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The Norfolk Terrier, dog with a mini format

The Norfolk Terrier, not to be confused with its cousin the Norwich Terrier, is a small-sized dog originally used as a hunting dog. Today, it has succeeded in a brilliant reconversion as a pet very appreciated by families because of its mini-format and its friendly nature.

Characteristics of the Norfolk Terrier

A small, hardy dog, the Norfolk Terrier is recognizable by its compact, low-slung physique. To be accepted by the standard, it must not be excessively heavy, go towards the "toy" format nor be too graceful. The dog must measure on average between 25 and 26 cm and weigh an average of 5 kg depending on sex and age. Apart from its small size, the Norfolk Terrier is appreciated for its irresistible face. It has a hairy head with a more or less rounded and wide skull. The muzzle is wedge-shaped, the stop is accentuated, the jaws are strong and the lips are tight. The eyes express dynamism. They are oval and have a dark brown or black color. The ears for their part have slightly rounded tips, are V-shaped and of medium size. The flat and straight coat is rather rough to the touch. It is relatively dense on the neck and shoulders. The whiskers and eyebrows are also abundant. The coat is gray, black and tan, red or in wheaten tones.

History of the Norfolk Terrier breed

Coming from Great Britain, the Norfolk Terrier shares common origins with the Norwich Terrier, which is distinguished by its folded ears. This English breed was born from a cross between several British terriers and would have appeared in the eponymous city. It was mainly used as a ratter. This dynamic dog was known to catch vermin very easily in stables and farms as well as among the gypsies living in Norfolk. This breed, which is still rare today, received official recognition in 1964.

Living conditions and behavior of the Norfolk Terrier

Its small size does not prevent it from being a valiant warrior. The Norfolk Terrier is a fearless, lively, active and very energetic animal. It develops a strong hunting instinct as it was specialized in tracking pests. This sometimes leads him to want to chase smaller than him. On the other hand, he remains sociable towards other dogs if his socialization is done early. At home, the Norfolk-Terrier is gentle, affectionate and pleasant to live with. He likes the constant presence of his owners at his side. Because of his hunting background, he needs a lot of physical exercise to be happy and healthy.

Diet and main health problems of the Norfolk Terrier

The life expectancy of the Norfolk Terrier ranges from 12 to 15 years. Some can live up to 19 years. Diseases that can affect the breed include hip dysplasia, patella luxation or congenital heart disease such as mitral valve disease. Dogs can also become brachygnathic and prognathic.