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The Basset Fauve de Bretagne, a dog with a rustic look

A rustic look, sociability and kindness to spare, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a great hunting enthusiast who is also a sensation as a pet. It is an active dog that needs masters capable of following its rhythm.

Characteristics of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne


Small in size, the Basset Fauve de Bretagne measures between 32 and 38 cm at the withers and weighs between 15 and 20 kg. It is a stocky rustic dog, with a stocky look, but very muscular. This animal has an elongated skull with an accentuated occipital protuberance. The stop is slightly marked and the nose is dark brown or black. One will also notice not very dense whiskers and a tapered muzzle. Its brown eyes are very expressive and full of liveliness. And what to say about the ears which reveal a finer and shorter down compared to the rest of the body and which are positioned in point. The Basset Fauve de Bretagne has a short, hard and dry coat. The coat has a fawn or red color. The standard accepts the presence of black hairs on the ears and back and a white patch on the chest reminiscent of the shape of a star.

History of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne


The Basset Fauve de Bretagne has for ancestor the "Grand Fauve de Bretagne" which is now known as the Griffon Fauve de Bretagne. Of Armorican origin thus, this race knew an important notoriety in the XIXth century. It is a dog specialized in particular in hunting rabbits. Its success made that in 1949, a breed club was even created in its honor. In France, he was highly prized for his hunting skills. Moreover, he won many French Cups on rabbits. Because of this strong capacity, many hunters call upon his services. His official recognition by the International Canine Federation (FCI) was made in 1963.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne


First thing to remember: the Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a fervent hunting enthusiast. Life in the countryside suits him perfectly. Thanks to its thick hairs and its rusticity, it can evolve in all grounds even the most muddy or bramble. He loves to frolic in the open air. However, it can adapt to city life and live in an apartment, but it is preferable to get it used to this environment from a young age. In terms of character, it is an animal full of dynamism, but which knows how to remain calm when necessary. It is balanced and sociable and never aggressive. The understanding with the children is perfect.

Diet and main health problems of the Basset Fauve de Bretagne


The Basset Fauve de Bretagne is a healthy animal that adapts to heat and cold. It rarely gets sick. However, it can fall victim to herniated discs because of its elongated back. To stay in shape, he needs regular physical exercise and especially a diet adapted to his age, his physical activities, his lifestyle, his weight and his health.

How to find veterinary emergencies in the evenings, weekends and holidays?

When a dog is victim of worrying symptoms, it is necessary to consult without delay because in the absence of care the consequences can be very serious. Sometimes, within a few hours, the animal's vital prognosis can be engaged. Let's see which pathologies are more particularly the object of immediate care and which are the veterinary services that operate night and day as well as during weekends and holidays.

Calling veterinary emergencies: the main reasons for calling veterinary emergencies


It is fundamental to detect without delay the signs that justify a call to the veterinary emergency service. Neglect in this area can cost the life of your pet. Many symptoms may justify contacting a veterinarian or a veterinary clinic on call. Some examples are :
  • Sudden digestive problems: diarrhea and/or vomiting may cause fears of stomach upset or poisoning.
  • Difficulty walking: these are part of locomotor disorders, the severity of which varies from one dog to another and according to the pathology involved. This is a frequent reason for urgent calls that pet owners frequently face, especially when their small four-legged companion is elderly. Acute or chronic musculoskeletal disorders cause intense pain that must be relieved as quickly as possible. Advanced osteoarthritis may, for example, justify an urgent consultation in the evening, during the weekend or on a holiday.
  • A snake bite: the animal must be treated immediately.
  • An accidental cause, such as when the dog has been hit by a vehicle, fallen down a well or fallen over the balcony. In some cases, the animal appears to be unharmed. However, the frequent risk of an organ bursting during a severe shock should not be overlooked.
  • A heart problem: just as in humans, heart disease in dogs (or cats) cannot tolerate the slightest hesitation on the part of the owner. Veterinary emergencies should be called without delay, at any time.
  • A convulsive syndrome: when a dog suddenly has convulsions, it must be taken care of because the consequences can be serious. It is therefore necessary for a veterinarian to identify the cause in order to administer the appropriate treatment to the sick animal.
Obstruction of the urethra leading to difficulty in urinating, severe dehydration, hypoglycemia, birth that goes wrong are other reasons for imminent consultation. The slightest hesitation on the part of the owner can have dramatic consequences.

