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The Bruno du Jura, Swiss Hound

Belonging to the category of Swiss hounds as well as the Lucerne, Schwytzois and Bernese hounds, the Bruno du Jura is a faithful pet, calm and gentle, but also an outstanding sportsman.

Characteristics of the Bruno du Jura

The Bruno du Jura is a rather massive dog, with a marked musculature, but without heaviness. Low on legs compared to other Swiss hounds, they measure on average between 47 and 59 cm for a weight oscillating between 20 and 25 kg. It has a fine, dry head with a relatively long muzzle and a marked stop. The Bruno du Jura has the particularity to have ears falling on each side of the head, rounded at the ends and rather narrow. They are folded and set back, which gives him an elegant and aristocratic style. And what about her eyes. They are brown and reveal a gentle expression. The Bruno du Jura has a short, thick and full coat. It is distinguished by its unicolor coat tending towards fawn shades with a black mark on the back. The coat can also be black with traces of tan on the limbs.

History of the Bruno du Jura breed

The history of the Bruno du Jura goes back a long way. It seems that these Swiss hounds were known in Egypt in ancient times and that they were introduced into Europe by the Romans. It is notably imported in France in the Swiss Alps and the Rhone Valley. This dog would have as ancestor the dog of Saint-Hubert which evolved in the 5th century in the Ardennes abbey. Unfortunately, the Bruno du Jura has not known only happy days. After having rubbed shoulders with the French aristocracy around the 18th century, he lost his reputation. In Switzerland, breeders decided to develop the breed to make the perfect hunting dog.

Living conditions and behavior of the Bruno du Jura

The Bruno du Jura is an animal full of energy. He excels in hunting thanks to his powerful voice and his developed sense of smell. He can operate in a pack or alone in the most difficult areas. They are tireless and have great stamina. At home, he is docile and gets along well with children. This dog knows how to show discretion by barking very little. He is very attached to his owners, but is not really demonstrative. To be happy, he must live in the mountains or in the countryside. But it can also evolve in a house with a garden in order to be able to unwind as it wants.

Food and main health problems of the Bruno du Jura

The Bruno du Jura does not develop any disease specific to its breed, it is a chance. Its robustness will amaze you. Even his diet does not need to be specific, to say that this dog is really easy to live with. He can be satisfied with kibble or canned pellets as well as homemade food made of vegetables, starches and meats.

The Bolognese, a friendly and cheerful little dog

From the top of its twenty centimeters, the Bolognese will give you a lot of pleasure. This intelligent and affectionate little animal loves family life. Friendly and cheerful in all circumstances, this is the dog for you if you need a four-legged companion but don't have enough space.

Bolognese Characteristics

If you love hairballs, you're bound to be won over by the Bolognese's physique. Very graceful, it will not take up much space in your home with its 25 cm to 30 cm height at the withers. And you will even have the leisure to carry him all the time in your arms since he weighs only 2,5 to 4kg. The Bolognese attracts attention with its cute face, featuring a medium-length head with a relatively short muzzle and a fairly pronounced stop.

We will not fail to mention its immense eyes so expressive which reflect its malicious spirit. His ears are long, they fall on the sides, but are attached high. One of the physical aspects which makes all the beauty of the Bolognese lies in its vaporous fur which is not stuck to the body, but seems a little raised. This pure white coat gives it an irresistible plush look. The standard also admits dresses in ivory shades.

History of the Bolognese breed

The existence of the Bolognese goes back a long way, more precisely during the Renaissance. Confusions have often been made with the Maltese. The two breeds have common origins dating back to the time of Aristotle, around 300 BC. During these ancient times, this dog coming from Bologna in Italy was very popular with the great courts of Europe and even inspired many artists in the realization of their works, such as Francisco de Goya or Titian. Unfortunately, this popularity will not last forever since the Bolognese is less and less known over the centuries. It will be necessary to wait until 1920 before it rises from its ashes. Its recognition by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) will be made on March 5, 1956.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Bolognese

The Bolognese is appreciated for its affection, its loyalty, its tenderness, its calm and its great gentleness. It instills joy of living in the families, because it is always in a good mood and remains very sociable. Moreover, he gets along with everyone including people he does not know. He can even cohabit with cats if needed. This animal is perfect to accompany families as well as the elderly. Its small size makes it portable and allows it to adapt to life in an apartment. Moreover, it does not need much exercise.

