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The Finnish Lapphund, a dog with an expressive look

Of a peaceful nature, the Finnish Lapphund will dazzle you with its expressive look, its beautiful and long fur and its fidelity. It is a dog of company par excellence which will be advised more to the sporting people, given its important need for physical exercises.

Characteristics of the Finnish Lapphund

Belonging to the Spitz type of dog, the Finnish Lapphund is of medium size and measures between 41 and 47 cm at the withers and weighs around 20 kg depending on its age and sex. They have a vigorous, triangular body and a solid constitution. The dog is immediately recognizable by its broad, strongly defined head with a tapering muzzle that ends in a black nose. The stop is also accentuated and the furrow is frontal. The dog has oval shaped eyes that reveal a friendly and peaceful air. They are brown in color and match the coat.

The head is enhanced by two triangular, erect ears that are mobile and set wide apart. The coat is long and dense and makes the Finnish Lapphund look like a teddy bear. The coat can have different colors as long as it has a dominant shade and some markings on certain parts of the body, notably the tail, feet, belly, neck, chest and head.

History of the Finnish Lapphund breed

The Finnish Lapphund originated in Finland, more precisely in Lapland, where it was adopted for reindeer herding by the indigenous people of this Scandinavian region. It was also used in the north of Russia and in other Scandinavian countries such as Norway, Sweden or Denmark as a shepherd and herding dog. This breed has had a tumultuous history. Its standard has been modified many times. The same goes for its name. It is only in 1993 that it is definitively named Finnish Lapphund. Its standard will be dissociated from that of the Finnish Lapphund in 1996. The breed is very successful in Finland, but it is also popular in Australia, the United States, Canada and several European countries.

Living conditions and behavior of the Finnish Lapphund

Lapponian Finns are known for being courageous, alert and docile. They develop a calm and peaceful temperament, devoid of any form of aggression, except perhaps towards strangers, against whom they are very suspicious. As it is an alert dog, it can put off those who cannot stand noise. In any case, it will be necessary to educate it from its youngest age so that it learns to control itself. Another thing, as the Finnish Lapphund is a shepherd dog and naturally needs to exercise, a house with a garden will suit him with regular outings.

Diet and main health problems of the Lapphund

The advantage of the Lapphund is that it is very resistant to bad weather and harsh temperatures. However, it is necessary to watch out for eye diseases such as cataracts or retinal atrophy.

Dog house : how to choose it ? Our advice

The dog house allows the animal to have a place of its own. Offering him this type of habitat is a really good idea as long as you choose the right model. Its look should not be the determining factor. A dog house can be very aesthetic but poorly designed, uncomfortable or not adapted to the size of the dog. Let's see how to choose a dog house so that the dog is happy day and night and in any season.

Criteria for choosing a dog house

In addition to the price of the dog house, which obviously weighs in the balance, you should always think about the climate of the region in which it will be installed. In fact, you don't choose the same type of dog house depending on whether you live in the South of France or in the North East.

The kennel must be able to shelter the dog from cold winds, lightning, rain, hail, snow and ambient humidity, but also from heat. It should never be a steam room or an icebox, so it is important to choose a dog house with good thermal insulation. It is also essential that its configuration has been well thought out so that the dog does not feel lost or cramped. It must be possible for him to move around a little and to be comfortable, whether he is sitting, standing or lying down.

So, we don't choose a kennel at random or only because it's fun. It must correspond in all points to the needs of the animal. The main criteria for choosing a dog house are as follows.


We generally find kennels made of wood, PVC, resin and metal.

Wood: this material is an excellent insulator. It is a good protection against wind, cold and heat. It is solid and durable provided that you take care to maintain the kennel regularly and treat it with a special wood product that is non-toxic for dogs. It is preferable to choose a dog house made of treated wood with a perfect finish to avoid the risk of injury due to splinters, for example.

Beware, a wooden dog house is not recommended for a dog that tends to chew everything because it may swallow wood chips and splinters in the long run.

The wooden kennel is a good product that the owner can stain, paint or decorate as he wishes to personalize it. It is necessary to choose the right place at the beginning because it is relatively heavy, especially if it is large, and therefore quite difficult to move.

