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The Canaan Dog, a dog with a strong and athletic body

Behind its strong and athletic body, the Canaan Dog develops unique abilities in guarding. Calm and independent, it can also be a good pet that shows gentleness towards its family.

Characteristics of the Canaan Dog

Of medium size, the Canaan Dog has a strong and well-balanced physique that fits into a square. It reveals the airs of wild dog which make all its singularity. The animal measures on average between 50 and 60 cm and weighs between 20 and 27 kg. It is recognizable by its truncated cone-shaped head, which is correctly proportioned and of medium length. The skull is of good width and appears slightly flattened with a marked and shallow stop. The head also has tight lips, a black nose and a long, robust muzzle. The Canaan Dog has beautiful almond-shaped eyes that are slightly oblique and dark brown in color. The ears are short, erect, broad and set low. All the beauty of the Canaan Dog lies in its coat. It has short to medium hair without ever being long. This coat must have a hard texture and be tight. The standard accepts white, sable, variegated or black coats.

History of the breed Canaan Dog

Originally from Israel, the Canaan Dog's ancestors are the wild dogs of the Near East. It is a particularly old breed since it is mentioned in the biblical stories dating back to 3000 years BC. At that time it was called Kalef K'naan which meant Dog of Canaan. The animal was mainly used for defense and guarding homes and livestock. However, it was not until the 1940s that the first serious breeding of this breed appeared. The initiative was taken by Rudolphina Menzel. The recognition by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) will be itself late since it will be done only on November 23, 1966.

Living conditions and behavior of the Canaan Dog

The Canaan Dog is a primitive animal with exceptional guarding skills. Always on the alert, he will not let anyone enter the house without giving the alarm. Despite its intransigence regarding its territory, this dog does not show aggression. It is very attached to its owners and develops docility. Living with families with children is perfectly feasible. But so that the cohabitation is not chaotic, it is essential to educate the animal with firmness, respect and flexibility. Since it is a native dog, it has difficulty in following orders.

Diet and main health problems of the Canaan Dog

A positive point for owners, the Canaan Dog's hardiness prevents it from developing serious genetic diseases. Nevertheless, it is advisable to monitor the luxation of the patella and hip dysplasia. As far as his diet is concerned, he does not need any specific food. As long as it is adapted to his physical activities, his health, his weight and his age, it will be enough.