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The Belgian Shepherd Malinois, sporty, cunning and hardworking dog

The Malinois is known for its liveliness and intelligence. But that's not all! It is also a great sportsman, a very cunning dog that will always try to accomplish tasks. Because of its innumerable abilities, the Malinois is nowadays very much in demand by the forces of order. It can also evolve in families, provided that it enjoys regular physical activities.

Characteristics of the Malinois

The Malinois belongs to the large family of Belgian Shepherds as well as the Tervueren (short hair of charcoal color and fawn), the Laekenois (rough hair of charcoal color and fawn) and the Groenendael (long hair and black). It is distinguished by its short hair and its fawn coat shaded with a grey to brown color. With a harmonious physique and a slender silhouette, the Malinois has a straight head with two small triangular ears. The eyes are medium-sized, almond-shaped and dark in color. The muzzle is long and the stop is not very pronounced. The standard of the race wants that the Malinois carries a black mask on the face.

History of the Belgian Shepherd Dog Malinois

The Malinois has its origins in Belgium. Namely, sheepdogs have existed for nearly a century in the country. However, they had different physical appearances. At the dawn of the 20th century, breeders, under the leadership of veterinarian Adolphe Reul, decided to improve the morphology of these dogs, which eventually gave birth to the four types of Belgian Shepherd Dogs. The year 1892 marks a turning point since the first standard will be fixed at this date. The registration to the LOOF will be done nine years later.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Malinois

Overflowing with vitality, very vigilant and always on the alert, the Malinois has many qualities that have earned it the recognition of the forces of law and order, which call on it for all sorts of tasks. This dog is always ready for action and is very protective of its owners. Moreover, it is preferable to educate and socialize him from a young age to avoid that he attacks all the people who come too close to you.

The Malinois has all the necessary aptitudes to be an excellent dog for defense, shepherding, guarding or service. It is neither aggressive nor timid and can evolve perfectly with children. On the other hand, it will be necessary to envisage a large house with garden to accomodate it as well as very regular sessions of walk.

Feeding and main health problems of the Belgian Shepherd Malinois

The Malinois is a hardy breed particularly robust. No specific disease is attributed to it even if, as for all the large dogs, it can potentially be touched by a dysplasia of the hip. But here again, the Malinois is less prone to this disease, compared to other dogs of this size.

The diet should be adapted to the sporting nature of the Malinois. Many nutrients, especially carbohydrates and proteins, are essential for its proper development.

Vaginal tumor in the female dog: causes, symptoms and treatment

Outside of the periods of heat and the days preceding whelping in pregnant females, vulval discharge should be a cause for concern because it can be a sign of a vaginal tumor. It is essential to consult the veterinarian without delay because the prognosis is vital in the case of an aggressive tumor. But when it is benign, the prognosis is obviously favorable. However, this does not exempt you from having your female dog treated. Let's take stock of the situation.

Vaginal tumor in female dogs: causes

This is a rare type of tumor in the female dog, since it represents only 3% of tumors in the dog species. Vaginal tumors are mostly found in female dogs over 8 years of age. 7 to 9 out of 10 of these tumors are benign. The rest are malignant.

Regardless, a vaginal tumor in female dogs can be:
  • A Sticker sarcoma, which is a venereal (sexually transmitted) tumor, in fact it is the most common malignant tumor in the female dog,
  • A lipoma,
  • A fibroleiomyoma tumor, by far the most frequent case in terms of benign tumor.
The main cause of most of these tumors is hormonal since they are usually hormone-dependent tumors.

Vaginal tumor in female dogs: symptoms

A vaginal tumor can interfere with the function of the surrounding organs. It is not uncommon for it to cause localized neurological disorders or rectal and/or urethral compression, the latter of which can lead to urinary symptoms.

