounds and small hounds.

Large Hounds (Section 1 - Group 6)

  • French white and black
  • French white and orange
  • French tricolor
  • Billy
  • Great Anglo-French white and black
  • Great Anglo-French white and orange
  • Great Anglo-French tricolor
  • Great Vendéen griffon
  • Great blue of Gascony
  • Great Gascon saintongeois
  • Poitevin
  • English Foxhound
  • Otterhound
  • St. Hubert's Hound American Foxhound
  • Black and Tan Coonhound

Medium sized hounds (section 1 - Group 6)

  • Blue Griffon of Gascony
  • Griffon fauve de Bretagne
  • Nivernais Griffon
  • Anglo-French small game hound
  • Beagle-Harrier
  • Bruno Saint Hubert Français (note that this breed is recognized by the SCC but not by the FCI)
  • Artois Dog
  • Porcelain
  • Small blue of Gascony
  • Small gascon saintongeois
  • Briquet griffon vendéen
  • Ariegeois
  • Spanish hound
  • Austrian black and tan hound
  • Styrian wirehaired hound
  • Tyrolean Hound (Tiroler Bracke)
  • Istrian wirehaired hound
  • Istrian Shorthaired Hound
  • Posavatz Hound
  • Bosnian wirehaired hound, called Barak
  • Italian Shorthaired Hound
  • Italian wirehaired hound
  • Finnish Hound
  • Polish Hound (Ogar Polski)
  • Polish Hound
  • Greek Hound
  • Norwegian Hound
  • Halden Hound
  • Hygenian Hound
  • Serbian Tricolor Hound
  • Montenegrin Mountain Hound
  • Serbian Hound
  • Hamilton Hound
  • Schiller's Hound
  • Småland Hound
  • Swiss Hound (Schweizer Laufhund)
  • Transylvanian Hound
  • Lucerne Hound, Schwyz Hound (Bernese Hound, Bruno du Jura, Hound)
  • Slovakian Hound

Small Hounds (Section 1 - Group 6)

  • Basset artesian normand
  • Basset bleu de Gascogne
  • Basset fauve de Bretagne
  • Great Basset griffon vendéen
  • Small Basset griffon vendéen
  • Basset Hound
  • Beagle
  • Drever (Swedish Basset)
  • Small Swiss Hound
  • Small Lucerne Hound, Small Schwyz Hound (Bernese Hound, Jura Hound)
  • German Hound (Deutsche Bracke)
  • Westphalian Basset Hound

Section 2 of Group 6: Bloodhounds

This section 2 has only 3 dog breeds. Bloodhounding is a hunting technique that consists of tracking wounded game so that it can be finished off by hunters in order to shorten its suffering. These dogs undergo a BST (Bloodhound Aptitude Test) and if they pass, a mention is added to their pedigree.
  • Alpenländische Dachsbracke
  • Bavarian Mountain Bloodhound (Bayrischer Gebirgsschweisshund)
  • Hannoveraner Schweisshund (Hannover'scher Schweisshund)

Third section of Group 6: Related breeds

Only 2 dog breeds represent this section 3 and are used for guarding as well as for hunting due to their great versatility.
  • Dalmatian
  • Rhodesian Ridgeback

Main characteristics of Group 6 dogs

These dogs are hardworking, dynamic, intelligent, and have great tenacity. They are obedient, dedicated, have incredible stamina, and are known for their exceptional scent. It is no wonder that they are excellent companions for hunters.

Accustomed to the great outdoors, Group 6 dogs are nonetheless - for most of them - good companions that adapt perfectly to a family life with attentive but firm and consistent masters, because these dogs need to be channeled. It is better not to be sedentary to raise this type of small companion in order to be able to meet its great need for exercise.

Group 5 dogs: Spitz and Primitive, what are the particularities?

Group 5 is divided into 8 sections, the dog breeds being grouped according to their morphology, while the other groups have been constituted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) according to the aptitudes of the canines. Here is the list of Spitz and Primitive type dogs found in Group 5, section by section, and their main characteristics.

