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The Alaskan Klee Kai, a miniature version of the Husky dog

You always dreamed of adopting a Siberian Husky but unfortunately because of its large size, you were always forced to give up the idea? With the Alaskan Klee Kai, you will now be able to make your dreams come true. This miniature version of the Husky will make you happy.

Characteristics of the Alaskan Klee Kai


Its small size makes more than one crack. The Alaskan Klee Kai resembles its ascendant, the Siberian Husky. Except that it measures only between 33 and 42 cm for a weight ranging from 4 to 11 kg. The breed comes in three varieties: the Toy, the Miniature and the Standard. The canid has a medium-long coat, well furnished and double with a dense undercoat, but soft to the touch. In general, the coat is bicolor with white as a base. The coat can be grey and white or black and white. On the other hand, the dog must reveal the traditional markings of the Nordic dog and wear a mask. The Alaskan Klee Kai has a pointed muzzle like that of a fox with black lips and nose. The almond shaped eyes are medium in size. The ears are carried high, erect and lined with hair.

History of the Alaskan Klee Kai breed


Originally from Alaska, the Alaskan Klee Kai was born in the 1970s. He was born under the impulse of the American breeder Linda S. Spurlin who aspired to obtain a Husky, but in miniature version. Several crosses were therefore made between the Siberian Husky, American eskimo dogs or Schipperkes, the whole being to obtain a dog of reduced size without dwarfism. It is only in 1988 that the first specimens were officially presented by the breeder. The Alaskan Klee Kai remains relatively rare not only in Europe, but also in the rest of the world. For the moment, it has not yet been officially recognized by the Central Canine Society nor by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI).

Necessary living conditions and behaviour of the Alaskan Klee Kai


Do not rely on its small size. The Alaskan Klee Kai may be small, but one thing is certain: he has a temperament. He is a real ball of tireless energy that will make children happy. However, children must learn to respect him and avoid pushing or teasing him. He can quickly become annoyed. Very alert, this dog is also curious and affectionate towards his family. On the other hand, he will have reservations about strangers. Like all Nordic dogs, the Alaskan Klee Kai is a predator. It is difficult to live with small animals and cats. One of its advantages is that it can live in an apartment as long as it gets a lot of daily exercise.

Diet and main health problems of Alaskan Klee Kai


Alaskan Klee Kai can develop certain pathologies such as hemophilia, heart malformation or thyroid problems. Eye disorders are not to be ruled out either. As it is an active and dynamic dog, it must absolutely enjoy a rich diet without being excessive because it is a dog predisposed to being overweight.

The Presa Canario, an imposing dog

The imposing size of the Presa Canario is a deterrent. Even if he is not aggressive, his physique allows him to fully assume his role as a guard dog. Powerful, agile, it is an animal that impresses more than one. He can also be an excellent companion dog, faithful, calm and devoted.

Characteristics of the Presa Canario


The Presa Canario is a majestic animal distinguished by a muscular body and a developed bone structure. This large dog of molossoid type forces respect with its height at the withers of 61 and 66 cm in males for an approximate weight of 65 kg. The females are also impressive as they have a height at the withers of 56 to 62 cm for a weight varying between 40 and 55 kg. They are longer than the males. This dog develops a compact, massive, broad head, with a brachycephalic appearance and marked by powerful jaws.

Of medium size, the eyes are oval shaped and have a dark brown color. The medium sized ears are set wide apart and drop at the base. The Presa Canario can be recognized by the black mask covering its muzzle. A peculiarity of this dog, regardless of the coat. The latter can be brindle or fawn, in all kinds of shades. The base of the neck and the chest reveal white markings. As for the coat, it is short, rustic and without undercoat.

History of the Presa Canario


The Presa Canario is a symbol in Gran Canaria where it originates. It is a Spanish island located off the Atlantic Ocean and included in the Canary Islands. This breed is ancient since it is mentioned as early as the 16th century. On its native island, it was mainly used as a fighting dog. The Presa Canario is believed to be a cross between the Bardino, also native to the Spanish island of Fuerteventura, some molossoids and the mastiff. This dog almost disappeared after the prohibition of fighting. Its official recognition only dates from 2011.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Presa Canario


After a long career as a fighting dog, the Great Dane is nowadays a working and guard dog. But he is also an excellent companion dog. He will ardently protect his family and can evolve with children thanks to his calm and peaceful temperament. It is a devoted and balanced animal that is very distrustful of strangers. The latter can become frightened because of the animal's very serious barking. Another thing: the Presa Canario needs a lot of physical exercise and will enjoy running for a long time. Therefore, it only adapts itself to sporting masters.

