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Can you give your dog vegetables? Which ones and how much?

In order for your dog to have a balanced diet, which is essential for maintaining good health, he must eat a certain proportion of vegetables. But of course, you should only give him those that are suitable for his body. Let's see what vegetables your dog can eat and what portion he should eat.

What vegetables are allowed for your dog?


A dog's diet can contain a good proportion of vegetables. It is easy to remember the most indicated ones, since there are only 7 of them. Here is the list of vegetables that it is recommended to give to your dog.
  • Carrot,
  • Cucumber,
  • Zucchini,
  • Green bean,
  • Lamb's lettuce,
  • Sweet potato,
  • Pumpkin.
Each one brings its benefits to the animal. It is therefore wise not to always give him the same vegetables, but on the contrary to vary the vegetables or why not to offer him a small mix from the vegetable garden in order to enhance his portion of meat product and to bring to his body all the benefits of food of vegetable origin.

Vegetables that you can give your dog, with your eyes closed


It is generally known that the products of the orchard and vegetable garden are good for humans, but many owners are still very surprised to learn that some are just as beneficial for their dog. Each of the vegetables listed above has serious nutritional benefits, which is why it is important to vary the menus you prepare at home for your dog.

Here are the 7 vegetables that are good for your dog.

Carrots, for their beta-carotene

  • Improves the beauty of the coat, which becomes silky and shiny,
  • Helps prevent excess cholesterol if the dog is active every day and has a balanced diet,
  • Improves night vision,
  • Could limit the risks of visual impairment.
Carrots should be given mixed and well-cooked so that the dog can digest them, at a rate of 3 to 10 g/kg per day, for example between 30 and 100 grams for a dog weighing 10 kg.

Cucumber, for its richness in water

The cucumber is part of the Cucurbitaceae that can be given to your dog.
  • Rich in water,
  • Well provided in potassium, in vitamin K and in vitamin C,
  • Hypocaloric.
It is rehydrating, refreshing in summer, perfect when returning from a long walk in the nature under a blazing sun, while waiting for the meal, because the cucumber is also satiating. It is therefore preferable to a cake. It is perfect for all dogs, even those who tend to gain weight. It can be given raw, unpeeled, whole, sliced, cubed or mixed, up to 20 g/kg per day, i.e. between 20 and 100 g for a dog weighing 5 kg; between 80 and 400 g for a dog weighing 20 kg.

Zucchini, ideal for dogs to keep their figure

Zucchini is perfect for obese dogs and those who simply tend to be overweight, and of course for all other dogs. This cucurbit is well supplied with :
  • In water,
  • In potassium,
  • In vitamin C.
Satiating and rehydrating, zucchini should be steamed to preserve all its nutrients. Up to 20 g/kg per day, for example up to 80 g for a dog of 4 kg; 800 g for a dog of 40 kg.

Pumpkin, for its benefits on intestinal transit

Pumpkin is also a member of the Cucurbitaceae family and its slightly sweet taste makes it a favourite vegetable for dogs. The pumpkin is very well provided in :
  • Water,
  • Fibers,
  • Provitamin A,
  • Minerals and trace elements (iron, potassium, zinc),
  • Beta-carotene.
It regulates intestinal transit, which is perfect for dogs prone to constipation. It also helps to maintain a shiny and silky coat. It is given cooked, cubed, pureed or in a soup. From 2.5 to 20 g/kg per day, i.e. up to 100 g for a 5 kg dog; between 50 and 400 g for a 20 kg dog.

Green beans, to satisfy a dog with a big appetite

This vegetable is excellent for all dogs and is highly recommended for those with a tendency to overeat, as they are satiating. They are also interesting for their content in :
  • Water,
  • Omega 3,
  • Iron,
  • Potassium,
  • Fibers of vegetable origin,
  • Vitamins B, E, C,
  • Provitamins A.
In order to be easily digested by the dog, green beans should be given well cooked, either in water or steamed, which is even better to preserve the most nutrients. Up to 10 g/kg per day, i.e. from 50 to 200 g for a 20 kg dog; from 125 to 500 g for a 50 kg dog.

Lamb's lettuce, for its Omega-3 but not only

Lamb's lettuce is a very interesting food that it would be a shame to deprive your dog of. It is well supplied with 
  • Water,
  • Fiber,
  • Vitamins B9 and C,
  • Beta-carotene,
  • Omega 3.
Low in calories, easy to digest, lamb's lettuce is suitable for all dogs. It is mixed if given raw, but it can also be cooked. Between 2.5 and 5 g/kg per day, i.e. up to 15 g for a 3 kg dog; 50 to 100 g for a 20 kg dog.

The sweet potato, for its contribution in numerous nutrients

Native to tropical regions, it has a very sweet and pleasant taste that dogs generally like. From a nutritional point of view, it is a health ally because it has a GI lower than 50 when cooked (Index or Glycemic Index). This tuber is rich in :
  • Amino acids,
  • Vitamins,
  • Minerals,
  • Antioxidants.
Beneficial to the dog's health, the sweet potato is given cooked, in pieces or mashed, in pâté or in soup. Between 2.5 and 5 g/kg per day, i.e. up to 25 g for a 5 kg dog, 75 g for a 15 kg dog, 500 g maximum for a 50 kg dog.

All these good vegetables have many advantages to keep your dog in good shape and provide him with a good part of the nutrients he needs every day. Of course, you should supplement the rations with pasta or rice and meat. That's all it takes to keep your dog happy.

In any case, it is better to take some time to prepare your dog's meals yourself than to buy industrial dog food. Some of these commercial products are of good quality, but nothing beats unprocessed industrial food. Don't hesitate to ask your veterinarian about your dog's specific needs. This is also the best way to learn from professionals which foods should not be given to your pet.