First section of Group 5: Nordic Sled Dogs

We find here 4 dog breeds.
  • Alaskan malamute
  • Syberian Husky
  • Greenland Dog
  • Samoyed

Second section of Group 5: Nordic hunting dogs

This section consists of 10 dog breeds.
  • Karelian bear dog
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Russian-European Laika
  • West Siberian Laika
  • East Siberian Laika
  • Norwegian grey elk dog
  • Norwegian Puffin Dog
  • Norwegian black moose dog
  • Swedish Elkhound or Jämthund
  • Norrbotten Spitz

Third Section of Group 5: Nordic Guard and Sheepdogs

It includes 6 dog breeds.
  • Visigoth Spitz or Swedish Vallhund
  • Swedish Lapphund
  • Icelandic Sheepdog
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Norwegian Buhund

Fourth section of Group 5: European Spitz

This section includes the following breeds:
  • German Spitz (Deutscher Spitz):
    • Wolf Spitz,
    • Large white, brown or black Spitz
    • Medium Spitz white, wolf/grey shaded, brown or black, orange and other colors
    • Small Spitz white, brown or black, wolf/grey, orange and other colors
    • Pomeranian Spitz any color
  • Italian Volpino

Fifth section of Group 5: Asian Spitz and relatives

There are 12 dog breeds in this section.
  • Eurasier
  • Chow Chow
  • Bangkaew of Thailand
  • Japanese Spitz
  • Kai ken
  • Kishu Inu
  • Shiba Inu
  • Akita Inu
  • American Akita
  • Shikoku
  • Hokkaido Inn
  • Korean Jindo

Sixth section of Group 5: Primitive type

This section consists of 5 dog breeds.
  • Peruvian Hairless Dog
    • Large
    • Medium
    • Small
  • Mexican Hairless Dog
    • Standard
    • Intermediate
    • Miniature
  • Basenji
  • Pharaoh's dog
  • Canaan Dog

Seventh section of Group 5: Primitive hunting type

6 dog breeds constitute this section.
  • Corsican Dog Cursinu
  • Cirneco of Etna
  • Canary Cattle Dog or Podenco of the Canary Islands
  • Balearic Cattle Dog or Ibizan Podenco
    • wirehaired
    • Smooth-haired dog
  • Portuguese Podengo or Portuguese wild dog
    • large, long-haired and rough, short-haired and smooth
    • medium longhaired, smooth shorthaired
    • small longhair, smooth shorthair
  • Taiwan Dog

Group 5, section 8: Primitive type hunting dogs with linear back spike

This section has only 1 dog breed.
  • Mahtai or Thai Dorsal Crested Dog

Main characteristics of Group 5 dogs

Spitz-type dogs can be recognized by their tails, which they carry either curled over their backs or erect, and by their thick, soft coat. Their head is fine, their muzzle is pointed, and their ears are straight and triangular.

The dogs of the other sections of group 5 have only a few similarities with the Spitz, but they differ mainly because they were domesticated much longer ago. In addition, the domestication of these dogs is less marked, so they are not very well trained. They are sometimes considered as semi-wild breeds, hence the term "primitive", as their natural instincts are still quite present.

In the vast majority of cases, the dogs of this group are proud, quite independent. They are relatively wary of strangers, either out of shyness or fear, and they are recognized as having characteristics quite similar to those of the cat. This is why some breeders even give them the nickname of cat-dogs. We quickly realize that group 5 dogs have only one master to whom they are faithful, but sometimes have difficulty showing affection with other people.

Nevertheless, this group of dogs are endearing companions, capable of being protective of their adopted family members, especially children.

Which master for group 5 dogs?

These dogs must be trained with tact, patience, consistency, and in no case by bullying because they have a strong character. It is necessary to be careful before adopting a group 5 dog, the most biting being without question the Chow-chow. But besides this fact, you should not only be bewitched by their beauty. Too many people take in a sled dog because it is indeed fascinating, but do not have the disposition or knowledge to become the ideal owner of this type of dog.

Adopting one of these dog breeds requires careful consideration. These animals need peace and quiet because they are quite distant, but they also need a dynamic master because they need activity. The trust must absolutely be reciprocal so that master and dog become accomplices and are happy.

Group 4 dogs: Dachshunds, what are the particularities?

Group 4 has very few dog breeds since it only includes Dachshunds, as established by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Société Centrale Canine (SCC). It should be noted, however, that three varieties of Dachshunds are allowed and different types of coats.

