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The Tosa or Japanese Mastiff, a very impressive dog

Also known as the Japanese Mastiff, the Tosa is a former fighting dog that has been converted to defense and guarding. In France, it is considered an outlaw despite itself, because it is not registered in the genealogical books. In truth, however, it is a pleasant and patient dog that only asks to be loved.

Characteristics of the Tosa


The Tosa impresses with its robust construction and imposing size. It can be considered as a giant with its 70 or 80 cm and a weight of 60 to 90 kg depending on its sex and age. This physique does not take away from its elegance, which is present in its lines as well as in its behavior. The Tosa is recognizable by its large head with a very pronounced stop, a black nose, powerful jaws and a straight muzzle. The massiveness of its head contrasts with its small eyes giving off a dark brown color. The same goes for the ears which are relatively thin and small. They are set high on the head. The Tosa has a short but dense coat. The hairs are rough to the touch. The coat comes in several colors: red, apricot, fawn, brindle or black. The feet and the chest can present white parts.

History of the Tosa breed


The Tosa appeared in the south of Japan, more precisely on the island of Shikoku. In the country, the fights are a tradition which dates from the XIVth century. Enthusiasts wanted to obtain dogs capable of excelling in this activity and started crossing local breeds with those imported from Europe such as the Great Dane, the Mastiff, the Bulldog, the German Pointer, the Bull Terrier or the Saint Bernard. On April 1, 1964, the official recognition of the Tosa by the FCI was effective. In France more particularly, the breed is included in the category of "dangerous" dogs. If it has a pedigree, it is classified in category II, but without pedigree, it is relegated to category 1. It is therefore crucial to obtain all the necessary information before adopting a dog.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Tosa


One of the advantages attributed to the Tosa is that it is rather easy to live with. Unlike hunting dogs, it has a moderate need for spending, perfect for owners who are not very athletic. Be careful to choose the right dog sports, because being a category dog, it is not allowed to practice the ring or the sport biting. Its other asset? He can live in an apartment. He can live with children, but very strict rules must be put in place. The animal is not always aware of its size and can hurt the little one. Besides, the Tosa is patient, friendly, discreet and social. It tolerates solitude if it is busy and does not bark much.

Diet and main problems of the Tosa


The Tosa does not develop any specific health problems. But as with all large dogs, the risks of stomach distortion are to be monitored. As for the diet, it remains classic. Excesses should be avoided in order to avoid being overweight.