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The Maltese, a small dog with an immaculate white coat

Its immaculate white coat attracts all the attention. Even more, the Maltese seduces for its small face and its reduced size. But don't be fooled by appearances. Behind its touching air, this ball of hair has temperament.

Characteristics of the Maltese

The Maltese stands out right away by its small size. The males are between 21 and 25 cm and the females between 20 and 23 cm for a weight between 3 and 4 kg for both sexes. It has a large head with drooping ears in the shape of a triangle that are carried high on the skull. The eyes are dark, round and small. Another distinctive feature of the Maltese is its pure white coat. However, it can also be pale ivory. The hairs are very long and of an incomparable brilliance. They are smooth and very soft. In some dogs, they can reach a length of 20 cm.

History of the Maltese breed

Contrary to what one might think, the Maltese is a very old breed. Its origins date back to antiquity. Aristotle (384-322 B.C.) already mentioned him at the time, calling him "canes melitenses" which means "Maltese dog" in French. Another version tells that this dog takes its name from the Phoenician word "malàt" which means "port" and which is a name used in Melita, a Sicilian city. The breed is the result of crossbreeding between the Miniature Poodle and the Italian Bichon. However, there would be so many uncertainties about the true origins of this breed that knowing the true starting point would be difficult.

Living requirements and behavior of the Maltese

The Maltese is a pet dog par excellence. This does not prevent it from needing to go for walks every day for at least half an hour. Remember to protect your dog when the temperature drops, as he has trouble with the cold. As he is small, he will have no problem living in an apartment.

But before taking in a Maltese, it is important to know its character to avoid unpleasant surprises. Despite its small size, this dog has a temperament and can sometimes be proud and even sensitive. Some defects that we tend nevertheless to forget quickly in front of its cracking ball. The Maltese is also lively and intelligent.

Food and main health problems of the Maltese

As it is a rather dynamic animal, it needs an energetic diet based on cereals, rice, fish, meats, carrots or green vegetables. Its meals must be rich in calcium, vitamins and proteins. With the right diet, the Maltese can live a long life up to 12 years. In any case, this breed is not prone to specific diseases. It is simply necessary to pay attention to the eye problems like otitis as well as the dental pains in particular at the level of the gums.