Group 4 dogs: Dachshunds

As surprising as it may seem, Group 4 is made up of Dachshunds and... only Dachshunds, so unclassifiable that they are enough to form a group on their own. The following are allowed:
  • Different textures:
    • The long-haired Dachshund,
    • The short-haired Dachshund,
    • The wire-haired Dachshund.
  • Different sizes:
    • The Kaninchen Dachshund: it is the smallest with a maximum chest size of 30 cm and a weight less than or equal to 3.5 kg,
    • The Dachshund : not very big either, it has a chest circumference of 30 to 35 cm and a weight which must be lower than 4 kg,
    • The Standard Dachshund: his chest size is 35 cm and his ideal weight is between 6 and 7 kg but a tolerance is conceded up to 9 kg at most.
  • Different dresses :
    • Harlequin: it is a rare dress in the Dachshund,
    • Unicolor : charcoal or not, from red to fawn,
    • Bicolor: it can be a brown and tan peppered color that we call boar, or a black and tan, or even a chocolate brown and tan.

Main characteristics of Group 4 dogs

All Dachshunds are German Basset Hounds. These are dogs born from various crossbreeds, the first (short-haired) dating from the 16th century. Dachshunds form a group by themselves because they cannot be classified in any other group. They have very specific characteristics that are not found in any other dog breed.

They are small dogs that have been around since the Middle Ages and are known for their willpower, alertness, dynamism and agility. Excellent companions, Dachshunds were used to hunt foxes and badgers. And for that, you really don't need to lack courage! It's no wonder that they are all excellent hunters, both underground and on land. The Dachshund is neither timid nor aggressive. It is very appreciated for its many qualities, knowing that it is well balanced in terms of character.

As far as the morphology of these dogs is concerned, it is compact and close to the ground, as the expression goes, which is why Dachshunds are said to be ellipometric, and the profile of these little dogs is straight. Their legs are short, their body is long with a nice musculature. The Dachshund has a high head carriage that gives him a certain presence, a rather haughty look.

Many generations remember Patapouf, absolutely touching, who is none other than the short-haired Dachshund of the eponymous character of "Martine", whose first album was released in 1954. Of course, we can't forget Marcel Marlier (1930 - 2011), a genius cartoonist who knew how to give life to all these characters.

Group 3 dogs: Terriers, what are the particularities?

Group 3 (Terriers) includes 34 dog breeds as recognized by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and is the exact reflection of the list communicated by the Société Centrale Canine (SCC). This Group 3 is divided into four sections, each grouping breeds of dogs with similarities either in terms of use or morphological criteria. Here is everything you need to know about Group 3, which includes only Terrier-type canines whose primary function is digging.

First section of Group 3: Large and Medium Terriers

The fifteen dog breeds in Section 1 are very lively and agile.
  • Kerry Blue Terrier
  • Irish Terrier
  • Irish Glen of Imaal Terrier
  • Irish Soft Coated Wheaten Terrier
  • Terrier brasileiro
  • Parson Russel Terrier
  • Manchester Terrier
  • Fox Terrier Smooth
  • Fox Terrier Wire
  • Lakeland Terrier
  • Border Terrier
  • Airedale Terrier
  • Welsh Terrier
  • Bedlington Terrier
  • Deutscher Jagdterrier

Second section of Group 3: Small Terriers

This second section includes twelve dog breeds.
  • Jack Russel Terrier (wire-haired, wire-haired or smooth-haired)
  • Nihon Teria
  • West Highland White Terrier
  • Scottish Terrier
  • Cairn Terrier
  • Sealyham Terrier
  • Norwich Terrier
  • Norfolk Terrier
  • Skye Terrier
  • Dandie Dinmont Terrier Xxx
  • Ceský Teriér or Czech Terrier (either blue-grey or light brown)
  • Australian Terrier

Third section of Group 3: Bull Terriers

Here are four Group 3 dog breeds, three of which originated in Great Britain and one (the last one on the list) in the United States.
  • Miniature Bull Terrier
  • English Bull Terrier
  • Staffordshire Bull Terrier
  • American Staffordshire terrier

Fourth section of Group 3: Terriers of approval

This last section of Group 3 has only three dog breeds, small to medium sized dogs with a strong character.
  • Yorkshire Terrier
  • Australian Silky Terrier
  • English Toy Terrier black and tan

Main characteristics of Group 3 dogs

Group 3 dogs are Terriers. They have been used for a very long time to hunt vermin: to locate, track, flush out, dig up, even if this required the dog to infiltrate the den or bed of the animal in question. Group 3 dogs have provided many services, whether on ships, farms or homes. They are excellent hunters, but they have also proven themselves as herding dogs, such as the Border Terrier.

Independent, willing, courageous, they brave their fear. They have a good temperament, are full of dynamism, and are also very appreciated for their devotion and their intelligence which allows them to quickly understand the orders given by their master and to submit to them. They have a good liveliness of body and mind, so that they show a great reactivity.

