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Hyperactive dog: how to calm him down?

Being the owner of a hyperactive dog is not easy. At any given moment, the animal becomes unpredictable and impossible to control. This crazy dog is in fact suffering from a developmental disorder. Let's take stock of its main cause, its main manifestations and the attitude to adopt in order to calm down a hyperactive dog.

Hyperactivity in dogs: the cause

Hyperactivity is normal in puppies. However, it stops spontaneously after a few months. On the other hand, it is no longer normal when this hyperactivity continues to manifest itself in an adult dog. The animal then presents a very unstable emotional state.

Hyperactivity affects dogs:
  • Whose mother died when they were entering their 4th week,
  • Who were weaned too early and/or physically separated from their mother also during the 4th week.
It can also occur if the dog was raised by an immature mother.

The 4th week is crucial for a puppy. It is at this very moment that he discovers play with his brothers and sisters. When their mother is present, she regulates all interactions between her puppies, born from the same litter. This is the time when the puppies learn to bite. The female dog teaches her pups to control the strength of their jaws. This is how, afterwards, a female dog that has passed this period in excellent conditions will be able to bite while playing but without causing pain.

The absence of a mother in the puppy at this precise time is an extremely important trauma that leaves indelible marks and that we find later in the animal's behavior.

How does hyperactivity in dogs manifest itself?

The main manifestations of canine hyperactivity are easily detectable in the animal's behavior.
  • Reacts instantly to any type of stimulus,
  • Eats very quickly,
  • Is constantly on the move,
  • Multiplies the effusive attitudes,
  • Barks as soon as it hears the slightest noise,
  • Begs without limit for activities, even during the night,
  • Plays in a completely uncontrolled way,
  • Rarely rests,
  • Disobeys constantly,
  • Is unable to control himself because he can hurt by biting.
At the slightest doubt, do not wait to consult the veterinarian.

How to deal with a hyperactive dog

The owner must always be very consistent with his animal. As soon as the dog bites, the owner must make sure that it does not do it again. In other words, the dog must learn that chewing on a person or an animal, even while playing, is absolutely forbidden. Be careful: children should never be left alone with a hyperactive dog.

This type of dog must be perfectly supervised on a daily basis. But to try to educate it, you must not shout at it or force it. You should not play with balls or other throwing games of any kind.

Best solutions for calming a hyperactive dog

Indifference works very well. The owner should turn his back to his dog to let him know that he has decided to ignore him. You should not look at him, talk to him or touch him.

Sudden gestures should be avoided. Adopting a calm attitude can have the effect of calming (moderately) a hyperactive dog. This animal also needs a routine to be a little calmer, such as eating or going out at the same time, following the same route when going out on a leash, etc.

As much as possible, we must try to tire the dog so that it is calmer. To do this, it is necessary to give the dog plenty of exercise through games and targeted routes, and to teach him to stop running or playing when his master tells him to. Firmness is required both in terms of behavior and voice. Of course, it is important to know the difference between giving a firm order and shouting.

There is still the medication solution. Certain psychotropic drugs are prescribed to hyperactive dogs when their owners are no longer able to control them. It is also possible to use pheromones that have an anti-stress effect.

It is imperative that the hyperactive dog be monitored by a veterinarian. He also needs to be seen regularly by a dog trainer and held by a confident owner who plays the role of dominant. However, it is common for owners of hyperactive dogs not to be able to cope and even to end up fearing their animal. In these circumstances, it is best to make the decision to place the dog in a foster home without children.