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Sterilization of the female dog: advantages and disadvantages

Many owners are reluctant to have their female dog spayed. However, they should know that this procedure, which is currently performed, has many more advantages than disadvantages. It is therefore a possible act as long as one does not wish to have puppies of course. Let's take a look at the many advantages of spaying a female dog and its few disadvantages.

To sterilize your female dog : the different methods

Surgical sterilization is preferable to medical sterilization (by pill) because it is better tolerated by the body in the long term. However, you must be sure that you do not want your female dog to reproduce because it is irreversible. There are two types of surgical sterilization:
  • Ovariectomy, which consists of the removal of both ovaries,
  • Ovario-hysterectomy which consists in removing the uterus in addition to the ovaries.
Tubal ligation can be performed, but this procedure is not recommended by professionals because it increases the risk of uterine infections. As for medical sterilization, it does not protect the animal against certain diseases, unlike the surgical method.

Sterilization of a female dog: the advantages

Whole female dogs are much more susceptible to disease than spayed female dogs. This is what encourages many owners to opt for this very common procedure, but not only. Here are its advantages.

Fight against dog overpopulation

Our country holds the European record for dog (and cat) abandonment, a record of which we have nothing to be proud of and the figures are chilling with nearly twelve animals abandoned every sixty minutes. Sterilization is encouraged by animal protection organizations which are directly impacted by the overpopulation of dogs since they take in these abandoned animals and are then very often forced to euthanize them.

No more new litters to take care of

You can own a female dog and not want to raise her puppies. Even if these animals are cute, taking care of a litter is not easy. It is difficult to manage when you work because these animals need attention in terms of daily care but also education. In addition, you need enough space to provide them with the best living conditions. Welcoming up to 8 puppies per litter in your home can be a real problem, including financially, as veterinary services are expensive.

It should be noted that it is very difficult to avoid an encounter between your female dog and a dog. A few minutes of inattention during a walk can be enough and it is without counting on the risks that a cunning dog crashes in the garden to cover the female dog in period of heat.

Putting an end to your female dog's heat

The inconveniences linked to heat are numerous, and motivate many owners to have their female dog sterilized. Each year, a female dog can go through at least two periods of heat, each lasting an average of three weeks, during which a mating with a male is usually followed by a pregnancy.

During her heat, the female dog loses blood (the amount varies from one animal to another) and changes her behavior. She is constantly looking for a cuddle, urinates more frequently, attracts males, tries to go out at any time and can even run away. She can have mood swings, cry for nothing and be more emotional than usual. She can also be aggressive during these times and fights between female dogs are not uncommon.

Benefits for the female dog's health

Having your female dog spayed reduces hormonal variations. This allows to protect her against :
  • Nervous pregnancies and consequently the rise of milk of pseudo-pregnancy,
  • Diabetes mellitus,
  • Uterine cysts,
  • Tumors of the uterus,
  • Vaginal tumors,
  • The risk of mammary tumors, provided that the operation takes place before the first heat. This protection is almost null if the female dog is sterilized after the age of 3 years.

Sterilization of the female dog: few disadvantages

It is possible that sterilization may cause urinary incontinence, mainly at night, but the veterinarian can prescribe a very effective treatment.

Sterilization can lead to weight gain in the female dog if the owner is not careful. This inconvenience is not systematic since it is enough to adapt the animal's diet and to avoid sedentary life because her energy needs decrease after sterilization. To limit weight gain, the female dog must exercise regularly and her food intake must be reduced.

The price of the sterilization of the female dog varies according to the type of surgical intervention chosen, the size of the animal, the post-operative treatment and the veterinarian since the rates are free. It can therefore be between 250 and 400 $. But by taking care to insure his female dog with an animal health insurance, the master can be reimbursed at least partially the expenses incurred. It is therefore interesting to insure your female dog as soon as possible and to opt for a formula without waiting period so that the contract is effective from the day of the signature. To find a suitable offer, you just have to use a dog health insurance comparator.