Today, Group 3 dogs are mostly adopted as companion dogs. They are loyal and very attached to their master. They generally have a coat that requires very regular maintenance. As for the ideal master, he must be firm and energetic to impose himself in front of these whole characters and feel capable of educating this type of canine. But he must also like to share time with his little companion, play with him and take him out often.

Group 2 dogs: Pinscher, Schnauzer, Molossoids, what are the particularities?

Group 2 is made up of 69 dog breeds and variants, some of which seem at first glance to have no similarities between them because these dogs are physically very different from each other. Pinschers and Schnauzers rub shoulders with Molossoids, but also with Swiss Cattle Dogs (the other Cattle Dogs belong to Group 1). The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) has established this classification by taking into account their historical functions, as the dogs in Group 2 were all originally used to protect herds but also people and their property. Let's take a look at these guard dogs of all sizes.

First section of Group 2: Pinscher and Schnauzer type

The dog breeds in this section 1 are very lively and agile.

Subsection 1 : Pinscher

  • German Pinscher
  • Austrian Pinscher
  • Miniature Pinscher
  • Affenpinscher
  • Danish-Swedish Farmdog
  • Doberman
  • Schnauzer
  • Miniature Schnauzer
  • Giant Schnauzer
  • Dutch Smous (other names: Hollandse Smoushond or Dutch Griffon)
  • Black Russian Terrier

Subsection 2: Schnauzer

Subsection 3: Smoushond

Subsection 4: Chorny Terrier

Second section of Group 2 : Molossoids

These are powerful, very muscular and large dogs: a physique that imposes itself.

Subsection 1 : Great Dane

  • Great Dane
  • Argentinean Mastiff
  • Great Dane of Bordeaux
  • Majorcan Mastiff
  • Fila Brasileiro
  • Boxer
  • Broholmer
  • Presa Canario
  • Bulldog
  • Bullmastiff
  • Mastiff
  • Uruguayan Cimarron
  • Cane Corso italiano (Italian court dog)
  • Neapolitan Morning
  • Tosa
  • Fila de San Miguel
  • Rottweiler
  • Shar Pei

Subsection 2: Mountain

  • Leonberg dog
  • Tibetan Mastiff
  • Newfoundland dog
  • Saint Bernard
  • Hovawart
  • Landseer - Continental-European type
  • Spanish Matin
  • Matin des Pyrenees
  • Aïdi - Atlas Mountain Dog
  • Pyrenean Mountain Dog
  • Castro Laboreiro Mountain Dog
  • Serra da Estrela Mountain Dog
  • Kangal Shepherd Dog
  • Romanian Shepherd Dog of Bucovina
  • Yugoslavian Charplanina Shepherd Dog
  • Central Asian Shepherd Dog
  • Bosnian-Herzegovinian and Croatian Shepherd Dog
  • Caucasian Shepherd Dog
  • Karst Shepherd Dog
  • Rafeiro of Alentejo

Third section of Group 2: Swiss Cattle Dogs

Like the dogs of the two previous sections, they are very good guardians, faithful and devoted. Note that except for these four Swiss Cattle Dogs, all other Cattle Dogs are classified in section 2 of Group 1.
  • Great Swiss Mountain Dog
  • Entlebuch Cattle Dog
  • Bernese Mountain Dog
  • Appenzell Cattle Dog

Main characteristics of Group 2 dogs

The dogs of Group 2, as we can see, are divided into three sections. All these dogs have similar character traits and are considered good guardians. They are dynamic, strong-willed, intelligent and have a quick mind. They understand quickly the orders given to them, react without delay and are able to anticipate certain situations.

They are generally barking dogs since their role is to alert their master in case of imminent intrusion of a stranger. However, the loudest are the smallest. In this group 2, we notice that the dogs with imposing measurements are indeed the most discreet. But with such a morphology, they don't need to make much noise to impress. They are content to remain discreetly vigilant.

Which owner for Group 2 dogs?

Group 2 dogs need to be channeled and trained. It is best to have a good knowledge of these breeds of dogs so as not to make mistakes in their training.

These are dogs with many qualities, but these qualities can be wasted if their owners lack knowledge in this area, are clumsy and/or do not give them the attention they need. Also, these dogs are not suitable for people who want to push their guard dog instinct to the limit, as they may become impulsive or even very aggressive.

If you don't have a minimum of expertise in training this type of canine, it's best to entrust the training of your little companion to an experienced dog trainer or to choose a dog from another group.