Diet and main health problems of the Bolognese

The Bolognese can develop certain eye problems and suffer from a luxated patella. It is also important to keep a close eye on the eyelashes, as it can be prone to distichiasis. And as it is a dog becoming easily obese, the food rations are to be well controlled.

My dog fought with another dog, how can I treat the bites?

Dogs are not always gentle with each other and their fights can result in bite wounds of varying degrees of severity. When his dog has fought with another dog, the owner should not wait to treat him and take him to the veterinarian. Let's take a look at the risks involved in fights between canines, the symptoms to watch out for and the best ways to treat the injured dog.

Even a small bite can be serious

Some bites seem shallow. But that doesn't mean they're harmless. When your dog has been in a fight with another dog, you should not wait to clean and disinfect the wound. A muzzle is more than necessary in this case, because the dog - even a gentle one - can rebel during treatment.

Superficial bite

This is a clearly defined, shallow wound. It is cleaned with lint-free gauze and saline to remove all dirt. We then proceed to the disinfection by diluting 9 volumes of water for 1 volume of Betadine and we pour the dilution carefully on the wound and the traces of fangs. Alcohol should be avoided because it stings. The dog may not accept to be treated anymore.

After disinfection, an airy bandage can be put on the wound and maintained by a not too tight bandage. Repeat the operation the following days, morning and evening, as follows:
  • Removal of the dressing,
  • Checking the wound,
  • Cleaning,
  • Disinfection,
  • Putting on a clean dressing and bandage.
Even if the bite is only superficial, it is preferable to make an appointment with the veterinarian so that he/she can assess the situation and make the necessary arrangements.

Deep bite

Following a deep bite, the flesh can be torn off. To prevent the dog's hair from sticking to the wound, it is best to carefully shave it off before starting to clean the wound, in the same way as for a superficial bite, as we have seen previously.

Then, this important wound must be disinfected with Betadine or Hexomedine and with sterile compresses that do not lint. We obviously avoid absorbent cotton which leaves fibers in the wounds. Disinfection concerns the wounded area and its entire perimeter because the risks of microbial contamination must be limited.

The wound can be protected with a bandage while waiting to take the dog to the practice or clinic the same day. Following a fight between dogs, a bite resulting in one or more deep wounds warrants an emergency consultation.

Biting a dog by another dog: the signs that should alert you

After a dog fight, it is essential to monitor your pet's condition for several days. At the slightest worrying symptom, the dog must be taken to the veterinarian. The signs of seriousness are :
  • An oozing wound,
  • The bitten area becomes red,
  • The dog has a fever (body temperature above 39°C),
  • The animal's behavior changes,
  • The bitten dog expresses its suffering by growling and/or moaning.

Dog bitten by another dog: a veterinarian must be consulted

Whatever the importance of the bite, the injured dog must be examined. He can then be treated with antibiotics and painkillers if the wound is deep. A small health check-up can be done. Finally, if the animal is not up to date with its vaccinations, the veterinarian will give it a rabies or anti-rabies vaccine.

Antibiotics are essential to protect the dog against any risk of infection, even if the bite seems harmless. Let's not forget that a dog's mouth contains all sorts of germs that develop very quickly in an oxygen-deprived environment, since they are highly infectious anaerobic micro-organisms. There is a risk of tissue destruction in case of injury.

The danger is even greater if the dog has been bitten by a dog with jaws powerful enough to sink its fangs deep into the flesh, a muscle or a joint.

At the same time, the owner must report the incident to the appropriate authorities if his little companion has been bitten by a stray dog.

Bites between dogs: how to prevent them?

To prevent your dog from fighting with another dog, there is only one solution: do not let him go out alone. This is not always easy because many dogs regularly go out without their owner's knowledge. They are more likely than others to be bitten in a fight with a dog or female dog.

Don't let your dog escape from the yard. Fencing the property and occasionally checking to see if the little stray has dug a hole to get under the fence is recommended.

The best results are obtained with obedient dogs. It is therefore useful to train your dog to come back as soon as his owner calls him. Knowing how to be obeyed can prevent your pet from being injured.

St. Hubert's Dog has a melancholic expression

The St. Hubert's Dog is a big, slow-moving, melancholic-looking fellow that will touch you with his gentleness and remarkable kindness. He has all the qualities sought after in a pet and in hunting dogs, as he was originally used for this task. But beware of his education, because he can be stubborn from time to time.

