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The Jack Russell Terrier, a lively and affectionate little dog

The Jack Russell Terrier owes its name to Pastor John Russell. Despite its small size, this dog is full of vitality, he needs to spend time. That's why he'll be happier in the country than in an urban area. Affectionate and intelligent, he appreciates children's games and family life.

Characteristics of the Jack Russell Terrier

Belonging to the Terrier group, the Jack Russell Terrier is intriguing because of its small size, ranging from 25 to 30 cm for both males and females. Its body is rather long than high and quite muscular with a broad chest and a drooping tail that should be at the same level as the ears if it is docked.

At the level of the head, the skull is of average width and becomes increasingly small until the muzzle. The stop is defined without being very accentuated. The ears are drooping and in buttons. They are of fawn color or white simply. The jack russell terrier has a short coat that is either hard, smooth or wiry. The coat has black spots or tan markings that are less accentuated.

History of the Jack Russell Terrier breed

The Jack Russell Terrier originated in England in 1880. It was born under the impulse of the pastor John Russell who was a great amateur of fox hunting. For this activity, he developed a breeding of hunting dogs. He selected the best breed of terriers, taking care to choose only the most skilful subjects for hunting. He wanted them to be small so that the dogs could slip into the burrows without difficulty. Several crosses were then made, in particular with other breeds of terriers with a variegated or single-colored coat. The breed was recognized in 1990 by the English Kennel Club, of which John Russell was one of the founders.

Living conditions and behavior of the Jack Russell Terrier

The Jack Russell Terrier is very popular with families looking for a pet. However, when adopting this breed, it is important to keep in mind that it is initially a very dynamic hunting dog that should preferably evolve in an environment with large spaces. The ideal would be to offer him a house with a garden, without which the owners will be obliged to walk him regularly every day so that he can spend his energy. Because of its vitality, this dog is not suitable for the elderly or those with a sedentary lifestyle. New owners will need to enjoy outdoor physical activities or walks in nature.

Jack Russell Terrier Diet and Major Health Concerns

One of the Jack Russell Terrier's greatest strengths is its hardiness. It does not develop diseases or health problems in particular except if it comes from a poorly controlled reproduction as inbreeding. It can nevertheless be prone to hyperactivity.

As for the food, it must be rich and balanced because the Jack Russell Terrier is a very active animal and needs a maximum of nutrients. It is possible to give him traditional home-made meals or premium kibbles once a day.