Diet and main health problems of the Presa Canario


The Great Dane is a robust dog that is not afraid of humidity or cold. He has a very long growth which only ends after the 30th month. Like large dogs, it can be prone to hip dysplasia. Skin diseases such as demodecic scabies should be watched for. The same goes for epilepsy or osteoporosis.

The Saarloos Wolfdog, a wolf in a dog's body

A wolf in a dog's body is what characterizes the Saarloos Wolfdog. This wild, powerful and muscular looking breed impresses by its physique. Beyond that, it is a trustworthy and faithful animal that plays its role as a companion dog wonderfully.

Characteristics of the Saarloos Wolfdog


The Saarlos Wolfdog is a large, tall, leggy animal that is especially distinguished by its powerful bones, yet without any heaviness. It has an imposing, muscular and harmonious body and measures between 60 and 70 cm for females and 65 to 75 cm for males with a weight of 30 to 45 kg depending on the sex. This breed resembling the wolf develops a broad and flat skull with a harmonious size and constitution in comparison to the body.

The almond-shaped eyes are yellow in color, a characteristic that recalls that of the wild animal. His gaze is reserved, attentive, but without fear. The ears are triangular and have rounded tips. They are placed at eye level. In addition, the Saarlos Wolfdog reveals a beautiful coat that can have different colors: light beige, gray, white, dark brown ... The coat depends on the seasons. In summer, the top coat is denser. And in winter, it is the undercoat which is more important and becomes abundant with the top coat.

History of the Saarloos Wolfdog breed


The Saarlos Wolfdog was born in the Netherlands under the impulse of the breeder Lendeert Saarloos. He wanted the domestic dog to regain its natural characteristics. He then decided to cross a European wolf with his German Shepherd Dog. The first results were a failure since the descendants of the couple died in turn. Then finally, one specimen resisted and it was from there that reproduction began. In 1975, the breed was recognized by the Dutch Kennel Club. The International Canine Federation (FCI) officially recognized the Saarlos Wolfdog in 1981.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Saarloos Wolfdog


Having no attacking instinct, the Saarlos Wolfdog cannot take on the role of defense and hunting dog. He will rather be a companion dog affectionate towards his masters and a great hugger. They are independent and reserved especially towards strangers. However, he is very tolerant of children and remains sociable towards his fellow dogs. He also has an active and energetic nature and adapts himself to sporting masters. In addition, it is a dog with a strong capacity of observation and a sharp intelligence. As he is at the same time very distrustful, independent and a bit stubborn, his education remains complicated.

Diet and main health problems of the Saarloos Wolfdog


The Saarlos Wolfdog is known for its robustness. It is a dog that rarely gets sick. However, he is not spared from certain hereditary diseases such as hip dysplasia, dwarfism, eye diseases or degenerative myelopathy. He needs a preferably natural diet based on bones, raw meat, fruit and cereals.

Epilepsy in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, Treatments and Prevention

Epilepsy is a chronic disease quite common in certain breeds of dogs that is not among the prohibitive vices. Let's find out in detail its main manifestations, if there are risks of complications for the animal, what are the treatments to treat seizures related to epilepsy in dogs and if it is possible to prevent this pathology.

Epilepsy: a more common disease in certain breeds of dogs


Some of the dog breeds most at risk for epilepsy include :
  • The Boxer,
  • The Poodle,
  • The German Shepherd,
  • Labrador,
  • The Dachshund,
  • The Beagle.
There are two types of epilepsy in dogs:
  • Primary epilepsy: without an identified cause, it can occur in a dog that is not predisposed and in excellent health,
  • Secondary epilepsy: it suggests an underlying pathology. This form of epilepsy requires not only medical follow-up but also additional tests to accurately diagnose the cause of the so-called secondary epilepsy. It can have for origin :
    • An intoxication by a chemical product,
    • An infection,
    • A brain tumor,
    • Head trauma,
    • Kidney pathology.
Diagnosing these health problems in dogs as early as possible is very important so that the animal can be taken care of by a veterinarian and epileptic seizures can be avoided.

