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The Braque Saint-Germain, sociable dog

Specialized in hunting with feathers and excellent in hunting with fur, the Braque Saint-Germain is a hit for its versatility. At home, it is an outstanding pet that distinguishes itself by its sociability and its nobility. Even the youngest children can count on him.

Characteristics of the Braque Saint-Germain


The Saint-Germain Pointer shows its authenticity by its elegant and powerful physique. This medium-sized dog has a well-developed bone structure and musculature. It is relatively medium in size and is between 54 and 62 cm. It weighs between 18 and 26 kg but it depends on the sex and the age. The Braque Saint-Germain gives off nobility accentuated by its head with a slightly rounded skull, a slightly marked stop and a developed occiput. The pink truffle as well as the lips are wide while the jaws are powerful. The round eyes are large and reveal an expression of sweetness and frankness. Their golden yellow shade makes their particularity. The dog has ears of intermediate size with round tips. The Braque Saint-Germain has a short coat revealing a beautiful white dress punctuated by fawn touches.

History of the Braque Saint-Germain breed


The Braque Saint-Germain is a French breed created by Jean Charles Nicolas de Larminat. It appeared in the XIXth century in the forest of Compiègne and would be resulting from a crossing between French braques and English pointers. The existence of the breed is mentioned since the time of Charles X who was an avid hunter. Moreover, the Braque Saint-Germain saw its popularity increase tenfold at the beginning of the 20th century among hunting enthusiasts. It was so successful that in 1913, a club in its honor was created. Like many dog breeds, it was close to extinction during the First World War. Its official recognition by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) dates from 1954.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Braque Saint-Germain


The Braque Saint-Germain excels in hunting activities. Indeed, it develops an exceptional sense of smell which enables it to track game in different terrains. As a pet, it is the dog that we would all dream of having. It is sociable, affectionate and sensitive. It is also recognized balance and docility. He is obedient, which makes his education more or less easy. But be careful, the Braque Saint-Germain does not tolerate violence and brutality. No question of mistreating him. It is necessary to be patient and gentle in order to obtain quicker results. As far as his lifestyle is concerned, the Braque Saint-Germain prefers houses with a garden. An evolution in apartments is possible only if regular outings are organized.

Food and main health problems of the Braque Saint-Germain


It is imperative to provide the Braque Saint-Germain with a quality diet to ensure its longevity. It is possible to choose between industrial food, homemade food or even a BARF diet. As far as his health is concerned, it is recommended to watch for the appearance of hip dysplasia, stomach torsion, ear infections or skin diseases.

What are the water needs of dogs? Our advice

It is very important to make sure that your dog drinks enough throughout the day and do not hesitate to consult your veterinarian if you notice that he is not drinking enough. Be aware that a dog's water needs vary depending on the weather conditions and many other factors. A dog that drinks too much may be sick. But what are the risks for a dog that drinks too little or not at all, and how can this be explained? What is the best water for your dog and how can you encourage him to drink if he is not thirsty? Let's find out.

Dogs: varying water needs


We consider that a dog in normal time must drink between 5 and 7 cl of water per kilo, that is to say for example :
  • From 30 to 42 cl for a 6 kg dog,
  • From 50 to 70 cl for a dog of 10 kg,
  • From 75 cl to 1 L for a dog of 15 kg,
  • From 1,5 to 2,10 L for a dog of 30 kg,
  • 3 to 4.2 L for a dog weighing 60 kg,
  • 5 L and more for a dog weighing 80 kg.
These quantities vary according to the following factors:

