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Why does my puppy chew on everything?

While there's nothing to worry about when your puppy starts chewing on everything around him when he's first discovering his environment, it can quickly become unbearable because as he gets older, if the chewing doesn't stop, it can cause damage throughout the house. But the puppy can also systematically chew on humans, which should not be allowed to happen. Let's see when chewing in puppies becomes abnormal.

When chewing in puppies is normal

In the puppy, from 2 ½ or 3 months of age and up to 5 months of age at the most, chewing can be considered quite normal. It occurs:
  • During teething in a good number of puppies because they need to chew. To prevent the young animal from chewing on everything in the house, the owner should invest in a few puppy toys.
  • When the young pet is playing or overexcited.
  • Don't chew too hard,
  • Stop chewing as soon as the owner tells him to,
  • That it does not decide to chew itself.
In this last case, chewing is a way for the puppy to communicate and get attention. However, it is important to teach your puppy certain educational basics from the start so that later on he won't become a biting dog. With patience, it is possible to obtain from the young dog :

In most cases, it is the female dog who teaches her pups to control the bite. But in puppies that were separated from their mothers too early, this education could not be completed.

How to teach your puppy not to bite

The intelligence of the dog is such that it allows the animal to know when it hurts with its teeth. If he chews too hard, you should tell him, always using the same word (Ouch, Ouch, etc.) and the same intonation, systematically accompanying the words with an immediate stop to the interaction. It shouldn't take long for him to associate his painful nibbling with his master stopping the game.

Of course, he must be congratulated and/or rewarded when he stops biting. To do this, you must resume the game because that's what the puppy expects. Little by little, he will learn to regulate the intensity of the bite and will understand perfectly that his master deprives him of playing (punishment) when he bites too hard and that it is not because he is playing that he is being punished. The point of these educational sessions through play is to get the puppy to control the pressure of his jaw and then not to use it to play.

This is exactly the same way to get the puppy to stop chewing on everything he finds.

When nibbling becomes biting

It is very important to differentiate between nipping and biting. It is essential to educate the puppy as soon as possible because if the owner is not careful, the animal will quickly understand that by hurting (biting, therefore) it can put an end to an interaction itself. If he is aware that by the impact of his teeth on his master's hand (or another person's) he can control an action, this can become problematic, even very serious because he will end up biting harder and harder, and more and more often. In this case, it will be impossible to trust him.

Biting in puppies can be a sign of a hyperactivity or behavioral problem when it becomes severe and persistent. For example, such behavior may reflect a fear of being abandoned. The puppy will chew on anything that has his owner's scent on it because it reassures him. However, this attitude occurs mostly in the absence of the master and stops as soon as he returns.

When the chewing habit does not go away despite the efforts of the owner to educate his little companion, solutions must be found. Indeed, if it is the expression of a latent aggressiveness, there is a risk that once adult, the dog bites. This can be very dangerous.

Whatever the reason, when the dog chews on everything it finds when it is starting to pass the age of this phase, it is often accompanied by other behaviors. He may urinate everywhere and even defecate in the apartment or house, bark incessantly, be bulimic, run away... This is the responsibility of a veterinary behaviorist, and you should not delay in consulting.

If no other abnormal behavior is observed, a dog trainer can be contacted to stop the biting. This professional is very familiar with the different language patterns of dogs and knows how to intervene in case of a behavior problem.