Symptoms of epilepsy in dogs in three phases


Epilepsy manifests itself by convulsive seizures, more or less frequent, sometimes very impressive. The seizure occurs when an abnormal electrical discharge occurs in the brain. In the vast majority of cases, an epileptic seizure occurs in three phases, each of which can be identified by a set of symptoms, namely :

Pre-seizure: phase number 1

The dog seems quite active and wanders around aimlessly while licking his chops insistently. Then he vomits, urinates without seeming to be aware of it and salivates a lot. He seems anxious, stressed, which manifests itself differently from one dog to another, either by complaints, an insistent search for caresses, or untimely barking. In some cases, the dog tries to get away from his owners as if he was trying to be alone.

The crisis: phase number 2

This is the phase during which the convulsive seizure takes place, which impresses and moves the owner of the epileptic animal very much.

Every muscle is suddenly very tight, the dog's limbs become stiff. This is when the dog falls to the ground. He is shaking and his legs keep moving. The fact that his head is positioned backwards is another sign of the epileptic seizure. In some cases, the tongue turns blue, the dog drools and groans. Vomiting may also start again. The dog breathes quickly, sometimes with difficulty.

Post-seizure: phase number 3

This is the phase following the epileptic seizure. The dog seems a little haggard, still lying on the ground and immobile at first. He gets up after a few seconds or minutes, sometimes after several unsuccessful attempts. Afterwards, for one to several days, the dog does not have the same confidence as before the seizure when he moves around, he even seems to be a victim of a great weakness. He drinks and eats more than usual. In some cases, the dog's eyesight changes, declining alarmingly as the dog seems to no longer see, but this loss of visual acuity is fortunately of short duration.

How is epilepsy diagnosed in dogs?


It is essential to take your dog to the veterinarian when you have witnessed an epileptic seizure, especially if the seizures are relatively long and/or frequent. It is very important that the owner of the animal has taken care to note beforehand the course of the different phases of the seizure, their duration, the symptoms. This will allow the veterinarian to determine what type of epilepsy the dog is suffering from.

After a clinical examination, the animal undergoes additional tests such as :
  • A blood test,
  • An imaging exam such as :
    • MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging).
    • The scanner.
It is just as frequent that a dog with epileptic seizures undergoes an electroencephalogram so that the activity of its brain can be analyzed as well as the general state of this intracranial organ.

Can epilepsy be treated in dogs?


As far as is currently known, there is no treatment that can cure primary epilepsy in dogs. However, a dog can live with primary epilepsy for a very long time if he is regularly monitored by his veterinarian. Injectable solutions are sometimes used to stop epileptic seizures that last several minutes. As for brain activity, it can be reduced with in-depth treatment. The only purpose of this medication is to reduce the frequency of seizures, which improves the comfort of life for a dog with epilepsy.

In secondary epilepsy, the underlying disease causing the seizures can be treated and the seizures can be stopped.

Epilepsy in canids: can it be prevented?


It is imperative that any pathology that may be at the origin of secondary epilepsy be treated early. This caution can really prevent the dog from suffering from it for the rest of his life. Every owner must therefore always listen to his pet, observe it, and make sure that everything is fine. Ideally, you should take your dog to the vet at least once or twice a year for a small check-up. At the slightest doubt, the specialist can carry out a health check to detect a disease.

At the same time, it is of course essential to make sure that your dog is always up to date with his vaccinations. The vaccine is very useful to protect the health of his little companion against more or less serious diseases.

Epilepsy in dogs inevitably involves considerable expense for the owner. Some people cannot have their pets treated because they do not have the financial means to do so. However, it is important to know that the sums incurred for veterinary procedures can be reimbursed at least partially by an animal health insurance company.

The Bouvier des Flandres, a dog with the airs of big teddy bears

Don't be fooled by his big teddy bear look under his thick tuft of hair. The Bouvier des Flandres is a very dynamic dog that needs a lot of physical exercise: the perfect companion for sporting families, especially since this dog has a lot of love to give.

Characteristics of the Bouvier des Flandres


Belonging to the family of sheepdogs and cattle dogs, the Bouvier des Flandres is a large dog measuring 59 to 65 cm for females and 62 to 68 cm for males, with a weight ranging from 27 to 40 kg depending on the sex. It is an animal with a stocky, powerful and graceful body. Despite this imposing physiognomy, it does not develop any heaviness. It has a head which seems massive, but which finally, remains proportional to the rest of the body.