Characteristics of the Saint-Hubert Dog

The St. Hubert's Hound has an impressive build. More powerful and massive than other hounds, it develops a strong musculature, but without heaviness. Despite its strong presence, this dog keeps a lot of nobility. On average, it measures 65 cm and weighs around 50 kg. It is immediately recognizable by its very particular face which reveals a noble and massive head with a marked profile and a little accentuated stop. This one displays skin folds on its cheeks as well as on its forehead with an abundance of skin. The long and hanging lips give it a melancholic air. A feature more accentuated by its sunken eyes which definitely give him an expression of sadness. And what about his ears which are also long and falling in elegant folds. The Saint-Hubert has a short, smooth, dense and tight coat. The coat is generally bicolor with a duo of liver and tan or black and tan. It can also be single-colored red.

History of the breed Saint-Hubert

The Saint-Hubert is an ancient breed whose traces go back to the Middle Ages. Legend has it that Saint-Hubert himself intervened in the modeling of the breed to make it the perfect hunting dog. Then, it would have been imported to England by William the Conqueror. The most plausible version of the breed's history is that it comes from the town of Saint-Hubert, in Belgium. This hound with a remarkable sense of smell excelled in hunting wild boar and other large game. He then became a police dog, especially in the United States. Moreover, over there, they call him "Bloodhound".

Living conditions and behavior of the Bloodhound

The St. Hubert's Hound has a lot of qualities, which is why it is appreciated as a guard dog, hunting dog or pet. He is at the same time kind, calm and of a great softness, perfect for the children towards whom he is patient and devoted. Shy and discreet, he does not develop any sociability problems with his fellow dogs. On the other hand, he can be stubborn and needs a fair and firm education to correct this defect, especially if it is a male. Novice owners can then turn to females that are easier to live with.

Diet and main health problems of the Saint-Hubert

Its skin and eyes are the main organs to watch carefully. The Saint-Hubert can suffer from luxation of the kneecap and hip dysplasia, common pathologies in large dogs. Beware also of stomach torsion. As for his diet, he is an incorrigible gourmet. Its rations must be controlled to avoid overweight.

The Ariegeois, playful and sociable dog

The Ariegeois is not as well known as the Epagneuls Bretons, the Braques Français, the Beagle-Harrier and the Brie Shepherd. And yet, the Ariegeois excels in hunting activities as well as in other breeds. It is a cheerful and sociable dog, in love with the great spaces.

Characteristics of the Ariegeois

The Ariegeois has an easily recognizable physique. This medium-sized hound attracts attention with its elegance and lightness. Its height varies from 50 to 58 cm and its weight, from 28 to 30 kg. It is distinguished by its elongated and fine head with a slightly domed skull, a black nose and a slightly marked stop that gives it its graceful appearance. It also has large, long, drooping, flexible and fine ears. However, their length should not exceed the base of the nose. And what to say about his eyes of such a softness and which also give him an expression of intelligence. They are well opened and of rather dark brown color. The Ariegeois stands out by its short, thin tail, attached to the end of the body. It reminds of a saber. The coat is short and fine. The coat is white with black markings and can also be spotted. The eyes are encircled with black. The presence of tan color on the head and cheeks is tolerated by the standard.

History of the Ariegeois breed

The Ariegeois comes from the Ariege, located in the Languedoc-Roussillon region. The paternity is attributed to the Count Elie de Vézins who wished to obtain the best of the hunting dogs. He then made a hybridization between a Grand Bleu saintongeois or a Grand Bleu de Gascogne with hounds and a Briquet du pays. The result: the Ariegeois obtained shone in the hunting of hares. For a long time, he excelled in this role and also became known for his ability to hunt wild boar. He is even considered to be a hunter's best friend. On the other hand, he is little known outside the borders of the country. The South of France remains its favorite territory.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Ariegeois

The Ariegeois is above all a hunting dog. He will not be at ease if he lives in a small apartment and will prefer to live in the countryside to roam the great outdoors. As a companion dog, he is appreciated for his kindness towards children, his affection and his great intelligence. The fact that it is smart makes easy its education which should not be done too firmly because it is a sensitive animal. It is also a great shy where the interest to begin as soon as possible its socialization.

