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The Fila Brasileiro, dog with a powerful appearance

This Brazilian Mastiff impresses with its powerful appearance, typical of molossoids. This force of nature is best known for its bodyguard qualities. Naturally wary of strangers, he will protect his family from all types of dangers.

Characteristics of the Fila Brasileiro

Muscular, compact and powerful, the Fila Brasileiro's body has all the characteristics of a hound. Despite its large size and developed bones, the animal reveals a harmonious and well-proportioned construction. Moreover, it is a dog known for its agility. Females measure between 60 and 70 cm and males are between 63 and 75 cm. The weight varies from 40 to 50 kg. The head is heavy, large and massive, but balanced in relation to the rest of the body. It is distinguished by a muzzle that is shorter than the skull, an almost non-existent stop seen from the front, a black nose with large nostrils and strong jaws. The eyes are of medium size, almond-shaped and have a dark brown or amber color. The ears are rather large at the base, hanging and of accentuated thickness. They form a sort of V. The Fila Brasileiro has a short hair, but at the same time silky and very dense. The coat can be of various colors. Blue, black and tan, mouse gray and white are not allowed by the standard.

History of the Fila Brasileiro breed

There are several theories explaining the origins of the Fila Brasileiro. The most extensive research on this subject has shown that the breed arrived in Brazil thanks to the Dutch of the West India Company around the 17th century. It is said to be the result of a cross between several molossoids, including Mastiffs, Mastiffs and Bloodhounds. The animal was mainly used to guard the herds and the sugar cane plantations. In the 19th century, improvements were made to the breed and Spanish Greyhound blood was added so that the dog gained speed and agility. On January 1, 1960, it was officially recognized by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale).

Living conditions and behavior of the Fila Brasileiro

The Brazilian Mastiff has a deterrent aspect that tends to arouse fear. This is a good thing, since the main role of the animal is to guard by scaring strangers. It is clear that this dog does not like strangers, certainly because of its historical origins as a guard dog. He will protect his family against criminals and can even be aggressive if the situation requires it. A real quiet force, the Fila Brasileiro can also be calm, cuddly, sensitive, gentle, loyal and even a glue pot. He enjoys playing, but it is important not to make too much physical effort to spare his joints. Being obedient and docile, this dog is easy to train. For his well-being, it is better to offer him the tranquility of a country life rather than urban agitation.

Diet and main health problems of the Fila Brasileiro

The Fila Brasileiro is a robust animal, but its slow growth, like that of all molosses, requires an adapted lifestyle and diet. Over the years, some individuals may also develop herniated discs or hip dysplasia due to their large size.