  • Environmental temperatures: the needs increase in case of strong heat,
  • Breastfeeding in the bitch: a nursing bitch that does not drink enough milk produces less milk. It should be noted that during the reproductive period the bitch drinks up to 3 times more than usual,
  • Diet: dry food such as kibble requires the dog to drink at least the quantities specified above, and if the food is rich in water (wet food such as homemade preparations or dog food), it is normal for him to drink much less,
  • Growth: young dogs need twice as much water as adult dogs,
  • Body temperature: a dog with a fever tends to drink more than usual,
  • Health conditions: some diseases increase the sensation of thirst in dogs, so they consume more water. Excessive thirst is a symptom called polydipsia. Examples of these diseases include:
    • Gastroenteritis,
    • Diabetes,
    • Kidney failure,
    • Liver failure,
    • Potomania (in this case, it is more of a ritual found in dogs with hyperactivity),
    • Pyometra (bitch),
    • Hypercorticism,
    • Cushing's syndrome,
    • Certain malignant tumors.
The more active a dog's metabolism is, the more water it needs without being considered abnormal. Part of this water is evacuated through urine, feces, respiration, perspiration, and another part allows the proper functioning of the organs.

But under normal conditions, if a dog drinks more than necessary, it is essential to consult the veterinarian without delay in order to identify the cause. On the other hand, it is also necessary to consult urgently because there is a real danger when a dog drinks insufficiently. He risks dehydration, which means that his body is cruelly lacking water. After a few days, if the dog is still not drinking, it will die.

What is the best water for my dog?


The best drink to give your dog is water. You might as well give him the one he prefers. Tap water is fine, but if it has a yellowish color or a strong bleach taste, it is possible to give your dog bottled spring water. Some dogs have a fine palate and do not appreciate the taste of certain waters. The main thing is that he drinks regularly and sufficiently, so don't hesitate to buy the one that suits him best. It's the same for the choice of the container: if he prefers to drink in a transparent pot rather than an opaque one, don't worry about it.

The owner must make sure that his dog has free access to his water bowl at all times so that he can drink as soon as he feels the need. Water is the only essential drink for life. It must always be fresh and clean. So don't hesitate to empty the bowl during the day or just before bedtime to clean it thoroughly each day and renew the water.

How to encourage your dog to drink water?


A dog that does not drink enough water should be encouraged by his owner to drink more water or to rehydrate in another way. This is very important for the health of the animal, whatever its age. Different solutions work well.

Prepare your dog's meals yourself, for example with cooked zucchini, as these are very water-rich vegetables. If your dog likes the taste, you can also offer him watermelon cubes, provided they have been seeded beforehand.

Buy ready-to-use gel water, a product designed for people with swallowing problems, but which is very suitable for canines.

Use a pipette to drop small amounts of water directly into the dog's mouth throughout the day and night.

Place a few of his favorite treats around (and as close as possible to) his water bowl so that he will come close to it. It shouldn't take long for him to give the water a few licks, as it's cool as well as beneficial.

Put ice cubes in a new container. The surprise effect may encourage the dog to lick the ice cubes, and the freshness of the ice cubes is likely to encourage him to return.

Simply replace the water bowl with one that is completely different in shape, size and material, especially if the dog seems afraid to go near it. Some animals are afraid of their water bowl, because they have tipped it over several times, for example. Placing a mat under the bowl prevents the dog from pushing the bowl out of the way when he laps up the water, and this may be enough to reassure him.

Finally, it is important to know that if the dog refuses to drink, it may be that he is suffering from :
  • A behavioral problem. This is serious enough to justify an emergency consultation because none of the solutions listed above will encourage this type of profile to drink regularly.
  • Sensory deprivation syndrome which requires a real follow-up by a veterinary behaviorist. This is the case for :
    • Adipsia, i.e. a lack of thirst, a problem that may be related to a dysfunction of the pituitary gland or the hypothalamus,
    • Hypodipsia, a term used to describe the loss of the sensation of thirst.
It can be seen that there are many causes that can prevent a dog from drinking enough. We cannot encourage the owner enough to do everything possible to identify the cause. The veterinarian will diagnose the problem and then find the right treatment or other solution for the dog.

What is a dog club? What is the interest for the dog and his owner ?

Many dog owners tend to think that a dog trainer has the same functions as a dog club. This is far from the case. A dog club is a place where you can practice sports with your dog, learn the basics of dog training and education, but it is certainly not the place to rehabilitate dogs with behavioral problems. Nevertheless, there is a real interest in attending a good dog club. Let's take a look at it.