The female dog with a vaginal tumor has specific symptoms, such as
  • Unwanted licking of the vulva,
  • Discharge of blood,
  • Discharge of pus,
  • Difficulty urinating,
  • Constipation,
  • Vaginal ptosis, which can lead to vaginal prolapse, which means that the tissue of the vaginal walls protrudes between the vulvar lips,
  • A deformity of the perineum.
When the female dog presents one or more of these symptoms, it is important to consult the veterinarian as soon as possible so that the animal benefits from a fast management.

Vaginal tumor in female dogs: treatment

During the consultation, the veterinarian first performs a vaginal touch and then continues his investigations with a speculum that allows a visual exploration of the vaginal cavity. The vaginoscopic examination is followed by a blood test, an ultrasound to verify the extent of the tumor, and a biopsy to confirm the diagnosis.

Once the tumor is localized, the treatment is surgical. In some cases, an episiotomy is performed to facilitate resection and visualization. To limit the risk of recurrence, the professional may decide to perform an ovariohysterectomy, which is the removal of the ovaries and uterus. This eliminates the recurrence of this type of tumor since this procedure directly impacts hormone dependency. However, after the surgical treatment, radiation therapy is often necessary.

It should be noted that ovariohysterectomy is also performed in cases of sterilization, not only in female dogs with vaginal tumors. It is a protective health measure because it has many beneficial effects. It prevents vaginal tumors and many other problems. This is why it is highly recommended and can be done as soon as possible if the owner does not intend to breed the female dog.

Some tumors appear during the cycle and then regress spontaneously. But they too require a consultation. It is important to remember that in some cases a tumor can lead to significant tissue damage. The treatment of this type of pathology can be very expensive. It is therefore essential to insure your female dog with a health insurance company in order to be reimbursed totally or at least partially for the expenses incurred.

The Peruvian Naked Dog, hairless dog

The Peruvian Hairless Dog has its followers, but also its detractors. The opinions are mixed on this dog because of its aspect somewhat particular since the canid is deprived of hairs. In addition to this original physique, it stands out by its loyalty and its joy of living.

Characteristics of the Peruvian Hairless Dog

One thing is sure: the Peruvian Hairless Dog does not pass unnoticed. But before approaching the particularities which make its originality, let us speak initially about its size. In the standard, it has three variations: small (25 to 40 cm), medium (40 to 50 cm) and large (50 to 65 cm). The dog has a slender and refined physique that also expresses speed, harmony and strength. It presents a fine head of lupoid form with a relatively accentuated stop. The eyes are almond-shaped and of intermediate size. The color ranges from black to yellow depending on the coat. The ears are also of intermediate size and rather carried upright. They are wide at the base and thinner at the ends. As its name implies, the Peruvian Hairless Dog is recognizable by the absence of hair, which is rare among dogs. The standard admits the presence of some traces on the tail, the end of the limbs and the head. It should be noted that more and more breeders are producing dogs with short and tight hair on the body. Besides the nakedness, most of these animals are also affected by congenital alopecia and have incomplete dentition.

History of the Peruvian Hairless Dog

Coming from Peru, the Peruvian Hairless Dog has rather vague origins. Several hypotheses are advanced to explain its origin. It is said that it would have landed in America with the African nomads. However, other versions tell that it would have been introduced during the Chinese immigration towards the end of the XVIIIth century. Another hypothesis speaks of the relationship between the migration of Asians to America and the presence of this dog. It was not until 1985 that the Naked Dog was officially recognized as being of Peruvian origin.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Peruvian Hairless Dog

The Peruvian Hairless Dog makes a great pet. It is a faithful, playful dog that appreciates the calm of family homes. It can become a dream companion for children towards whom it shows itself protective. At the same time, it assures very well its role for the company with the old people. It is a dog that is not difficult and that can live as well in a house with garden as in an apartment. However, it should not be left outside in harsh climates because of the fragility of its skin.

Nutrition and main health problems of the Peruvian Hairless Dog

The Peruvian Hairless Dog has a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years. It has no specific health problem and is appreciated for its robustness. It simply needs its skin to be protected against UV rays, because the absence of hair makes it sensitive. On the other hand, it tends to be very greedy and its rations are thus to be supervised to avoid the overweight.

