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The Australian Shepherd, an obedient dog with an energetic character

Rather obedient, the Australian Shepherd is especially known for its energetic character. This medium-length, fairly large dog is best suited to environments with lots of space because it needs to exercise.

Characteristics of the Australian Shepherd Dog

Classified as a large dog, the Australian Shepherd has a long, broad skull with floppy, triangular ears and almond-shaped blue, brown or amber eyes. The dog has medium length hair of straight or wavy type whose coat can be blue merle, black tricolor, red merle or red tricolor often highlighted with white or fawn spots. Its body is rather long with a raised chest and curved ribs. In general, males measure between 51 and 58 cm and weigh between 25 and 34 kg. Females are between 46 and 53 cm with a weight of about 19 kg and up to 26 kg on average.

History of the Australian Shepherd Dog

There is much debate about the history of this breed. However, it is known that even though it is called Australian Shepherd, this animal does not originate in Australia. According to the writings, it would have appeared rather among the Basques. In search of work, they would have migrated with their dogs in many countries, including Australia, known for its sheep farming. In the 1900's, some Basques left Australia for the United States. The skills of their dogs would have been so appreciated by the American farmers that they would have decided to develop the breed. The agility of the Australian Shepherd and its character are very appropriate in the control of flocks, especially of sheep.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Australian Shepherd

As in the beginning, the Australian Shepherd has remained a flock dog, needing a lot of energy to manage a flock. Over the years, he has continued to develop all this vivacity. That's why he needs a lot of space to spend his time. It is thus perfectly suitable for people who have a large garden. Adoring sports activities, he can accompany his master in the practice of mountain biking, trail, running, horseback riding or even cross-country skiing if he is trained.

The Australian Shepherd is very affectionate and very endearing but can express a character a little invasive. Although they love action, they are not at all a fighter and have a stable temperament. He is loyal and gentle and can be perfectly chosen as a pet for children. On the other hand, it does not appreciate solitude or being locked up. Under these conditions, the Australian Shepherd can make a little mess. Specialists do not recommend them for people looking for their first pet.

Diet and major health problems of the Australian Shepherd

The Australian Shepherd does not require any particular diet. It is recommended to give him 300 to 400 g of kibble but the amount will depend on his health, his age and his weight. It is best to feed him once a day, or twice a day at most.

With an average life expectancy of 13 years, the Australian Shepherd can be affected by a certain number of diseases, starting with congenital problems, notably the persistence of the ductus arteriosus, essentially in females. It can also be subject to hip problems, back problems or eye defects such as juvenile cataract, progressive retinal atrophy or collie eye anomaly. Epilepsy is also a potential health problem, as well as skin diseases.