PVC: it is a light plastic material with a low density and an average lifespan. The PVC dog house is rather adapted to a mild climate because of its low thermal insulation capacity. It is resistant to insects and mildew and can be cleaned with a sponge or a medium-pressure jet, possibly with a non-polluting cleaning product such as black soap. Lightweight, it is easy to move.

Resin: stronger than PVC, this composite material is a polyester resin. Generally, the kennel is made of a plywood structure covered with a layer of resin. It has a good longevity because it is resistant and easy to maintain.

Metal: this is a material that is increasingly rarely used for the manufacture of kennels. Although it is easy to clean and extremely robust, metal does not allow the dog to be sheltered from temperature variations. At most, he can be protected from rain or wind, but he will be too cold or too hot because metal is not a thermal insulator.

The size of the kennel

The size of the kennel should be carefully considered, because if you choose a kennel that is too big or too small, the dog will not really want to settle there. They must correspond to the size of the animal. The principle for determining this criterion of choice is simple. From the floor to the ceiling, the kennel must measure one and a half times the height of the dog. For the width, you must choose the model that allows the animal to turn around easily without being too spacious because he likes to be able to curl up to be warm.

The configuration

If the kennel has two openings (a door and a window, for example), it is better that they are not facing each other, but on the contrary, they should be staggered in order to prevent the dog from being subjected to draughts. It is also preferable that the door be placed in a corner rather than in the middle. This way, the animal will be much better protected from the wind and will have a space to curl up in.

It is important to choose a kennel with an insulating floor so that the humidity of the ground does not rise in the shelter and that insects and spiders cannot penetrate it.

Its roof must be perfectly waterproof and insulating but also removable to allow regular cleaning of the inside of the kennel without the master having to contort himself to perform this task.

The awning or canopy is a plus. It adds style to the kennel, but it also allows the dog to sit outside the shelter while being protected from bad weather or sunlight. With a shaded entrance, the kennel benefits from a more pleasant interior temperature.

Ease of maintenance

The kennel must be able to be cleaned from top to bottom on a regular basis. The easier it is to clean, the less likely it is that this task will be postponed and neglected, or not done at all. As mentioned above, a removable roof is ideal, but you can also opt for a dog house with folding side walls.

The price of the dog house

Once you have found the ideal dog house for your dog, all you have to do is compare the prices of the models of equal quality. The price differences are significant, since the budget to spend on this purchase is between 40 and 800 € knowing that a PVC dog house for small dogs is among the cheapest and that the solid wood dog house for giant dogs can reach peaks. Size, material, insulation, configuration, style, brand... everything is to be taken into account before buying.

In addition to providing your dog with a suitable dog house, it is important to know where to install it. The perfect location is sheltered from the wind. Avoid full sun and opt for a shady area. Finally, when welcoming a dog into your home, it is essential to secure the garden. This is very important to reduce the risk of wandering and exposing the animal to accidents. It also prevents the dog from invading the neighbors' homes, because if it causes damage to their property, the good atmosphere that has existed until now in the neighborhood is likely to be damaged.

My dog has been bitten by a viper: how should I react?

A dog that is running around in the wild is very exposed to the risk of being bitten by a viper. This is also common in the garden, especially from early spring until the arrival of autumn. The venom of this snake being deadly, it is fundamental to act as quickly as possible to preserve your pet.

Dog bitten by a viper: the risks

The viper is a poisonous snake. Its venom contains toxic substances that cause inflammation. The consequences can be neurological disorders and tissue necrosis. It is therefore important to act quickly by using the right gestures.

Viper bite: identifying the signs

At the slightest doubt, try to locate the bite marks left by the viper most often on the dog's legs or on its head. These are two red dots no more than a centimeter apart. They correspond to the impact of the two hooks of the snake.

As for the symptoms that a dog bitten by a viper, they are as follows:
  • Significant pain, instantly felt as soon as the bite is made,
  • An edema in the affected area, which occurs within half an hour at most after the bite.
  • High temperature,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Unexplained fatigue,
  • Vomiting,
  • Breathing difficulties,
  • A convulsive state,
  • A paralysis.
  • Blood in the urine,
  • Bloody stools,
  • A dysfunction of the organs,
  • Kidney failure,
  • Massive destruction of leukocytes (white blood cells).
These different manifestations appear at the latest within three hours after the bite. In the absence of veterinary care, the dog's vital prognosis is engaged. In the following days, the owner may notice small reddish-violet spots on the skin (called purpura or petechiae). These are signs of subcutaneous infiltration of blood. The dog may also have :

All these signs justify an emergency consultation.

