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The Majorca Mastiff (Ca de Bou), a dog with a strong corpulence

In spite of its strong and thick corpulence, the Majorca Mastiff also called Ca de Bou remains a pleasant and benevolent dog that will be protective towards families. His physique remains an impressive deterrent. But deep down, it is a docile and gentle animal.

Characteristics of the Majorca Mastiff Dog

The Ca de Bou has a physics peculiar to molossoids. Medium in size, it develops a powerful grip and releases strength and energy. It measures between 52 and 58 cm and weighs between 30 and 38 kg depending on the sex. This breed is immediately recognizable by its massive and powerful head that fits into a square. The stop is accentuated. Jaws with strong bone structure are accompanied by a crushed muzzle, but without exaggeration. The Ca de Bou has large oval shaped eyes that are set quite low and are dark in color. At the level of the ears, they are placed on the sides and set high. Their shape is slightly reminiscent of a rose. This dog has a short and dense coat. The coat can be black, fawn or brindle. The dog may also have a black mask and white markings on the feet, muzzle and chest.

History of the Majorca Mastiff Dog breed

This dog has ancient origins since its existence dates back to the 18th century. It is said to have originated from the crossbreeding of English bulldogs brought by the British to the Balearic Islands as well as Spanish Mastiffs that were introduced to the area in the Middle Ages. The dog was first used as a fighting dog. By his strength, he was confronted with bulls as well as other dogs. He also made a career as an auxiliary to butchers who needed their herds to be watched over and, above all, the cattle to be immobilized; a task that the Majorca Mastiff Dog did to perfection by biting with his powerful jaw. The officialization of the breed will take place in 1932. The Fédération Cynologique Internationale (FCI) will officially recognize it in 1963.

Necessary living conditions and behavior of the Majorca Mastiff

The Majorca Mastiff Dog has definitively said goodbye to its past as a fighting dog, which it has now traded for a pet title. He is an excellent guardian and a very protective being who will look after his masters. He appreciates children and develops a lot of patience towards them. He is a dog that shows calm, docility and kindness. On the other hand, he is not at ease with strangers and fellow dogs. Even if it is not a difficult dog, it needs a good basis of education and early socialization. In addition, he is not really suited to living in an apartment and will prefer a house with a fenced garden where he will enjoy more freedom. Finally, as it is not a sporting dog, there is no need to program a lot of physical exercise. Regular walks with his owners will suffice.

Diet and main health problems of the Majorca Mastiff Dog

The Majorca Mastiff can be subject to elbow and hip dysplasia. His joints should be spared to avoid any problems frequently encountered in heavy dogs. Overweight dogs should be watched. A balanced and varied diet will avoid excessive weight gain.