The Bouvier des Flandres des Flandres has a beard and a moustache that give it a cheerful and sympathetic look. His head is haloed by two triangular ears, half-long, round at the ends, which are set high. They fall on the cheeks when they are whole. The eyes for their part are of dark color and oval shape. All the beauty of the Bouvier des Flandres lies in its semi-long, dry, rough and abundant coat. The standard authorizes several colors of coats in particular coal, brindle, gray or black.

History of the Bouvier des Flandres breed


The Bouvier des Flandres comes from the region of Flanders located between Belgium, France and the Netherlands. However, its origins remain rather unclear. In France, it is said to be a cross between the ancestor of the Berger de Beauce and a Griffon. In Belgium, however, it would be a descendant of the Bouvier de Roules. Faced with all these polemics, the International Canine Federation (FCI) finally decided that the Bouvier des Flandres would have both Belgian and French origins. Initially, it was mainly used for the surveillance of cattle herds. In particular, it ensures their protection against predators at night. Today, thanks to its olfactory qualities, its physical capacities and its instinct, it has become the ally of the forces of law and order in the work of tracking.

Necessary living conditions and behaviour of the Bouvier des Flandres


The Bouvier des Flandres is an intelligent animal with a balanced character. It is faithful, affectionate and develops a strong instinct of protection and courage. This is why it excels as a guard dog. As he is reasoned and calm, he is perfectly able to evolve in an environment with children. To become obedient, he needs a gentle and firm education. Note that this dog is reserved towards strangers. He also has difficulty to bear solitude. In addition, it is an animal that needs to get as much physical exercise as possible. Going jogging in the morning with his owners will do him a lot of good.

Diet and main health problems of the Bouvier des Flandres


The Bouvier des Flandres needs a rich and varied diet based on tripe, meat, pasta, rice, cereals and vegetables. He can also eat industrial food as long as it is of excellent quality. On the health side, it is necessary to watch out for stomach torsion and hip dysplasia.

The Basenji, Nyam-Nyam terrier or Congo terrier

Revealing all the grace of a gazelle with its fine bones, proudly carried head and light body, the Basenji is appreciated for its royal look. It is a sporty, lively, gentle and adorable animal that will occupy a place of choice in any family if you know how to deal with it.

Characteristics of Basenji


The Basenji attracts all the attention by its morphology combining elegance and finesse. High on legs, it develops an average size between 40 and 43 cm. Its fine bones and its dry musculature make all its peculiarity. It reveals a correctly chiselled head of average width on which two pointed ears throne which bring all its charm to this dog. When they stand up, wrinkles appear on the forehead and sides, giving the animal a stunned look.

It has almond-shaped eyes, a dark color that expresses a bit of mystery. The Basenji has a short, tight, shiny and rather fine coat. It is generally bicolor (black and tan, black and white, black, fawn and white, etc.), but can also have a brindle or black coat. In principle the chest, tip and feet are white. Another specificity of this breed is its tail which forms a tight loop on the back and is carried high.

History of the Basenji breed


The Basenji is part of the closed circle of very old breeds of dogs. Its first traces were discovered 5000 years ago and since these many centuries, it seems that it has not changed much in appearance. This dog is said to be a descendant of the Egyptian greyhound and comes from Central Africa, more precisely from the Congo. After having disappeared for a while, it was rediscovered in the 19th century by British explorers. It was not introduced in Europe until the 20th century. Even if African tribes used the Basenji for small game hunting, as a guide in the forests or to warn of the presence of wild animals, today it will be appreciated above all as a pet, as it is not adapted to European game.

Necessary living conditions and behaviour of the Basenji


The Basenji clearly does not look like other dogs. First of all, he doesn't bark. But that doesn't mean that he is silent. Rather, it emits vocalizations or chuckles that are quite typical. This animal is very intelligent, rather lively and very affectionate towards its masters. On the other hand, it does not appreciate strangers too much. Another thing, it can evolve with children, but it is preferable that they grow up with it. The Basenji is also an independent, active and athletic dog. Ideally, he has large spaces at his disposal, as he used to be when he was a hunter in Africa. He is also known to be very stubborn and does not like orders. This is why he needs expert masters in dog education.

Diet and main health problems of Basenji


Basenji is in good health, although certain pathologies such as Fanconi syndrome, a hereditary disease manifested by kidney disorders, should be monitored. In addition, this animal can be affected by ocular degeneration, groin hernia or hip dysplasia. To ensure his iron health, he needs a balanced and good quality diet, without an excess of treats, as he is a dog easily prone to being overweight.