Dog bitten by a viper: Action should be taken without delay.

While waiting to show his dog to a veterinarian, or to take him to the nearest veterinary clinic, the owner must :
  • Immobilize the dog's leg, as it should move as little as possible. This will limit the rapid spread of venom throughout the animal's body and thus aggravate its health.
  • Disinfect the area affected by the snake bite with a dog disinfectant only, which excludes 90° alcohol, eosin, ether.
  • Put an ice pack on the bite to soothe the pain.
And contrary to popular belief :
  • We banish the tourniquet,
  • The venom must not be sucked up by any means,
  • The wound should never be incised as this increases the risk of infection.
Be careful to take certain precautions when intervening, because a dog in pain can even bite its master. On the other hand, you must try to be calm so as not to lose time and be able to reassure your animal, who must remain as calm as possible.

The Belgian Greenland Shepherd Dog, elegant and harmonious black dog

Full of life, the Belgian Greenland Shepherd will give happiness to the families ready to welcome him in their home. It is an easy to train dog, affectionate, very gentle and protective towards children. He has everything to be the best companion dog there is.

Characteristics of the Belgian Greenland Shepherd Dog

Like many Belgian Shepherds, the Groenendael reveals an elegant and harmonious look. This large dog inspires strength and power. He measures an average of 58 cm for females and 62 cm for males. This dog has a proudly carried head that is well defined, straight and long. The forehead is slightly rounded with a broad skull, a moderately accentuated median furrow.

The muzzle of medium length, the black nose and the little marked stop are other physical characteristics of this animal. He has almond-shaped eyes with brown or dark color. They are expressive and show vivacity, softness and intelligence. The triangular shaped ears are carried high and are not very large. And what about the coat which is another specificity of Groenendael. It is zain black, i.e. exclusively black, uniform and devoid of white. The coat is long and smooth.

History of the Belgian Greenland Shepherd Dog breed

Of Belgian origin, Groenendael comes from the village of the same name. It is a relatively old breed that appeared in the 19th century. Its creator is Nicolas Rose, a lord lord living in this village, who crossed a long-haired black-haired bitch with a herding dog resembling him.

The black color of the breed was not very popular among Belgian shepherd breeders. Nevertheless, the Groenendael was able to distinguish itself thanks to its qualities as a herdsman. Through his exceptional flair, he also served the police and rescue services in research work. Just like the other shepherd dogs such as the Laekenois, the Tervueren or the Malinois, the recognition by the FCI (Fédération cynologique internationale) will be made in 1956.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Belgian Greenland Shepherd Dog

Groenendael shines by its intelligence and vitality. It is always in search of an activity to practice in order not to get bored and to expend itself. It is an extremely vigilant animal, which is why it has been successful in herding. It is also determined, protective and courageous. His affectionate and easygoing character explains his success with children with whom he gets along very well. Moreover, his education is relatively easy since he remains a dog who understands easily and is alert. However, because he is a sporty dog, he needs owners who are able to satisfy his needs for physical activity.

Nutrition and main health problems of the Belgian Greenland Shepherd Dog

Like all large dogs, the Groenendael is not spared from hip dysplasia if no supervision or attention is paid to them. Muscular dystrophy is one of the pathologies that can affect him, as well as ear problems. In addition, because he is an active dog, he needs a rich diet, without being fat and sweet.

The Japanese Spitz, a dog with immaculate white fur

An immaculate white fur, an irresistible face, a friendly, lively and active character... the Japanese Spitz is an ideal companion for families living in the city, in apartments. This dog being also very playful, children will be delighted to have him in their ranks.