The Greenland Dog or Greenlander, perfect sled dog

The Greenland Dog has all the physical characteristics of the Spitz. He is made for the work of a sled dog, but he can also be an affectionate pet, faithful, present and full of joy of life. It is also effective for guarding and hunting.

Characteristics of the Greenland Dog

The Greenland Dog has a strongly built body with a powerful and robust physique. On average, it measures between 55 and 65 cm and weighs between 25 and 35 kg. The standard accepts variability in size as long as it does not compromise the harmony of the animal and its physical abilities. This Polar Spitz has a head resembling a fox. The skull is domed and more or less wide with a stop accentuated without excess which gives an impression of power. The muzzle is wedge-shaped. It becomes narrower when reaching the nose and ends with a big dark nose. This same color is visible at the level of the eyes. The eyes are of medium size without being too deep set or prominent. They express a strong self-confidence and frankness. The ears of the Greenland Dog are rather small and triangular in shape with a round tip. The dog has a long coat on the tail and body and shorter on the legs and head. The coat can show any color except merle markings.

History of the Greenland Dog breed

The Greenland Dog is a particularly ancient breed that originated in Alaska, Siberia and Canada. Archaeological research has discovered its existence 4 or 5 millennia ago. It would have landed on the Arctic coastal areas with the Sarqaq Inuit. By proceeding to a dating with carbon 14, the scientists were even able to establish the presence of the animal 7000 years ago before J.-C. on the Siberian islands. Mainly used as a sled dog, it will intervene in the hunt for seals and polar bears. It also reveals a passion for walking in the wilderness, making it perfect for hiking enthusiasts. Despite its age, this dog is little known outside its native land.

Living requirements and behavior of the Greenland Dog

The Greenland Dog has several qualities that are appreciated as a pet. It is kind to children, develops affection for its owners and is friendly even with strangers. For this reason, it is not totally recommended as a guard dog. As he tends to be independent and proud, he needs a calm and firm education. As for its lifestyle, the Greenland Dog cannot live confined in an apartment. It is a sled dog that needs to run in wide open spaces and in nature.

Diet and main health problems of the Greenland Dog

The Greenland Dog can live up to 12 years on average. It is a particularly robust animal, affected by no hereditary pathology. Its only weak point is its hips which can be affected by dysplasia. As for food, if the dog works a lot, an important proteinic contribution is required.

Vinegar to treat fleas in dogs: explanations

The slightest walk outside can lead to an infestation of the dog by fleas. These parasites, which cause itching and infections, are, for some of them at least, transmissible to humans. Therefore, there is no question of letting them colonize the dog's skin or the home of its owners. To put an end to these undesirables, vinegar is an effective natural solution, both as a preventive and curative measure. Let's take stock of the situation.

Diseases transmitted to the dog by fleas

It is important to react as soon as possible when your dog has fleas, and if possible to use a preventive solution to protect him against these parasites because they can transmit many diseases among which :
  • DAPP or Dermatitis by Allergy to Flea Bites,
  • A skin disease, namely the bacterial Pyoderma,
  • Tapeworm (Dipylidium caninum) if the dog ingests fleas that are themselves contaminated by larvae,
  • Anemia when the dog is victim of a massive infestation...
Moreover, as fleas are itchy, this inevitably leads to superinfection of the wounds due to sustained scratching.

Treating your dog's fleas with vinegar is therefore essential to preserve the health of your little friend.

Prevent fleas with vinegar

Prevention is better than cure! To limit the risks of seeing your dog bring back fleas after a walk in the garden or in the grassy meadows, it is strongly recommended to resort to prevention. Of course, there are treatment products that can be obtained in pharmacies or directly from the veterinarian, but it is simply better to open your kitchen cupboard to find the rare pearl: a bottle of white vinegar whose price defies all competition since a liter costs only 50 cents of euros!

