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Group 10 dogs: sighthounds, what are the particularities of these dogs?

Group 10 includes 13 dog breeds, validated by the Société Centrale Canine (SCC) and the Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI). All of them are ancient breeds of sight-hunting dogs with a disconcerting speed, it should be noted that the term sighthound comes from hare. These dogs have a very particular morphology. They are divided into 3 sections and classified according to the type of coat, except for some primitive or related sighthounds which are integrated into group 5. Here is the constitution of group 10 and the main specificities of these sighthounds.

First section of group 10 : Longhaired or fringed sighthounds

Section 1 has 3 dog breeds.
  • Borzoi (Russian hunting sighthound),
  • Afghan Greyhound,
  • Saluki:
    • Fringed-haired,
    • Shorthair.

Second section of group 10: Wirehaired Sighthounds

Only 2 dog breeds make up this second section.
  • Irish wolfhound,
  • Scottish Deerhound.

Third section of group 10: Shorthaired Sighthounds

There are 8 dog breeds in the 3rd and last section of group 10.
  • Polish Greyhound,
  • Hungarian Greyhound,
  • Spanish Greyhound,
  • Sloughi,
  • Azawakh,
  • Whippet,
  • Greyhound,
  • Italian Sighthound (Small Italian Sighthound).

Main physical characteristics of group 10 dogs

These dogs of the graioid type (the common term being sighthound) have a common anatomical characteristic, namely a dolichocephalic head. This means that the width of the head does not exceed 50% of its length. However, there are two exceptions due to their small size: the Italian Sighthound and the Dwarf Sighthound.

The phenotype of sighthounds is peculiar. In addition to their dolichocephalic head, they are long-limbed dogs. They are recognizable by their effaced stop, their more or less convex muzzle and forehead. We speak of a convex profile. Their neck is long and thin, their legs slender, their body tapered whose line strangely recalls that of the cheetah and some other felines. This aerodynamic shape and the lightness of these canines are characteristics that allow them to be classified among the fastest dogs.

Character of Group 10 Sighthounds

The greyhound seduces many people with its haughty, elegant appearance. Distrustful of strangers, Greyhounds are quite protective of their territory. They can be relied upon to guard a property. In the vast majority of cases, group 10 dogs are pleasant companions. They get along well with calm children of at least 7 years of age, the younger ones being generally too turbulent. Also, it is best to avoid adopting a Greyhound when there are very young children in the family.

They are real athletes who love to exercise. It is therefore preferable to have a garden or to enjoy long daily outings. However, they appreciate very much to be able to settle on an armchair or a sofa where they are able to spend several hours sleeping.

Underneath their reserved, sometimes even shy appearance, Greyhounds are quite playful. It is a good companion for humans, but also for pets, as long as it has been socialized at a young age. This is necessary for any dog breed anyway: the integration of a dog into any social network (human or animal) must start as early as possible.

The Greyhound is intelligent, loyal and very obedient. His education - as long as it is done consistently and gently - does not pose any particular problem. We are even quite surprised to see how quickly the dogs of group 10 obey their master, without blinking, at a finger's eye level. The main thing is to never rush a Greyhound because it is a sensitive dog.