Characteristics of the Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz is immediately recognizable by its white fur and its bushy, long and dense tail that makes it look like the Samoyed. The dog has an abundant coat, long, spread out and straight. Concerning his size, he is not very tall as he measures between 30 and 33 cm for males and between 29 and 32 cm for females. The weight varies between 6 and 10 kg. The Japanese Spitz develops a robust and harmonious constitution. It is remarkable for its pointed muzzle and black nose. Its skull is domed and more or less broad, with an enlargement on the posterior area. The dog also has small ears with fine triangular tips that are carried high and pointing forward. As for his eyes, the dark color contrasts with the immaculate whiteness of the coat. They are neither too big nor too small and are almond shaped.

History of the Japanese Spitz breed

The origins of the Japanese Spitz are controversial. But it seems that this race would have as ancestor, the German Spitz with the white dress which landed in the land of the Rising Sun around the 1920s. It must be said that the two breeds show similarities. The Japanese Spitz has not had a thrilling history unlike many of its counterparts. It will be improved thanks to the contribution of other spitz from the United States, Canada, China and Australia. After the Second World War, a first official standard was established by the Japanese Kennel Club. This breed is one of the favorite four-legged companions of the Japanese. It was also successful in Sweden and then all over Europe and the world.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz has many qualities. He is jovial, alert, active, lively and shows great intelligence. On the other hand, beware of his stubborn character and especially, his untimely barking. He does not appreciate the presence of strangers and will bark for the occasion if someone he does not know tries to approach. He is thus an excellent guard who develops a lot of courage. Another of his assets is that he is close to the children with whom he will play and have a lot of fun. In addition, he shows an immoderate affection towards his masters and needs to be constantly surrounded by his family.

Diet and main health problems of the Japanese Spitz

The Japanese Spitz is not affected by any particular defect. It is a sturdy animal, with an important longevity since it can live between 12 and 16 years. Of course, its health will also depend on an adequate diet and constant monitoring. A "homemade" food is recommended, but an industrial food can also do the trick provided that the quality is there.

The Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer, a dog designed for running and hunting

Tailored for running and hunting, the Hungarian Shorthair Braque does not go unnoticed with its athletic body. It excels in its work as a hunter and is at the same time a formidable, intelligent and well-balanced pet.

Characteristics of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer

Endowed with a harmonious silhouette, the Hungarian Shorthair Braque perfectly combines strength, beauty and elegance. Its muscular body shows a light constitution. It differs from the Hungarian Wirehaired Pointer by the texture and appearance of its coat. This dog has a longer than tall body and measures between 50 and 64 cm at the withers with a weight ranging from 20 to 30 kg, depending on age and sex. It has a well proportioned and dry head on which a truncated muzzle develops. The nostrils are open and the nose is rather wide. The eyes are moderately large and oval shaped. They reveal a brown color in harmony with the coat. As for the ears, they form a rounded V, are slightly positioned at the back and are drooping along the head. The Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer, as its name implies, has a short and close coat that is fawn (wheat-gold) in color.

Breed History of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer

The Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer is native to Hungary. It is not a new breed since it has existed since the 17th century and has been the happiness of the Hungarian nobility. Specialists say that it was born from a hybrid between a Turkish hunting dog and a Hungarian hound called Transylvanian. Several foreign breeds contributed to its constitution during the 19th century. Breeding programs for pure shorthaired Hungarian Shorthaired Hounds only began in 1920. It is only in 1936 that the International Canine Federation (FCI) will officially recognize it. There is a large population of Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer not only in Hungary, but also in the United States and Germany.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer

The Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer is an outstanding hunter of furry or feathered game. It can evolve as much in the plains as in the woods or marshes. It is a real all-terrain vehicle. He also has a very developed sense of smell and is not afraid of bad weather. This dog does not only excel in hunting. He is also a good family dog because of his affectionate character towards his owners including children. He is friendly and has a lively natural temperament, without being aggressive or shy. On the other hand, he must be able to live in a house with a garden to be able to exercise himself. The ideal for him is to have sports teachers capable of satisfying his needs for exercise.

Diet and main health problems of the Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer

The Hungarian Shorthaired Pointer is a great sportsman, he needs a diet capable of supplementing his caloric expenditure. However, being a large dog, he must not eat too much quickly to avoid stomach twisting. As far as health is concerned, this breed is hardy and robust and does not develop any particular pathologies.