The main missions of a dog club


A dog club is a structure that welcomes owners and their dogs in order to allow them :
  • The practice of some dog sports: depending on the club it can be canicross, caniVTT, ring, etc.,
  • To work on an Agility course,
  • To learn the educational rudiments such as
  • Positions (standing, lying down, sitting),
  • Tracking,
  • Walking on foot without a leash,
  • Walking on a leash,
  • Responding to a recall from a distance,
  • Refusing any type of bait from a third party other than the master...
  • To receive general advice on the dog's sociability with other dogs, with other animals and of course with humans.
The objectives of a dog club are not :
  • To rehabilitate a difficult dog,
  • To solve behavioral problems.

Clubs for dogs without problems


In general, the exercises are supervised by volunteer instructors or facilitators. The work is based on the immersion of the dog and his owner in a group. A dog club is only suitable for the human-dog pair, provided that the animal is neither timid nor aggressive and does not pose any behavioral problems. In most dog clubs, the objectives and advice are common but not personalized (unless otherwise stated) and the exercises are addressed to all members present at the session.

The rudiments of dog training are always carried out in the form of a game. Thus, dog training is positive. No punishment is given to the animal if it refuses to participate or fails to complete an exercise. On the other hand, the dog is always praised when its owner is satisfied. At a serious dog club, the owner learns to be consistent in his request and to take into account the personality of his pet.

In order for the exercises learned in a dog club to be perfectly assimilated by the dog and for the dog to progress, it is highly recommended that the owners repeat them on a daily basis with their pet, outside the club.

Membership in a dog club : the documents to be produced


Theoretically, a dog club requires the production of supporting documents (copies) at the time of any application for membership, namely
  • The certificate of civil liability insurance (RC insurance),
  • The certificate of declaration to the town hall if the dog to be registered is in the 1st category (attack dogs) or the 2nd category (guard and defense dogs),
  • The vaccination booklet up to date,
  • The anti-rabies certificate.
The file must also contain two stamped envelopes with the name and address of the dog owner.

Choosing an affiliated dog club


Before registering, it is important to find out how the sessions are run and the status and training of the instructors. It can also be very useful to know the opinions of the members of the different clubs in the region on the way they operate, because this allows you to compare and choose the structure that will best meet your expectations and the needs of your dog.

Joining a serious dog club, which has an excellent reputation, is a good solution to learn to better understand the behavior of his little companion, his mode of communication, his needs. It is in any case very favorable to the master as well as to the dog who will gradually get to know each other and share time together. You may want to opt for a dog club affiliated to the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) or at least get information from this society to obtain the desired information.

Be careful not to confuse a dog club with a dog trainer, whose roles are quite different. It is not recommended to contact a dog club to learn how to solve behavioral problems in your dog for example. In this case, it is essential to turn to a specialized professional such as a canine behaviorist.

The Australian Kelpie, a dog with exceptional endurance

With exceptional stamina, the Australian Kelpie is muscular and slender with an average build compared to other sheepdogs. They are very good at working, but can also be a great family dog that is docile, obedient and full of energy.

Characteristics of the Australian Kelpie


Exhibiting a muscular, slender body, the Australian Kelpie has an average height ranging from 43 to 51 cm for a weight of 11 to 22 kg. It is a light-looking dog known to be full of zeal and very intelligent. It is said to be as cunning as a fox. This is not the only thing the two animals have in common. The Australian Kelpie has a head that is reminiscent of its carnivorous counterpart. The broad, slightly rounded skull has a nose in the same tones as the coat, a pronounced stop, round cheeks and tight lips. The dog has almond-shaped eyes that are neither too big nor too small and reveal vivacity and intelligence. The ears are of intermediate length, set wide apart and ending in a fine point. The short, hard and tight coat comes in a wide variety of shades: blue, red, black, chocolate brown, cream, red and tan, black and tan.

