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The Affenpinscher, dog with a sulky expression

As one of the oldest toy dogs, the Affenpinscher is distinguished by its small size, but also its sulky expression that makes it look like a little monkey. Very good companion dog for both the elderly and children, it brings joy and dynamism in the home.

Characteristics of the Affenpinscher

Also known as the Mustachioed Imp or Monkey Terrier, the Affenpinscher is not a dog like the others and this is the least we can say. It is already distinguished by its small size. Measuring at the withers between 25 and 30 cm, it weighs barely 6 kg. This small dog develops a body inscribable in a square at the same time compact and robust. It remains rather strong for its small size. Another particularity of the Affenpinscher lies in its round face which reveals a simian expression as much by its grimacing aspect as by its shape. It owes its name to this resemblance with the monkey. In German, "Affen" means "monkey". The head is framed by a crown of shaggy hair giving rise to a full beard, dense whiskers and bushy eyebrows with a circle around the eyes. The Affenpinscher's portrait is completed by large, round, dark eyes and small, V-shaped ears that are set high. The dog has an all black long coat.

History of the Affenpinscher breed

The Affenpinscher is a very old dog breed whose origins date back to around the 15th century in Germany. At that time, artists such as Albrecht Dürer or Jean van Eyck have already represented this dog in their works. In the past, the Affenpinscher was used by merchants and farmers to hunt rodents. It is said that the Affenpinscher is a cross between the German Wirehaired Pinscher and the Pug. The black coat was more popular than the red, yellow, grey or grey-white coats. Exported to the United States, the Affenpinscher almost disappeared during the Second World War. Even in Germany, it is a breed that still remains confidential. The recognition by the FCI (Fédération Cynologique Internationale) will take place in 1955.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Affenpinscher

The Affenpinscher develops different characteristics. First of all, it is a pleasant, calm, affectionate, gentle animal, very attached to its masters. He can't stand loneliness and can get into mischief if he is bored. It can become the faithful four-legged companion of the elderly but also of children, provided that the cohabitation is done in respect. The Affenpinscher is a bit of a rascal and needs a firm education. Sometimes, he shows himself exuberant. Regarding its lifestyle, as it is small, the dog can evolve very well in apartments. However, its energy and its vivacity make that it prefers the houses with garden to be released with its own free will.

Diet and major health problems of the Affenpinscher

The Affenpinscher can be affected by a number of diseases such as heart defects, luxation of the kneecap or intestinal transit disorders. It is also necessary to watch for aseptic necrosis of the femoral head.

As for his diet, it depends on his age, his weight and his physical activities. No specific food is required for this breed, as long as it is of good quality.