How to determine the degree of veterinary urgency?


Veterinarians consider that what worries a master is already an emergency, even if the problem encountered by their little companion does not necessarily expose his life. In all the cases seen above and many others, the absence of intervention puts the animal in danger. These are therefore absolute emergencies.

There are also common emergencies for which one should not hesitate to go to the emergency room even during the weekend, a holiday or in the evening. This is for example the case for :
  • Facial urticaria, also known as angioedema: this is a vital emergency because the dog can suffer from rapid asphyxiation if he swells in his mouth or throat.
  • A foreign body in the eye or ear canal,
  • An abscess,
  • Bloody diarrhea,
  • A fracture.
  • A thorn in a pad,
  • A claw torn off,
  • Conjunctivitis,
  • A change in eating behavior or dysorexia,
  • An insect bite,
  • A cough unrelated to an asthma attack.
Then we find the related emergencies. Even if the dog's health is not at all in danger, it is perfectly legitimate for the owner to want to consult a veterinarian immediately since he is worried about his pet. In this category, we classify among others :

In these cases it is quite possible to wait until the following day or to wait until the end of the weekend to go to the veterinary clinic. But if the owner has the slightest doubt, it is better for him to consult on the spot, even if it is in the middle of the night.

As a general rule, the overall behaviour of the animal gives a good indication of the degree of urgency. If he has no fever, if he is breathing normally, does not seem to be in pain, and continues to eat and drink as usual, it is already somewhat reassuring. On the other hand, a high temperature, blue or extremely pale mucous membranes, violent vomiting, a total stool and/or urine stoppage, shortness of breath, a staggering gait are among the signs that do not deceive: consulting an emergency room is essential whatever the day and time.

Veterinary emergency services: how does it work?


It is more or less easy to find veterinarians on call depending on whether you live in the city or in the country. In large cities, there are practices and clinics that meet the needs night and day as well as weekends and holidays. Pet owners should always keep contact information for their regular veterinarian on hand. If he or she is absent, the answering machine usually indicates the telephone number to call in case of an emergency.

In the countryside, you can of course consult the Internet to find out where to go, but it is still necessary to have the possibility to do so. It is best to call the Gendarmerie for reliable and immediate information. Another solution is to contact the veterinary clinic in the nearest town.

It is not always possible to take your dog or cat to an emergency consultation. In this case, it is the veterinarian who travels, which inevitably leads to an increase in the cost of the visit. A mutual animal health insurance covers all or part of the costs incurred by the owner of the animal, whether it is for an emergency or not.

As long as it is a relative emergency (but certainly not if the animal is at its worst), the owner can start by contacting a veterinary advice service (online or by phone), which operates 24/7. Simply provide your phone number and you will be called back as soon as possible by an animal health professional. This specialist can make a diagnosis based on the indications given to him or her. You must therefore be very precise in your explanations and describe the symptoms presented by the dog or cat, their duration and intensity.

The Animal Taxi remains the solution, a service that works differently from one region to another, knowing that some structures may offer to transport a sick animal outside of normal hours. It is recommended that all dog or cat owners memorize in their smartphone the coordinates of the Animal Taxi service in their geographical area in case of .

The Schipperke, a dog full of vitality and dynamism

The Schipperke is considered a miniature version of the Belgian Shepherd. Full of vitality and dynamism, it is the ideal companion for master athletes. The Schipperke is also patient with children, for whom it is the ideal guardian.

Characteristics of the Schipperke


He is tenderly nicknamed the little black devil, probably because of his zain black coat (devoid of white or other colored hairs), with thick fur that forms a mane under his throat and head. The Schipperke resembles the Belgian Shepherd except that it has no tail. However, he may have a stumpy tail or one that is just very short. Despite its small size, this dog has a muscular and structured body. He measures between 25 and 33 cm and weighs between 3 and 7 kg. Very elegant, the outline of the body fits into a square. The head reminds us of a fox. You will have understood it. The Schipperke develops a broad and slightly rounded forehead without forgetting the tapered muzzle. The ears are mobile, triangular, erect and turned forward. As for the eyes, they reveal a mischievous expression and are almond-shaped with a brown color.