History of the Australian Kelpie breed


The Australian Kelpie is a breed that originated with sheep farmers in New South Wales. The breed is said to be the result of a cross between several strains originating from Scotland, such as the Shetland, the Bearded Collie, the Smithfield and the Collie. It was created to obtain a dog capable of adapting to the particularly harsh Australian conditions, especially with its immense territory and difficult climate. So many qualities found in the Kelpie and which contributed to its success in Australia. The recognition of this breed at the international level will be done only in 1997. In France, it is still not very widespread, although for a few years, some breedings have been developing.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Australian Kelpie


Provided that it has been properly educated, the Australian Kelpie is a very obedient animal, always ready to respond to its owners' requests. It is a breed with an exemplary behavior combining gentleness and loyalty. On the other hand, it can reveal mistrust towards strangers, that's why it can be used as a guard dog. The Australian Kelpie is protective, but not aggressive. It is also enduring, very energetic, even tireless. It is not made to live in an apartment and will prefer a life in the open air. Like all sheepdogs, this sporty dog needs a master capable of practicing different physical exercises with him.

The Australian Kelpie's diet and main health problems


The Australian Kelpie is described by the standard as being quite robust. However, it is important to watch out for the appearance of the Collie's eye anomaly which affects many sheepdogs. This condition causes joint difficulties and can result in blindness in the animal.

The Greyhound, a dog that symbolizes speed and flexibility

Power and elegance, these are the adjectives that can best describe the Greyhound. This harmoniously built dog is a symbol of speed and flexibility. Beyond his exceptional gallop, he is appreciated for his gentle, patient and sensitive character. On the other hand, being an active dog, it can only have sporty owners.

Characteristics of the Greyhound


The Greyhound cannot be mistaken for any other. It definitely stands out from other dog breeds because of its physique. Very vigorous, the animal has a large size that goes from 68 to 71 cm for a female and 71 to 76 cm for a male. Its weight varies from 20 to 38 kg according to the age and the sex. By its measurements, the Greyhound is one of the largest sighthounds. It is also distinguished by its exceptional physical abilities. It can run up to 70 km/h and chase a deer, a springbok and even a cheetah. It is said to be one of the fastest animals on earth. The Greyhound is recognizable by its long and thin head, typical of the Sighthounds. It has thin and small ears. The bright eyes have an oval and slanted shape. They are generally of dark color. As for the coat, it is short, tight and fine. The coat ranges from blue, red, white, black, brindle to pale fawn.

History of the Greyhound breed


The Greyhound has been known since ancient times, especially in ancient Egypt and Greece. At that time, it was the star of animal racing. Apart from dog racing, they are used to hunt deer, stag, hare and wild boar. It is said to be a descendant of the Arabian sighthound. The animal is gradually making its way into Europe. However, it is in the United Kingdom that it will know the most success, especially in coursing. Hare racing was very popular at the beginning of the 20th century. To this day, the Greyhound continues to demonstrate its talents in these events.

Living conditions and behavior of the Greyhound


The Greyhound is a very sensitive animal. They are very sensitive, so experts describe them as shy dogs. They are only open when they go for a run. This is a dog that lives for running. He can't stay in an apartment all day long and needs to run around outside all the time. He also needs to go out every day and walk at least 5 miles. Moreover, it is a soft and affectionate being in particular towards the children. It is of an unfailing loyalty and does not show any aggressiveness.

Diet and main health problems of the Greyhound


The Greyhound can be affected by certain diseases, including hereditary greyhound polyneuropathy. It can also be affected by hypothyroidism, gastric torsion and progressive retinal atrophy. Be careful, after the races, its paws must be the object of all the attentions, because they can present lesions due to the intense efforts. As far as food is concerned, this is not a very difficult dog. But it is preferable to give him industrial food of excellent qualities which bring all the required nutrients.

Constipation in dogs: symptoms, diagnosis, treatment and prevention

A sedentary lifestyle, an unbalanced diet, aging or certain pathologies are all factors that can lead to constipation in dogs. You should always consult your veterinarian as soon as you suspect this health problem in your pet. Let's discover the symptoms, the different ways to diagnose a transit problem, the possible treatments and, of course, the means to prevent constipation in dogs.