Food and main health problems of the Ariegeois

Note that the rations will not be the same if the Ariegeois is involved in hunting activities: the food must be doubled in this case. With a nutritious and balanced diet, this dog can live between 10 and 13 years. It is spared from hereditary diseases. On the other hand, it is necessary to pay attention to the otitis which can affect it because of its large drooping ears.

Is the bad reputation of dogs really justified?

 Any dog, whatever its breed and/or size, can be mean if it is badly trained or mistreated. However, molosses are often viewed with suspicion, being impressive by their size, whereas a small dog does not generally inspire any distrust. However, they can be ferocious on many occasions. The question remains: as terrifying as they may be because of their physical appearance, are molossoids as dangerous as we think? They fall under the category of "dangerous dogs" and are covered by a law that may seem discriminatory. What about their character and do they represent a real danger?

What is a molossoid?

It is Jean-Pierre Mégnin (1828-1905) - French entomologist and veterinarian, precursor of cynology - who set up the first classification of dog breeds. Thus, according to some of their peculiarities, the dogs could be of type :
  • Molossoid (a category more commonly known as molosses),
  • Graioid (or greyhound type),
  • Lupoid (evoking the characteristics of the wolf),
  • Braccoid (or pointing dog type).
However, a confusion has arisen in the minds of the uninitiated, so that today large and strong dogs are mistakenly called molosses, without any distinction being made between their breeds. They are considered ferocious, but this bad reputation is completely unfounded. Statistics prove it: out of 100 dog bites, less than 8 are attributable to a molosser.

Classification of "dangerous dog" breeds: what are the 1st and 2nd categories?

The 1st category includes dogs without pedigree presenting morphological similarities with the Boerbull or Mastiff, the Tosa, the Pit-bull and the Am' staff (American Staffordshire Terrier). We can also add the undocumented dogs of the Dogue de Bordeaux type. All these canines are considered as attack dogs.

In order for a dog to enter the 2nd category, its breeder must register it in the LOF. This 2nd category includes the following purebred dogs (with pedigree):
  • Rottweiler as well as dogs that are close to it from the point of view of their morphology provided that they are registered in the French Book of Origins (LOF).
  • Tosa inu,
  • Rottweiler with or without papers,
The dogs of this category are said to be guard or defense dogs. Regarding the Staffordshire Bull Terrier called staffie, it was first classified by mistake among the "dangerous dogs" because it had been confused with a cousin of the Am' staff, namely the Staffordshire Terrier also called American Staffordshire Terrier. The staffie is now excluded from the 2nd category.

Owners of molosses: the obligations

The owners of these dogs that the law considers as dangerous are often saddened by the reputation of their companions. They know that they are less dangerous than they appear and are fully aware that many accidents are due to dogs that do not fall into categories 1 and 2. However, on a daily basis, they are confronted with excessive reactions from people who do not know the character of these animals. Both owners and dogs pay dearly for prejudices.

Anyway, owning a 1st or 2nd category dog implies to respect the law on "dangerous dogs" in force since 1999. Possession permits, mandatory sterilization, forbidden access to certain public places, wearing a muzzle are among the many obligations that are imposed according to the category to which the dog belongs. The owners of these pets are also obliged to take out a specific civil liability insurance.

A molosser is not born mean

Because of its impressive morphology and its powerful jaw, the dog - whatever its breed - is generally considered as a muggle by the common people whether or not it is in one of the categories seen previously. In common parlance, this can refer to a Tosa inu, a St. Bernard, a Newfoundland, a Spanish Mastiff, a Great Dane, a Majorcan Mastiff or a Leonberger.

A big dog, even the most impressive one, is nevertheless able to give a lot of affection to the members of its host family and even to strangers. All dogs are friendly by nature and remain so if they are lucky enough to have a good owner, that is to say if they are well cared for and taken in hand from a young age in order to be perfectly educated. They must be able to enjoy good living conditions with a respectful and loving master.

A dog is not born bad. He is simply likely to become one if his owner fails in his duty. And this is just as true for a Yorkie that weighs at most 4 kg as an adult, far from having an impressive musculature, but that can be extremely snappy and bite at every turn!

It is therefore the lack of socialization that is dangerous and not the dog. Aggression is not innate in dogs, but it can be born in these pets if they have been mistreated, trained to attack for no reason, or if they have not been provided with a suitable environment. Dogs need to be able to release tension and stress and therefore need to exercise sufficiently. Welcoming a dog into your home means facing up to your responsibilities. But this is what happens when you want to have a pet of any kind.