History of the Schipperke breed


The Schipperke comes from Belgium. He would have the same ancestors as the Belgian Shepherd, called the Leuvenaar or dog of Leuven, which like him, was small and also wore a black dress. This breed is old since it would exist since the 15th century. The Schipperke was the favorite dog of the Brussels' savourers who adorned it with copper collars chiselled during the parades. In addition, the dog was used for hunting rodents. In 1888, the Royal Schipperkes-Club was created in honor of the breed.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Schipperke


Rustic dog, the Schipperke is both useful for company and guard. It is an active and playful animal that breathes the joy of life. It is very attached to its master and also develops a lot of sociability. Because it is small, it can accompany its masters everywhere, in the country as well as in the city. It is an animal that greatly appreciates children with whom it can play non-stop. It is both gentle and lively towards them. Good guardian, it is faithful to its masters. As a bonus: it can live with other animals except perhaps rodents. Let's not forget that he is an ex-hunter of rats, moles or mice. In addition, since he is also a sheepdog, he needs to exercise himself. A sporting master is more suitable for him.

Diet and main health problems of the Schipperke


The Schipperke can live between 12 and 15 years and is a robust animal. However, there are a few problems to watch out for, particularly related to the skin and teeth. Indeed, oligodontia which is defined by a lack of teeth can affect it. It will also be necessary to pay attention to the follicular dysplasia of black hairs, a skin disease manifested by a loss of hair.

The Little Italian Greyhound, a fine and graceful dog

Thin and graceful, the Italian Greyhound resembles the Greyhound, except perhaps for its size, which is much smaller. Even if this breed is known to excel in speed racing, it can perfectly live in an apartment, where it will give all its love to its masters.

Characteristics of the Italian Greyhound


The Little Italian Greyhound is a dog with a slender appearance, square body and looks like the Greyhound. Beware, this is not the dwarf shape of the latter, but a true breed in its own right. The Little Italian Greyhound is distinguished by its small size because it is one of the smallest in the category of greyhounds and measures between 32 and 38 cm for a weight ranging from 4 to 5 kg. Also called Italian Greyhound, the dog develops a harmonious gait and can be recognized by its fast gallop. He has a long, narrow head with a long, pointed muzzle, completed by a slightly accentuated stop. Large and expressive, the eyes are dark in color and round in shape. The fine and small ears are carried high and backwards. They stand up when the animal is alert. The Italian Greyhound has a short, soft and fine coat. The coat can be isabelle (beige), grey or black with various shades.

Breed History Italian Greyhounds


The Italian Greyhound has existed for several centuries since its traces can be found in ancient Egypt. Dog of the court of the pharaohs, it is not the result of a crossbreeding like the Whippet, but can boast of its ancient origins. Mummies of the ancestors of the Italian Greyhound have even been discovered. Landing in Italy around the 5th century BC, it conquered the hearts of Italian matrons. This dog even became a reference during the Renaissance, as the paintings in its effigy attest. It was not until 1968 that the breed standard was definitively established.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Italian Greyhound


The Italian Greyhound is a reserved, shy and placid animal. But he is also full of dynamism and cheerfulness and only shows this aspect of his personality towards people he trusts, in this case, his family. Moreover, he is considered slightly sticky. He is a city and apartment dog who appreciates comfort and gentleness and will not be reluctant to sit by the fireplace to take a nap. But beware, do not imagine that it is a slipper. It needs to be exercised, its greyhound origins oblige.

Diet and main health problems of the Italian Greyhound


The Italian Greyhound can be affected by certain pathologies such as epilepsy, retinal disease or patella dislocation. We must be very careful with his bones which are quite fragile and his skin which is prone to cancer. Rain, wind and sun are not good for him. As far as his diet is concerned, it is advisable to increase the quantity of protein during the growth phase. And since the animal's teeth are fragile, it is better to choose a wet diet rather than a dry one.

Is it necessary to adapt the croquettes according to the age of your dog?

Your dog's diet is a subject that should be of concern to you every day, as it is directly related to his health and well-being. It is essential to keep him in good shape by giving him a daily food adapted to his age, weight, lifestyle, breed and even his state of health. Find out how to adapt your dog's diet to all stages of his life.

Why should you adapt your dog's kibble according to his age?


