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Group 5 dogs: Spitz and Primitive, what are the particularities?

Group 5 is divided into 8 sections, the dog breeds being grouped according to their morphology, while the other groups have been constituted by the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) and the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) according to the aptitudes of the canines. Here is the list of Spitz and Primitive type dogs found in Group 5, section by section, and their main characteristics.

First section of Group 5: Nordic Sled Dogs

We find here 4 dog breeds.
  • Alaskan malamute
  • Syberian Husky
  • Greenland Dog
  • Samoyed

Second section of Group 5: Nordic hunting dogs

This section consists of 10 dog breeds.
  • Karelian bear dog
  • Finnish Spitz
  • Russian-European Laika
  • West Siberian Laika
  • East Siberian Laika
  • Norwegian grey elk dog
  • Norwegian Puffin Dog
  • Norwegian black moose dog
  • Swedish Elkhound or Jämthund
  • Norrbotten Spitz

Third Section of Group 5: Nordic Guard and Sheepdogs

It includes 6 dog breeds.
  • Visigoth Spitz or Swedish Vallhund
  • Swedish Lapphund
  • Icelandic Sheepdog
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Finnish Lapphund
  • Norwegian Buhund

Fourth section of Group 5: European Spitz

This section includes the following breeds:
  • German Spitz (Deutscher Spitz):
    • Wolf Spitz,
    • Large white, brown or black Spitz
    • Medium Spitz white, wolf/grey shaded, brown or black, orange and other colors
    • Small Spitz white, brown or black, wolf/grey, orange and other colors
    • Pomeranian Spitz any color
  • Italian Volpino

Fifth section of Group 5: Asian Spitz and relatives

There are 12 dog breeds in this section.
  • Eurasier
  • Chow Chow
  • Bangkaew of Thailand
  • Japanese Spitz
  • Kai ken
  • Kishu Inu
  • Shiba Inu
  • Akita Inu
  • American Akita
  • Shikoku
  • Hokkaido Inn
  • Korean Jindo

Sixth section of Group 5: Primitive type

This section consists of 5 dog breeds.
  • Peruvian Hairless Dog
    • Large
    • Medium
    • Small
  • Mexican Hairless Dog
    • Standard
    • Intermediate
    • Miniature
  • Basenji
  • Pharaoh's dog
  • Canaan Dog

Seventh section of Group 5: Primitive hunting type

6 dog breeds constitute this section.
  • Corsican Dog Cursinu
  • Cirneco of Etna
  • Canary Cattle Dog or Podenco of the Canary Islands
  • Balearic Cattle Dog or Ibizan Podenco
    • wirehaired
    • Smooth-haired dog
  • Portuguese Podengo or Portuguese wild dog
    • large, long-haired and rough, short-haired and smooth
    • medium longhaired, smooth shorthaired
    • small longhair, smooth shorthair
  • Taiwan Dog

Group 5, section 8: Primitive type hunting dogs with linear back spike

This section has only 1 dog breed.
  • Mahtai or Thai Dorsal Crested Dog

Main characteristics of Group 5 dogs

Spitz-type dogs can be recognized by their tails, which they carry either curled over their backs or erect, and by their thick, soft coat. Their head is fine, their muzzle is pointed, and their ears are straight and triangular.

The dogs of the other sections of group 5 have only a few similarities with the Spitz, but they differ mainly because they were domesticated much longer ago. In addition, the domestication of these dogs is less marked, so they are not very well trained. They are sometimes considered as semi-wild breeds, hence the term "primitive", as their natural instincts are still quite present.

In the vast majority of cases, the dogs of this group are proud, quite independent. They are relatively wary of strangers, either out of shyness or fear, and they are recognized as having characteristics quite similar to those of the cat. This is why some breeders even give them the nickname of cat-dogs. We quickly realize that group 5 dogs have only one master to whom they are faithful, but sometimes have difficulty showing affection with other people.

Nevertheless, this group of dogs are endearing companions, capable of being protective of their adopted family members, especially children.

Which master for group 5 dogs?

These dogs must be trained with tact, patience, consistency, and in no case by bullying because they have a strong character. It is necessary to be careful before adopting a group 5 dog, the most biting being without question the Chow-chow. But besides this fact, you should not only be bewitched by their beauty. Too many people take in a sled dog because it is indeed fascinating, but do not have the disposition or knowledge to become the ideal owner of this type of dog.

Adopting one of these dog breeds requires careful consideration. These animals need peace and quiet because they are quite distant, but they also need a dynamic master because they need activity. The trust must absolutely be reciprocal so that master and dog become accomplices and are happy.