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The Border Collie, an intelligent dog that needs space

The Border Collie is a highly intelligent dog that has built its reputation on its many accomplishments as a herding dog. Although hard-working and very active, this dog also thrives as a family pet, provided it has space.

Characteristics of the Border Collie

Elegance and nobility are words that can describe the Border Collie's temperament. With a well-balanced body and a decidedly athletic physique, the dog's head is moderately broad and well-proportioned, with a strong muzzle tapering to the tip. The eyes are oval and set wide apart. The ears are of medium size. They can be straight or semi-erect.

The Border Collie has either a short or moderately long coat. The coat has several colors: black, brown, tricolor, tan, sand, blue, red, red merle tricolor ... A point characterizing the breed is the presence of the white color visible on the chest and legs. On the other hand, it must never dominate on the other colors.

History of the Border Collie breed

A herding dog, the Border Collie originated in the Borders, the border area between Scotland and England. It was first discovered in the 17th century, although at the time, the concept of "breed" did not yet exist. Surprisingly, all the shepherd dogs that came out of the Borders during this period had a lot of physical similarities even though no selection work had been done by the shepherds. They only took into account the physical aptitudes of the animal. Another surprising fact is that even though the breed is old, it was not officially recognized until the early 1980s.

Border Collies' living requirements and behavior

The Border Collie is one of the most intelligent breeds. It is capable of learning very quickly thanks to its remarkable alertness. This dog is happy when it feels useful and works. Despite their boundless energy, they remain very docile.

Because of its dynamic nature, this fun-loving dog must live in large spaces such as houses with gardens. He cannot live in an apartment. Regular walks are also required. If possible, do some physical activity with him to channel him.

For all these reasons, the Border Collie is not suited to sedentary or elderly people. On the other hand, he will blossom with children.

Feeding and major health problems of the Border Collie

The Border Collie is often the victim of ocular pathology such as progressive retinal atrophy or cataracts. The danger is that he will go blind at an early age. Since there is no effective treatment, it is important to make sure that breeding stock does not carry the disease so that puppies do not inherit it. Hip dysplasia and epilepsy are also frequently diagnosed in this breed.

In order to ensure an iron health, his diet must be taken care of. As he is very energetic, prefer quality kibbles purchased from specialized networks and which contain the nutrients necessary for his good development.