Dogs function like humans, i.e. their needs and nutritional capacities evolve over the course of their lives. A young puppy needs a more complete diet to grow and develop, an adult dog needs a food adapted to his lifestyle and weight, and an older dog needs to be fed kibble that respects his possible pathologies and the fragility of his teeth. It is therefore essential to choose the right kibble for your dogs according to their age group.

Respecting your pet's age when choosing his food is therefore essential to allow him to grow and age in good health. Indeed, the special feature of dog kibbles is that they are a complete diet, i.e. they contain everything the animal needs on a daily basis. Unlike us humans, who must combine several foods every day and vary them in order to get the right intake, dogs have a single food that covers all their nutritional needs. It is therefore imperative that this food contains the right ingredients at the right time.

Similarly, at each age, dogs do not have the same needs in terms of quantity. So don't pour his kibble blindly into his bowl. Always follow the dosages recommended by the manufacturers and/or the advice of your veterinarian. Indeed, a good diet can have the opposite effect if it is badly distributed!

Finally, kibbles are dry food. Therefore, for the well-being of your pet, remember to leave a bowl of fresh and clean water available at all times so that he can hydrate himself properly.

Which kibbles for a puppy?


The puppy is a young animal that has not completed its growth. In order to grow well, he needs kibble that meets the needs of his body. Indeed, the puppy cannot eat adult dog food or kibble for older dogs.

His food must respect his young age, his growth, but also the risk of malnutrition and obesity, which are particularly frequent at this stage of his life. Small dogs should be fed puppy food until 12 months of age, and until 24 months of age for large dogs.

We advise you to feed your young dog special puppy food. You will find quality products at the right price in stores and specialized stores. From a young age, your dog should be given a balanced diet and quality kibble. If these are more expensive to buy, they are also much better for his health and contain all the nutrients that are essential for his good development. You'll save money by consulting the vet less, since your dog will be in better shape. Therefore, avoid low prices!

How to feed an adult dog?


Adult dog nutrition has more variables. In fact, once it has reached its adult size and completed its growth, the dog's needs evolve. His food must now respect his breed and take into account his physical activity, his weight and possibly his pathologies.
  • Respecting weight is important, because it prevents an overweight dog from becoming obese or, on the contrary, prevents a slimmer animal from losing more weight.
  • Respect for physical activity is also important. Indeed, a dog that exercises daily burns a lot of calories and needs a richer diet. On the contrary, a dog that moves little and tends to be overweight should be given a lighter food.
  • Respect for the breed may seem trivial, but it is essential. Indeed, each breed has its specificities. In particular, small breed dogs are more nervous in general and therefore burn many more calories than large breed dogs, which is why they need adequate nutrition. Conversely, if you feed a large dog Yorkshire kibble, he will gain weight very quickly.
  • Respect for pathologies is also a point to be taken into account, as feeding can help to relieve or prevent weaknesses in certain breeds or disorders developed by certain dogs. Examples include urinary disorders, obesity, digestive disorders, growth disorders, diabetes, etc.

What is the right diet for an older dog?


An older dog has specific needs, such as a puppy. Indeed, his body ages and his metabolism becomes fragile. Not to mention that he has to deal with various disorders, such as a tendency to accumulate fat, hydration disorders, fragile teeth, etc.

Consequently, it is essential to give your senior dog a food adapted to his age. This food is less rich in fat and contains better quality ingredients and different dosages to limit digestive disorders and the development of pathologies.

The croquettes for senior dogs sold in stores and specialized stores are very good, provided that you always opt for quality brands. This way, you will be sure to respect your dog's nutritional needs and better maintain his health.

Poisoning your dog: how to react?

When a dog is a victim of poisoning, its owner must react urgently but with discernment because certain attitudes can aggravate the animal's state of health and even lead to its death. It is therefore better to know the various symptoms that may indicate poisoning in order to be able to deal with it properly. However, the cause of the poisoning must be identified because the same care should not be applied in all cases. Let's take stock of the situation.

Poisoning of the dog: the different causes


A dog can be poisoned by :
  • A toxic household or industrial product,
  • Plants such as lily of the valley, acacia, yucca, oleander, ficus, cyclamen, hydrangea, anemone and many others, some of them deadly,
  • A drug intended for human use,
  • A poison such as a rat poison for example,
  • Contaminated food,
  • A food of good quality but which he cannot digest because it is not intended for him.
About toxic foods, one of the best examples is dark chocolate which contains a little caffeine but is very rich in theobromine, an alkaloid. While it is excellent for humans, it is extremely toxic for dogs. Indeed, only 2 grams of dark chocolate per kilo can lead to fatal poisoning in dogs, i.e. 30 g for a 15 kg animal, for example. Only half of this can lead to the death of the dog if, in addition, he is allergic to one of the components of cocoa!