Constipated dog: symptoms that should alert you


An observant and attentive dog owner who takes his dog out on a leash every day may quickly realize that his pet is suffering from constipation. Generally, dogs poop twice a day. However, when the dog goes out on its own, it is more difficult to know if it is relieving itself without difficulty. It is often by noticing some particular symptoms that the owner ends up having the chip in his ear. In fact, depending on its degree of importance, constipation in a dog can lead to :
  • A tension of the abdomen,
  • Pain in the belly,
  • Loss of appetite,
  • A stooped posture of the animal,
  • Difficulty urinating,
  • High fever,
  • Vomiting,
  • Great fatigue,
  • Abnormally hard fecal matter because it is insufficiently hydrated and the dog has difficulty expelling it. Defecation becomes painful in the bladder and/or the anus (tenesmus) and requires a lot of effort from the animal. Bleeding is possible.
In the presence of one or more of these symptoms, do not wait to consult a veterinarian. Constipation in dogs can, if it persists, lead to serious complications such as intestinal obstruction.

Constipation in dogs: diagnosis and treatment


Because very serious illnesses can cause constipation, it's very important to see a veterinarian if your dog has been constipated for three or four days. There is no need to wait any longer, as the diagnosis must be made as soon as possible. This involves an auscultation of the animal and additional examinations such as a blood test and an X-ray or an ultrasound of the abdomen. The veterinarian must always first make sure that no foreign body is blocking the functioning of the animal's intestines. Secondly, if a tumor is detected, for example, a biopsy is performed to determine whether it is benign or malignant.

The treatment of constipation in dogs is prescribed on a case-by-case basis, since the veterinarian must both stimulate the animal's intestinal transit with a laxative and also treat the disease responsible for the constipation after confirming the diagnosis. When the constipation is severe and has lasted for several days, it may be necessary to hospitalize the dog in the first instance so that it can undergo an enema.

If the dog's diet is deemed inadequate and is the cause of the constipation, the veterinarian will recommend a diet rich in plant fiber, low in bone, and high in moist foods such as canned pate for canines. In the case of a sedentary dog, the practitioner generally encourages the owner to multiply the number of outings and physical activities with his pet so that the latter can exercise, as this promotes intestinal transit.

Knowing the main causes of constipation in dogs to better prevent this intestinal transit problem


Everything must be done to preserve the health of your dog. Many causes of constipation can be avoided. To do so, the owner must know what is likely to slow down the transit or to make defecation difficult. It can be :
  • A cruel lack of physical activity: a dog that spends its days in an apartment and has little opportunity to exercise is more likely to be constipated than a very active dog.
  • An inadequate food ration,
  • A diet low in fiber,
  • The presence of bone powder in the faeces, which makes them hard, or bone debris in the dog's digestive tract: a problem that mainly concerns dogs that are given too many bones to eat,
  • Dehydration, because the contents of the intestine must be moist enough to be eliminated,
  • A medical treatment such as :
  • spasmolytics acting against diarrhea but which finally constipate the dog,
  • morphine derivatives which tend to interrupt intestinal transit.
  • Stress,
  • Certain pathologies (prostate problems, spinal column disease of traumatic or non-traumatic origin, tumors, kidney disease, hernia, hypothyroidism, ...). Note that if the swelling of the prostate is involved, the dog will have to be castrated.
A healthy lifestyle is fundamental to limit the risks of constipation in dogs. Moving around, eating healthy and drinking enough water are all solutions to adopt as soon as you get a dog so that it does not suffer from constipation, whatever the age of the animal. As for the pathologies that favor this type of transit problem, they must be diagnosed as soon as possible so that the dog benefits from an adapted care protocol. In any case, it is important to prevent constipation from becoming chronic.

Each owner must ensure that the veterinarian can see the animal regularly and perform a health check-up every year or two. This monitoring is essential because it allows early detection of disease. This way, the dog has a better chance of getting better.

To limit the expenses, because veterinary procedures are expensive, it is a good idea to insure your dog with a health insurance for pets. Depending on the formula chosen, the insurer will partially or totally cover examinations, care due to illness or following an accident, hospitalization, surgical interventions as well as a number of preventive acts such as sterilization for example.