You can prepare a preventive potion by mixing one part vinegar and one part water in a spray bottle. All you have to do is apply this solution to the animal's fur and rub the product into the hair. Vinegar is safe to use. Note that it is possible to prepare the same lotion by replacing the white vinegar with cider vinegar which also works very well.

Treating dog fleas with vinegar

When the damage is done, you don't have to wait to treat the flea infestation. One of the most effective natural methods is to:
  • Give the dog a bath with warm water and pet shampoo,
  • End the bath with a shower to rinse the hair thoroughly,
  • Dry the dog with a well absorbent towel,
  • Apply the water/vinegar mixture (white or cider) to the entire coat with a washcloth, avoiding the nose and eye area and taking care not to spray the lotion inside the dog's ears,
  • Take a break for about 15 minutes,
  • Comb the animal with a flea comb to eliminate all the parasites. They must be put in a bottle of undiluted cider this time to avoid spreading in the house. Then simply close the bottle and throw it away.
  • Finish the flea treatment by rinsing the dog again in the shower with lukewarm water and then drying it as usual,
  • Brush the coat again when it is dry to remove dead parasites.
Cider vinegar is particularly recommended because it makes the coat silky and shiny. The operation can be repeated a few days later if you notice that not all fleas have been eliminated.

It is advisable to protect yourself before starting this flea treatment. Ideally, you should put on a long-sleeved T-shirt and cover the bottom of your pants with socks. This way, the parasites dislodged by the vinegar treatment will not be able to take refuge on the skin of the master!

The Central Asian Shepherd Dog, a dog full of tenacity and pride

The Central Asian Shepherd is a dog full of tenacity and pride. If you are looking for an unusual breed, this is the ideal dog because in France, births are still very rare.

Characteristics of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd is a robust and vigorous animal that stands out for its large size. It measures between 60 and 75 cm for the females with a minimum weight of 40 kg and between 65 and 75 cm for the males with a weight of at least 50 kg. In addition to a massive and somewhat coarse construction, the dog has a voluminous musculature and a body as long as high. The head is triangular and proportional to the body, giving off massiveness. The forehead is flat, the skull rather long and flat also. It is matched by a truncated, voluminous and robust muzzle, a black or light nose depending on the color of the coat and a developed jaw. The eyes are spaced between them, of medium size and pulling towards the brown-hazel. The ears are set high, triangular, of medium size and carried hanging. The Central Asian Shepherd has a dense, coarse and straight coat. On the limbs and head, the hair is well furnished, but short. The coat can be any color except brown and blue.

History of the Central Asian Shepherd Dog

The Central Asian Shepherd is a discovery of the Russians. It is an extremely old breed. It is said that the dog is the result of 4000 years of natural selection. Its temperament and physique have been progressively built over time by its natural environment and the climate it had to face. This dog would be born from a cross between a native shepherd dog and a Tibetan mastiff. The most known subjects come from Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Afghanistan. This is the kind of animal that you don't meet at every street corner, especially in France and in Europe, since each year, only 6 registrations on average are recorded in the LOF (Livre des Origines Fran├žais).

Living conditions and behavior of the Central Asian Shepherd

The Central Asian Shepherd has a tender and balanced temperament. He is attached to his masters, but is not a glue pot. It is full of tenacity, pride and confidence, which makes it an excellent guard dog. This shepherd knows how to keep calm and does not start barking without reason. But he will do the right thing if he feels the situation demands it. Protective, he is suspicious of strangers. This dog needs large spaces to be fully developed. Nevertheless, it can live in an apartment provided that it is taken out several times a day to run around. But before considering this possibility, it is better to consider its large size.

Food and main health problems of the Central Asian Shepherd

The Central Asian Shepherd is considered a resistant and robust animal. There are very few pathologies that can affect it, except for hip dysplasia, which is specific to large dogs. This breed is also distinguished by its slow growth. It reaches its maturity only at three years. Its diet must be adapted to this particularity.