The owner of the poisoned animal can immediately see that his dog is not well at all, without knowing the reason. It is very important not to trivialize the animal's condition and to react as quickly as possible, but to keep a cool head in order to reassure his little companion.

Poisoning in dogs: the symptoms


Different manifestations can lead to the suspicion of dog poisoning. For example, we can see for example :

An increase in the dog's body temperature.

It should be noted that in normal times it is between 38.3 and 39.2°C. If in doubt, it is useful to take the rectal temperature of the animal with an appropriate thermometer. Although this is not a specific sign of poisoning, a high fever is already proof that something is wrong.

A pulse rate of more than 180 beats per minute.

This alone justifies an emergency consultation. To examine his dog's pulse, the owner can simply put his hand on the left side of his little companion's chest and count the beats of his heart for 20 seconds. By multiplying the result by 3, he obtains approximately the number of beats per minute (the pulse is not always ultra regular). It is also important to note if this pulse is perfectly regular or not in order to inform the veterinarian.

A change in the color of the dog's tongue and gums.

Everything is fine if they are pinkish. On the other hand, if the color of the tongue and gums turns purple, dark red or on the contrary white, there is really a reason to worry. Similarly, a pressure with the thumb on the gums of the dog, should not generate a bleaching that lasts more than 2 or 3 seconds.

The dog seems to be suffering.

Intoxication generally leads to more or less violent abdominal pain.

In addition to these manifestations, certain symptoms can confirm the poisoning of the dog, such as :
  • An important salivation,
  • Vomiting,
  • Diarrhea,
  • Tremors,
  • A refusal to eat,
  • A deep panting that lasts more than half an hour despite the animal's resting,
  • Unexplained excitement,
  • Breathing difficulties,
  • Heart problems,
  • Disorientation,
  • Muscle spasms,
  • Difficulty walking,
  • A loss of balance to the point that the animal can no longer stand on its feet,
  • Bleeding.
The poisoned dog does not experience all of these symptoms, but several of them, and the list varies depending on the poison he has ingested.

It is very important that the owner who suspects that his dog has been poisoned make a careful note of all the symptoms and signs that his little companion is showing in order to report them to the veterinarian. It is also necessary to note the hours and duration of these manifestations and their evolution. This can be very useful to the professional and allow him to diagnose the poisoning as quickly as possible.

If the poison is identified by the master, it is obviously essential to bring the packaging or the bottle during the consultation. In any case, it is necessary in any case to take note as soon as possible of the indications carried on the packaging such as the exact composition of the product but also the telephone number of the poison control center to be dialed without delay.

Of course, the dog may have been poisoned outdoors during one of his solo trips. The identification of the poison is in this case rather difficult.

How to react when your dog has been poisoned?

Even if the owner does not yet have confirmation that his dog is indeed a victim of poisoning, at the slightest doubt he must imperatively :
  • Go in emergency to the veterinary clinic of his area or to the office of his usual veterinarian.
  • Call a poison control center or the number indicated on the package of the suspected product.
Each poison control center specialized in animal health is reachable 24/7. Neither is subsidized. Only voluntary donations from the public and contributions from veterinarians enable them to function. The information and advice provided is of high quality as it is provided by researchers as well as veterinarians and students who are studying to become veterinarians.

Poisoned dog: what not to do


In order not to accelerate the circulation of the toxic substance in the animal's body, under no circumstances should the dog be given water or milk to drink or even try to make him eat.

Never try to make a dog vomit if poisoning is suspected, as vomiting can cause severe burning of the esophagus.

Dogs should not be given any type of medication.

The dog is a greedy animal well known for its gluttony. It is therefore particularly exposed to the risk of poisoning because it is capable of eating anything, even if it is perfectly fed by its owners. To protect your dog, try to teach him from an early age not to accept any food from a stranger and not to eat anything that has not been given to him by his master. Thus, if these fundamental principles are perfectly instilled in the animal, he will not get into the habit of eating whatever he finds during his escapades, whether in the city or in the country.