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The Chihuahua, a small dog with a strong character!

You should not judge him by his small size: the Chihuahua has a strong temperament and is very suspicious of strangers who approach him or his owners. A character that shows his loyalty and attachment to his family. Better yet, its small size is not synonymous with poor health since this breed can live up to 20 years.

Characteristics of the Chihuahua

Its small size is the first detail that attracts attention when it comes to the physical characteristics of the Chihuahua. It is between 16 and 20 cm long and weighs between 1 and 3 kg. It has a well-structured and compact body, with a broad chest and a short, firm back. This balanced and harmonious constitution is one of the assets of this breed.

Their coat is short, soft and shiny, although it is not uncommon to see Chihuahuas with long, silky, fine hair. White, tan, cream or black: the coat can also have several colors. The eyes are another particularity of the Chihuahua: they are big and very expressive. The same goes for the ears, which are large, erect and very wide apart.

History of the Chihuahua breed

It is said that the Chihuahua originated in Mexico, in the state of Chihuahua. It would have been very appreciated by the Aztec princesses. Several engraved stones discovered in Mexico have brought to light canines whose resemblance to the Chihuahua is striking.

In spite of these legends, one thing is sure: the origin of this breed remains unclear. It could be much further back, because in a painting by Sandro Botticelli in 1482 called "Scenes from the life of Moses", we can see the image of a dog that looks like the Chihuahua. At that time, Europeans had not yet arrived in America. It is therefore said that this breed originated in China and was brought to America much later.

Living conditions and behavior of the Chihuahua

Playful and dynamic, the Chihuahua is characterized by its strong character. A way perhaps to compensate for its small size. In any case, it is not a dog that lets itself be done and it can emit strong barks in front of strangers in order to frighten them. Because of its size, this breed is an excellent companion dog but can also be used as an alarm dog. As it is a fighter, it is not afraid to take on much larger dogs. To avoid any problems, it is better to educate him from a young age so that he learns to control his fiery temperament.

As far as living conditions are concerned, he will be just as happy in an apartment as in a large house with a garden. But as he is very energetic, he must enjoy regular walks.

Diet and main health problems of the Chihuahua

The Chihuahua is not at all in poor health. On the contrary, it is very robust. Nevertheless, it can in some cases be subject to eye irritations as well as dental problems caused by tartar. Another point: as it is very dynamic, it can be victim of falls which can be fatal.

His diet should be rich in carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals and lipids which are provided by quality kibbles. Finally, a good hydration is essential.